The Lexical Field of the Substantives of “Gift” in Ancient Hebrew

Series:

This monograph exhaustively investigates the semantic domain of ‘gift’ in Ancient Hebrew, which comprises 28 substantives. The investigation firstly focuses on the syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations that determine the meanings of each individual lexeme and subsequently provides an overall picture of the developments and extensions of the whole lexical field across the different layers of Ancient Hebrew. The investigation sheds new light on the debated issue of the so-called sectarian Qumran writings, by demonstrating that they attest to distinctive patterns of lexical organisation that are not found elsewhere in Ancient Hebrew. The appendix finally discusses the feasibility of drawing concept related conclusions on the basis of linguistic data, thus sketching a possible map of the concept of ‘gift’.
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Biographical Note

Francesco Zanella, Ph.D. (2006) in Semantics of Ancient Hebrew, University of Florence, is research assistant at the Universities of Siegen and Bonn in the framework of the ThWQ Project (Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumrantexten).

Review Quotes

"Zanella consistently sets out his position clearly and creatively, and justifies it lucidly and persuasively. There is, ultimately, no doubt that Zanella has succeeded in what he set out to do -- to provide a set of objective, coherent and useful results concerning the lexical field of 'gift' in Ancient Hebrew, while acknowledging that those results must remain 'partial, relative, and connected to a specific semantic theory' (p. 61)." Marilyn Burton, University of Edinburgh in The Expository Times vol. 124, no. 12, September 2013, pp. 619-620.

Table of contents

CONTENTS
Acknowledgements ............................................................................ xi
Foreword ............................................................................................. xiii
Abbreviations ..................................................................................... xv
Methodological Framework ............................................................. 1
1 Biblical Hebrew or Ancient Hebrew? Between Language
and Corpus .............................................................................. 1
2 Componential Analysis of Meaning .................................... 12
2.1 Why Componential Analysis of Meaning? ............... 12
2.2 Theoretical Framework ................................................ 15
2.3 Research Procedures of Componential Analysis ..... 37
3 Between Synchrony and Diachrony: Componential
Analysis and the Issue of Linguistic Change ....................... 46
4 Componential Analysis as a Heuristic Tool for Cognitive
Semantics? Some Methodological Considerations ........... 52
Part One Distributional and Syntagmatic Analysis .................. 63
Lexeme 1: 63 ............................................................................ אֶשְׁכָּר
Lexeme 2: 66 ............................................................... אֶתְנָה / אֶתְנַן
Lexeme 3: 74 ............................................................................. בְּרָכָה
Lexeme 4: 82 ......................................................................... הַבְ ׇ הבִים
Lexeme 5: 84 ................................................................................ זֶבֶד
Lexeme 6: 90 ............................................................................... כֹּפֶר
Lexeme 7: 103 ................................................................................ מֶגֶד
Lexeme 8: 107 .......................................................................... מִגְדָּנוֺת
Lexeme 9: 111 ............................................................................... מֹהַר
Lexeme 10: 115 .............................................................................. מָנָה
Lexeme 11: 128 ........................................................................... מִנְחָה
Lexeme 12: 165 ......................................................................... מַשְֺאֵת
Lexeme 13: 175 .............................................................................. מַתָּן
Lexeme 14: 181 ........................................................................... מַתָּנָה
Lexeme 15: 196 ............................................................................ מַתָּת
Lexeme 16: 203 ............................................................................ נְדָבָה
Lexeme 17: 219 .............................................................................. נֵדֶה
Lexeme 18: 221 ............................................................................... נָדָן
Lexeme 19: 223 .............................................................................. נֶדֶר
Lexeme 20: 240 ............................................................................ קָרְבָּן
Lexeme 21: 253 ............................................................................. שָׂכָר
Lexeme 22: 265 ............................................................................ שֹׁחַד
Lexeme 23: 277 ................................................................................ שַׁי
Lexeme 24: 280 ....................................................................... שִׁלּוּחִים
Lexeme 25: 284 ........................................................... שִׁלּוּ ׇ מה / שִׁלּוּם
Lexeme 26: 292 ....................................................................... שַׁלְמֹנִים
Lexeme 27: 295 ......................................................................... תְּרוּמָה
Lexeme 28: 316 ........................................................................ תְּשׁוּרָה
Part Two Paradigmatic Analysis .................................................. 319
Lexeme 1: 319 ............................................................................ אֶשְׁכָּר
Lexeme 2: 320 ............................................................... אֶתְנָה / אֶתְנַן
Lexeme 3: 322 ............................................................................. בְּרָכָה
Lexeme 4: 324 ......................................................................... הַבְ ׇ הבִים
Lexeme 5: 325 ................................................................................ זֶבֶד
Lexeme 6: 326 ............................................................................... כֹּפֶר
Lexeme 7: 330 ................................................................................ מֶגֶד
Lexeme 8: 331 .......................................................................... מִגְדָּנוֹת
Lexeme 9: 333 ............................................................................... מֹהַר
Lexeme 10: 335 .............................................................................. מָנָה
Lexeme 11: 338 ........................................................................... מִנְחָה
Lexeme 12: 345 ......................................................................... מַשְֺאֵת
Lexeme 13: 348 .............................................................................. מַתָּן
Lexeme 14: 351 ........................................................................... מַתָּנָה
Lexeme 15: 355 ............................................................................ מַתָּת
Lexeme 16: 358 ............................................................................ נְדָבָה
Lexeme 17: 361 .............................................................................. נֵדֶה
Lexeme 18: 362 ............................................................................... נָדָן
Lexeme 19: 363 .............................................................................. נֶדֶר
Lexeme 20: 367 ............................................................................ קָרְבָּן
Lexeme 21: 370 ............................................................................. שָׂכָר
Lexeme 22: 374 ............................................................................ שֹׁחַד
Lexeme 23: 377 ................................................................................ שַׁי
Lexeme 24: 379 ....................................................................... שִׁלּוּחִים
Lexeme 25: 380 ........................................................... שִׁלּוּ ׇ מה / שִׁלּוּם
Lexeme 26: 382 ....................................................................... שַׁלְמֹנִים
Lexeme 27: 384 ......................................................................... תְּרוּמָה
Lexeme 28: 388 ........................................................................ תְּשׁוּרָה
Part Three A Synoptic Overview ................................................. 389
Section 1: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Archaic Biblical Hebrew .......................................................... 389
Section 2: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Standard Narrative Hebrew .................................................... 391
Section 3: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Standard Poetic Hebrew .......................................................... 394
Section 4: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Standard Juridical-Cultic Hebrew .......................................... 397
Section 5: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Late Narrative Hebrew ............................................................. 400
Section 6: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Late Poetic Hebrew ................................................................... 402
Section 7: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
Ben Sira Hebrew ....................................................................... 404
Section 8: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
the Narrative Language of Qumran ...................................... 406
Section 9: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
the Poetic Language of Qumran ............................................ 407
Section 10: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
the Juridical-Cultic Language of Qumran ............................ 409
Section 11: The Lexical Field of the Substantives of ‘Gift’ in
the Sectarian Language of Qumran ....................................... 411
Part Four Final Glossary ............................................................... 415
Appendix Language and Culture: Towards the Concept
of ‘Gift’ ............................................................................................ 443
Bibliography ........................................................................................ 453
Index of References ........................................................................... 465
Index of Authors ................................................................................ 472

Readership

Scholars dealing with Ancient Hebrew lexicon and with the history of the Hebrew language, researchers in Qumran Studies and Biblical Studies as well as lexicographers.

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