Across all times and cultures, mankind has attached great importance to the foundation of buildings, cities and communities. By means of rituals of foundation, dedication and consecration, buildings and objects are charged with meaning. At the same time, these rituals bear witness of the way communities understand their own place in history, and how they position themselves in relation to others. As such, the study of these rituals deepens our understanding of society at large.
Bringing together contributions from art history, architectural history, historiography and history of law, this volume is the first comprehensive exploration of the manifold meanings of foundation, dedication and consecration in early modern culture, which combined a renewed interest in notions of origins, history and identity with an exceptionally rich production of artefacts.
Contributors include Piers Baker-Bates, Jorge Correia, Roger J. Crum, Maarten Delbeke, Alison C. Fleming, Dagmar Germonprez, Carmelina Gugliuzzo, Berthold Hub, Indra Kagis McEwen, Susan J. May, Brian J. Maxson, Anne-Françoise Morel, Almut Pollmer, Bernward Schmidt, Minou Schraven, Andrew Spicer, and Colin Wilder.
Maarten Delbeke, Ph.D. (2001) in Architecture, Ghent University, is Associate Professor at Ghent University, and researcher at the LUICD of Leiden University. He has published on Early Modern theory of art and architecture, as well as modern architecture
Minou Schraven, Ph.D. (2006) in Art History, Groningen University, is postdoctoral fellow at Leiden University. She has published on early modern material and festival culture, including her Festive Funerals in Early Modern Italy. Cultures of Conspicuous Commemoration (in press, Ashgate).
"[C]ontributions to this book provide valuable insights into cultural and religious difference as they pertain to (re)foundation and (re)consecration. [...] [I]t begins with an intriguing episode of the performative assertion of land possession and its scholarly value is not in dispute [...]. [...] It is a valuable compendium of rites and customs that were important elements of earlymodern culture and have long deserved a closer look." – Sally J. Cornelison,
University of Kansas, in:
Renaissance Quarterly 65/4 (Winter 2012), pp. 1196-1198
Table of contents
Notes on the Editors
Notes on the Contributors
List of Figures
List of Maps
Foundation, Dedication and Consecration in Early Modern Europe: An Introduction
MAARTEN DELBEKE AND MINOU SCHRAVEN
I. FOUNDATION AND THE HUMANIST QUEST FOR ORIGINS
Founding an Ideal City in Filarete’s Libro Architettonico
Stepping Out of Brunelleschi’s Shadow: The Consecration of S. Maria del Fiore as International Statecraft in Renaissance Florence
ROGER J. CRUM
Establishing Independence: Leonardo Bruni’s History of the Florentine People and Ritual in Fifteenth-Century Florence
BRIAN J. MAXSON
Pienza: Relics, Ritual and Architecture in the City of a Renaissance Pope
SUSAN J. MAY
Founding Rome Anew: Sixtus IV and the Foundation of Ponte Sisto, 1473
II. (RE)FOUNDATION AS PURIFICATION AND APPROPRIATION
A Means for the Projection of ‘Soft Power’: ‘Spanish’ Churches at Rome 1469-1527
Clash of Power and Creed: Cultural (Re)foundations in Northwest Africa
Building a Sense of Belonging: The Foundation of Valletta in Malta
St Ignatius of Loyola’s “Vision at la Storta” and the Foundation of the Society of Jesus
ALISON C. FLEMING
III CONSECRATION CEREMONIES AFTER TRENT
Consecration and Violation: Preserving the Sacred Landscape in the (Arch)diocese of Cambrai, c. 1550-1570
Foundation Rites in the Southern Netherlands: Constructing a Counter-Reformational Architecture
Church Consecration in England 1549-1715: An Unestablished Ceremony
Ritual and its Negation: ‘Dedicatio Ecclesiae’ and the Reformed First Sermon
ALMUT POLLMER-SCHMIDT AND BERNWARD SCHMIDT
III. NEW BEGINNINGS
Midsummer Moderns: The Foundation of the Paris Observatory, 21 June 1667
INDRA KAGIS MCEWEN
The Importance of Beginning, Over and Over: The Idea of Primitive Germanic Law
All those interested in foundation rituals and narratives and their implications for the history of art, law, architecture, religion and historiography.