This book is intended to serve as an advanced course text for students studying the Cold War. The rearmament of both Germanies in the late 1940s-early 1950s was one of the defining moments of the Cold War. The question of rearming Germany became one of the most difficult questions faced by the Western Allies after World War II. Inside West Germany there was also a considerable debate as to whether Germany ought to rearm at all. Once the decision to rearm was made, the Germans and Western Allies ran into all the practical problems of deciding whether Germany would join NATO, what role the Germans would play in the Alliance, how Germany would be armed and the form the armed forces would play in German society.
A team of expert authors have examined all of these core questions in detail. An analysis of the origins of reamament in East Germany is also provided. With this book a reader will gain a thorough understanding of the complex issues that faced the West from 1945-1957.
Contributors are Jonathan House, Douglas Peifer, Martin Rink, Daniel Jordan, Adam Seipp, Thomas Vogel, Klaus Naumann, Dieter Kollmer and Oliver Haller.
James S. Corum, PhD (1991) in History, Queen's University, Canada, is Dean of the Baltic Defence College in Tartu, Estonia. He has published extensively in German military history and his most recent book is
Field Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen, Master of the German Air War (University Press of Kansas, 2008).
Table of contents
List of Abbreviations ..vii
THE BEGINNING OF REARMAMENT
The Himmerod Memorandum and the Beginning of West German Security Policy // Thomas Vogel .. 3
Adenauer, Amt Blank, and the Founding of the Bundeswehr 1950–1956 // James S. Corum ..29
THE DEBATE WITHIN GERMAN SOCIETY
A Reasonable “Yes”: The Social Democrats and West German Rearmament, 1945–1956 // Adam Seipp ..55
THE ALLIED POWERS AND THE CREATION OF A NEW GERMAN ARMED FORCERS
The European Defense Community // Jonathan M. House ..73
American Assistance to the New German Army and Luftwaffe // James S. Corum ..93
Establishing the Bundesmarine: The Convergence of Central Planning and Pre-existing Maritime Organizations, 1950–1956 // Douglas Carl Peifer ..117
THE ECONOMICS OF GERMAN REARMAMENT
German Industry, the Cold War, and the Bundeswehr // Oliver Haller .. 145
Reasons of State: A Military and Foreign Trade Necessity. The International Mix of Armaments in the Build-up Phase of the Bundeswehr 1953–1958 // Dieter H. Kollmer .. 177
DEBATES WITHIN THE BUNDESWEHR ABOUT ORGANIZATION AND DOCTRINE
The Battle Over “Innere Fuehrung” // Klaus Naumann .. 205
The Service Staff s’ Struggle over Structure. The Bundeswehr’s Internal Debates on Adopting NATO Doctrine 1950–1963 // Martin Rink .. 221
THE OTHER GERMANY. CREATING THE DDR’S ARMED FORCES
Failure to Command: Th e Political Underpinnings of the Failure of the Nationale Volksarmee as a Social Institution // Dan Jordan .. 255
Rearming Germany: An Essay on Books and Sources ..273
All those interested in Cold War history, in post world War II German political history, and those interested in the history of NATO. This work is especially suitable for students taking courses in Cold War history.