Crime, Addiction and the Regulation of Gambling

This is the third book to be produced by members of the Gambling Research Group – associated with Tilburg University’s Faculty of Law concerning issues closely connected with the debate on the gambling policies that the European Union and its Member States are pursuing. The first book – Alan Littler and Cyrille Fijnaut (eds), The Regulation of Gambling: European and National Perspectives (Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007) – mainly considers the legal aspects of gambling regulation, at both European Union and Member State level. The second book – Tom Coryn, Cyrille Fijnaut and Alan Littler (eds), Economic Aspects of Gambling Regulation: EU and US Perspectives (Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008) – looks at research conducted in the United States and the European Union into the costs and benefits involved in the regulation of gambling. The contributions to this third book turn the spotlight on two social problems: crime and addiction, both of which play a significant part in the institutional debate in the European Union concerning whether gambling should be treated as a service that – like other services – should be subject to the laws universally applicable to the internal market. This volume is primarily devoted to the research that has been conducted in several Member States into the problems of gambling-related crime and addiction. It also examines developments at EU level: What policy is the European Commission currently pursuing? And what stance does the European Court of Justice take these days? Crime and addiction problems that can arise in the context of online gambling and at possible ways of keeping them under control. are also examined.
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Table of contents

Preface (Cyrille Fijnaut), List of Abbreviations
General Introduction, (Cyrille Fijnaut), 1 Introduction, 2. Crime and Addiction: their Role in the Debate between the European Commission and the Netherlands, 3. The Contributions to this Book
Crime Problems Related to Gambling: an Overview (Toine Spapens) 1. Introduction, 2. Illegal Forms of Gambling on Offer, 3. Penetration of Criminals into the Legal Betting and Gaming Sector, 4. Improper Use of Gambling for Illegal Activities, 5. Crime in Relation to Gamblers, 6. Concluding Remarks
The Proper Functioning of the Internal Market: Observations from Brussels (Erik Bertil Vagnhammar) 1. Introduction, 2. Definition of Gambling in Community Law, 3. Why is the Commission Taking Action?, 4. Final Observations
Placanica: Combating Criminality vs. Reducing Gambling Opportunities as Grounds for Justification in the ECJ’s Jurisprudence (Nele Hoekx) 1. Introduction, 2. Existing EU Case Law, 3. An Analysis of the Placanica Judgment, 4. Relationship Between Placanica and Existing Case Law: Is There Anything New Under the Sun?, 5. EU Case Law and the Implications for National Legislation, 6. Conclusion
Regulating Illegal Gambling Markets: The Case of Illegal Casinos in the Netherlands (Toine Spapens) 1. Introduction, 2. The Theory With Regard to Regulation, 3. Gambling Policy in the Netherlands, 4. Illegal Casinos in the Netherlands, 5. Legal Casinos in the Netherlands, 6. Repression and Regulation, 7. Concluding Remarks
Gambling and Addiction Problems in the Netherlands (Dick de Bruin) 1. Introduction, 2. Gambling Addiction: Diagnosis, Taxonomy, and Risk Factors, 3. Caught Up in More than a Game, 4. Prevention of Gambling Addiction, 5. General Conclusion
The Role of Crime and Addiction in the Gambling Policy of France (François Trucy) 1. Introduction, 2. The Organisation and Regulation of Games in France by the State, 3. Fraud, Misdemeanours and Other Misappropriations, 4. Gambling Addiction, 5. Conclusion
The German Market for Gambling and Betting (Tilman Becker) 1. Introduction, 2. Problems with a Legally Oriented Segmentation of the Market, 3. Sales Figures in the Various Segments of the Gambling Market, 4. Payout Ratio, 5. The Market for Sport Betting, 6. State Revenue and State Revenue Spending, 7. The Number of and Spending of Players for the Various Game of Chance Formats, 8. Pathological Gambling in Germany and the Regulation of the Gambling Market, 9. Conclusions
The Culture of Gambling in Great Britain: Legislative and Social Change (Gerda Reith) 1. Introduction, 2. The Legacy of the 1968 Gaming Act, 3. International Trends, 4. The National Lottery, 5. Late 20th Century Trends, 6. Problem Gambling in Britain, 7. The 2005 Gambling Act, 8. Concluding Comments
Preventing Problem Gambling on the Internet Through the Use of Social Responsibility Mechanisms (Caroline Jawad and Stephen Griffiths) 1. Introduction, 2. The Expansion and Popularity of Internet Gambling, 3. The Causes of Problem Gambling, 4. The Containment of Underage Gambling, 5. Approaches to Ensuring Fair Gambling, 6. Responsible Gambling: Developing a Comprehensive Approach, 7. Regulation and Protecting Consumers, 8. The Social Responsibility of Operators, 9. Responsible Gambling: What Does it Entail?, 10. Why was the Legislation in the UK Changed?, 11. The Challenge of Internet Ethics, 12. Conclusion
Concluding Remarks (Cyrille Fijnaut) Appendix, About the Authors, Index.


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