Philosophical Debates at Paris in the Early Fourteenth Century


This collection of essays, papers originally delivered at conferences in Bonn and Boston, show in a detailed way the tone and nature of philosophical and theological issues and arguments at the University of Paris in the early fourteenth century. They touch on a large number of authors and a broad spectrum of subjects and present these discussions with regard to the intellectual framework set by the earlier Parisian generation of Thomas Aquinas, Henry of Ghent and Godfrey of Fontaine. It becomes evident that the principal contributors to the new intellectual energy in early fourteenth-century discussions at Paris are Meister Eckhart, John Duns Scotus, Hervaeus Natalis, Durandus of St.-Pourçain, Walter Burley and Petrus Aureoli.
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Biographical Note

Stephen F. Brown, Ph.D. (1965) in Philosophy, Université de Louvain, is Professor of Theology and Director of the Institute of Medieval Philosophy and Theology, Boston College. He has edited the texts and published extensively on many of the medieval authors discussed in this volume.

Thomas Dewender, Ph.D. (1999) in Philosophy, University of Bochum, is assistant in the Philosophy Department, University of Bonn, where he is teaching and doing research mainly on ancient and medieval philosophy.

Theo Kobusch, Ph.D. (1972) in Philosophy, University of Giessen, is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bonn. He has published extensively on the history of ancient and medieval philosophy including, most recently, Christliche Philosophie. Die Entdeckung der Subjektivität(2006).

Review Quotes

"...This volume represents a major contribution to recent literature on early fourteenth century philosophy and theology, particularly as produced in the very active intellectual climate of Paris at that time. One can easily argue that the first three decades of the fourteenth century at Paris, with the contributions of Duns Scotus, Gerard of Bologna, Hervaeus Natalis, Durand of St. Pourçain, Thomas Wylton, Walter Burley, Peter Auriol, and a host of others mark one of the richest periods in scholastic thought, comparable to the achievements of the second half of the thirteenth century. Not only do the chapters in this volume offer fresh insights into the thought of these individuals, but the topics chosen are among the most discussed and controversial of the period, such as epistemology, intuitive and abstractive cognition, first and second intentions, the intension and remission of forms, Scotus’ formal distinction, the scientific status of theology, fruition and enjoyment, the ontological status of relation, the problem of universals, and the meaning of propositions. Anyone interested in Parisian scholastic thought of the generation between Henry of Ghent and Francis of Marchia needs to be aware of the essays contained here..."
William J. Courtenay, University of Wisconsin-Madison in H-France Review Vol. 10 (December 2010), No. 224

Table of contents


Historical Context
Auriol's Rubrics:Citations of university Theologians in Peter Auriol's Scriptum in Primum Librum Sententiarum
Godfrey of Fontaines and the Succession Theory of Forms at Paris in the Early Fouteenth Century
Ascoli, Wylton, and Alnwickon Scotus's Formal Distinctions: Taxonomy, Refinement, and Interaction
The Unpleasantness with the Agent Intellect in Meister Eckhart

Beatific Vision
Durandus of St.-Puurcain and Peter Auriol on the Act of Beatific Enjoyment
Parisian Discussions of the Beatific Vision after the Council of Vienne: Thomas Wylton, Silbert of Beka, Peter Auriol, and Raymundus Bequini

Intentions in the First Quarter of the Fourteenth Century: Hervaeus Natalis versus Radulphus Brito
Primae et Secundae Intentiones. Einige Grundzuge der Intentionalitatslehre des Hervaeus Natalis
Realism and Intentionality: Hervaeus Natalis, Peter Aureoli, and William Ockham in Discussion

Realities and Relations
Der Ontologische Status der Relationen nach Durandus von St.-Pourcain, Hervaeus Natalis und Petrus Aureoli
The Christological thought of Durandus of St.-Pourcain in the Context of an Emergent Thomism
Aureol and the Ambiguitiesof the Distinction of REason
Singularite et Individualite selon Pierre Auriol
Duns Scotus on the Origins of the Possible in the Divine Intellect

Theology and Science
Scotus at Paris on the Critieria for Scientific Knowledge
Declarative Theology after Durandus: Its Re-presentation and Defense by Peter Aureoli
Intuition, Abstraction and the Possibility of a Science of God: Durandus of St.-Pourcain, Gerard of Bologna and William of Ockham
On the Trial od a Philosophical Debate: Durandus of St.-Pourcain vs. Thomas Wylton on Simultaneous Acts in the Intellect

Propositions and Their Meaning
Le signifie propositionnel selon Jean Duns Scot et Gauthier Burley
Walter Burley's Propositio in re and the Systematization of the Ordo Significationis

Index codicum
Index nominum
Index rerum


All those interested in intellectual history, medieval history, medieval philosophy and theology.


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