Chinese rulers and statesmen were naturally concerned about the issue of war, when to wage it, when it was justified, and when to avoid it. Although much has been asserted about how these issues were understood in Chinese culture, this work is the first study actually to focus on the debates themselves. These debates at court proceeded from specific understandings of what constituted evidence, and involved the practical concerns of policy as well as more general cultural values. The result is a decidedly messy portrait of Chinese decision making over two millenia that is neither distinctly Chinese nor entirely generic.
Contributors are Parks Coble, Garret Olberding, David Pong, Kenneth Swope, Paul Van Els, David Wright, and Shu-Hui Wu.
Peter Lorge, Ph.D. (1996) in Asian Studies, University of Pennsylvania, is Assistant Professor of History at Vanderbilt University. He has published extensively on Chinese military history, military thought, gunpowder and martial arts.
Table of contents
List of Maps ... vii
List of Contributors ... ix
Introduction ... 1
Righteous, Furious, or Arrogant? On Classifĳications of Warfare in Early Chinese Texts ... 13
Paul van Els
Debates and Decision-Making: The Battle of the Altai Mountains (Jinweishan) in AD 91 ... 41
The Debate Between Wang Hui and Han Anguo: A Case Study of Early Han Military Addresses ...79
Fighting Against Empire: Resistance to the Later Zhou and Song Conquest of China ... 107
Debates in the Field During Bayan’s Campaigns Against Southern Song China, 1274–1276 ... 141
David Curtis Wright
As Close as Lips and Teeth: Debating the Ming Intervention in Korea ...163
Kenneth M. Swope
To War or Not to War: Decisions for War in Late Imperial China, 1870s–1900...191
Debating War in China: The Decision to Go to War, July-August 1937 ... . 237
Parks M. Coble
Index ... . . 257
All those interested in Chinese military history, Chinese history, comparative history, and military or strategic thought.