Alternative Targum Traditions

The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan


The present study explores the possibility of using variant readings of the Targum of the Prophets to get a better insight into the origin and history of Targum Jonathan. The focus is on two sorts of variant readings: the Tosefta Targums and the targumic quotations in rabbinic and medieval Jewish literature. The chapter on the Tosefta Targums concentrates on variants from the book of Samuel. The chapter on the targumic quotations includes quotations of all the Prophets in early Jewish literature. In the Appendix a full list is given of all quotations of Targums of the Prophets presently known. The book is useful for the study of the genesis of Targum Jonathan as well as for its later developments.
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Biographical Note

Alberdina Houtman, Ph.D (1995) Utrecht University, is Professor of Jewish Studies and Lecturer of Semitic Languages at the Protestant Theological University, The Netherlands. She has published extensively on rabbinic literature and Targum.
Harry Sysling, Ph.D. (1991) Leiden University, is researcher on Hebrew and Aramaic studies and Bible translator at the Netherlands Bible Society. He has published extensively on Targum and rabbinic literature.


Al those interested in Targum, rabbinic, and medieval Jewish literature.


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