Religion and Ethnocentrism

An Empirical-theological Study

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Previous studies reveal that religion, despite its ideal of solidarity, hospitality and compassion, has been the primary origin of ethnocentrism. However, other researches dispute this sweeping claim by indicating several other factors that affect this complex relationship. This empirical-theological study is an endeavour to dig deeper into these factors by examining the extent to which a number of religious images which are culled from five religious themes, namely, God, Jesus, Spirit, salvation and church, contribute to ethnocentrism. It situates these religious attitudes within the framework of the Dutch civil religion, and the different reactions to it by contemporary Dutch catholic believers.
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Biographical Note

Dave D. Capucao obtained his PhD (2009) at the Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, and STD (2009) at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. He is currently working as pastor of Sint Ludgerparochie in the 'Achterhoek', the Netherlands.

Table of contents


Acknowledgement ... vii

Chapter One Introduction ... 1
1.1. Research problem ... 2
1.2. Research questions and aims ... 10
1.3. Conceptual model ... 14
1.4. Research Methods ... 18
1.5. Sampling method and data collection ... 20
1.6. Description of Research Population ... 23
1.7. Structure of the Book ... 25

Chapter Two Attitudes toward God ... 27
2.1. Images of God from a theoretical perspective ... 28
2.2. Images of God from an empirical perspective ... 44
2.3. Social location of the attitudes toward God ... 45

Chapter Three Attitudes toward Jesus ... 49
3.1. Images of Jesus from a theoretical perspective ... 50
3.2. Images of Jesus from an empirical perspective ... 79
3.3. Social location of the attitudes toward Jesus ... 81

Chapter Four Attitudes toward the Spirit ... 85
4.1. Images of the Spirit from a theoretical perspective ... 86
4.2. Images of the Spirit from an empirical perspective ... 100
4.3. Social location of the attitudes toward the Spirit ... 101

Chapter Five Attitudes toward Salvation ... 105
5.1. Images of salvation from a theoretical perspective ... 106
5.2. Images of salvation from an empirical perspective ... 128
5.3. Social location of the attitudes towards salvation ... 131

Chapter Six Attitudes toward the Church ... 135
6.1. Images of the church from a theoretical perspective ... 135
6.2. Images of the church from an empirical perspective ... 158
6.3. Social location of the attitudes toward the church ... 159

Chapter Seven Attitudes toward Minorities ... 163
7.1. Theoretical structure of the attitudes toward minorities ... 163
7.2. Attitudes toward minorities from an empirical perspective ... 175
7.3. Social location of the attitudes toward minorities ... 176

Chapter Eight Religion and Ethnocentrism ... 179
8.1. Characteristics of Civil Religion in the Netherlands ... 179
8.2. Reactions to civil religion among Dutch Catholics ... 192
8.3. Expected impact of religious attitudes on ethnocentrism ... 206
8.4. Empirical impact of religious attitudes on ethnocentrism ... 219

Chapter Nine Conclusion ... 229
9.1. Summary of findings ... 229
9.2. Theological evaluations, reflections, and statement of hypotheses ... 237
9.3. Recommendations for future research ... 248

Appendices & Tables ... 251
Bibliography ... 297
Index ... 317

Readership

All those interested in theology, particularly, empricial-practical theology; modern theology, religion and modern issues, civil religion, Dutch Catholics, ethnocentrism, and migration.