Connecting Seas and Connected Ocean Rims

Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans and China Seas Migrations from the 1830s to the 1930s


Long-distance migration of peoples have been a central if little understood factor in global integration. The essays in this collection contribute to a new history of world migrations, written by specialists of particular areas of the world. Collectively these essays point towards a shift from the regional migrations of individual seas and oceans of the early modern era toward nineteenth-century labor migrations that connected the Pacific and Indian to the Atlantic Oceans. Detailed case studies demonstrate the importance of human migration in the development, consolidation and critique of empire-building, theories of race, modern capitalism, and large-scale commercial agriculture and industry on every continent.
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Biographical Note

Donna R. Gabaccia is the Rudolph J. Vecoli Chair in Immigration History and Director of the Immigration History Research Center at the University of Minnesota. She is the author of many books and articles on U.S. immigration and Italian migration around the world.

Dirk Hoerder teaches global migration history at Arizona State University. His newest research is on North American migrations since the mid-19th-century. On leave from the University of Bremen, he has also taught in Canada and Paris.

Table of contents

List of Maps, Tables, and Figures

Editors' Introduction, Donna R. Gabaccia and Dirk Hoerder
Crossing the Waters: Historic Developments and Periodizations before the 1830s, Dirk Hoerder
A World Made Many: Integration and Segregation in Global Migration, 1840-1940, Adam McKeown

Part One: The Worlds of the Indian Ocean

Introduction: Inter-Oceanic Migrations from an Indian Ocean Perspective, 1830s to 1930s, Ulrike Freitag
Indian Merchant Networks Outside India in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: A Preliminary Survey, Claude Markovits
Migration—Re-migration—Circulation: South Asian Kulis in the Indian Ocean and Beyond, 1840-1940, Michael Mann
Indian Ocean Crossings: Indian Labor Migration and Settlement in Southeast Asia, 1870 to 1940 , Amarjit Kaur

Part Two: The Worlds of the East and Southeast Asian Seas

Introduction: Link-Points in a Half-Ocean, Wang Gungwu
From Tribute Trade to Migration Center: The Ryukyu and Hong Kong Maritime Networks within the East and South China Seas in a Long-Term Perspective, Takeshi Hamashita
Singapore as a Nineteenth Century Migration Node, Carl A. Trocki
Hong Kong as an In-between Place in the Chinese Diaspora, 1849-1939, Elizabeth Sinn

Part Three: The Worlds of the Atlantic Ocean

Introduction: The Atlantic, Its Migrations, and Their Scholars, Donna R. Gabaccia
From One Black Atlantic to Many: Slave Regimes, Creole Societies, and Power Relationships in the Atlantic World, Dirk Hoerder
Latin American Perspectives on Migration in the Atlantic World, Silke Hensel
Undone by Desire: Migration, Sex across Boundaries, and Collective Destinies in the Greater Caribbean, 1840-1940, Lara Putnam
The Dynamics of Labor Migration and Raw Materials Acquisition in the Transatlantic Worsted Trade, 1830-1930,
Overseas Migration and the Development of Ocean Navigation: A Europe-Outward Perspective, Yrjö Kaukiainen

Part Four: The Pacific Ocean

Introduction: The Rhythms of the Transpacific, Henry Yu
The Intermittent Rhythms of the Cantonese Pacific, Henry Yu
Remapping a Pre-World War Two Japanese Diaspora: Transpacific Migration as an Articulation of Japan's Colonial Expansionism, Eiichiro Azuma
Migration and the Politics of Sovereignty, Settlement, and Belonging in Hawai’I, Christine Skwiot

Part Five: The World Beyond the 1930s
Disquietude and the Writing of Ethnographic Histories: Portuguese Decolonization and Goan Migration in the Indian Ocean, 1920 to the Present, Pamila Gupta
Afterword: Migration and Globalization: Bridging Three Eras in Modern World History, Donna R. Gabaccia

Notes on Authors


The anticipated readers are scholars, graduate or post-graduate students, and advanced U.S. undergraduate students with interests in modern world or global history or the history of international migrations.


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