Allied Fighting Effectiveness in North Africa and Italy, 1942-1945


Allied Fighting Effectiveness in North Africa and Italy, 1942-1945 offers a collection of scholarly papers focusing on heretofore understudied aspects of the Second World War. Encompassing the major campaigns of North Africa, Sicily and Italy from operation TORCH to the end of the war in Europe, this volume explores the intriguing dichotomy of the nature of battle in the Mediterranean theatre, whilst helping to emphasise its significance to the study of Second Word War military history. The chapters, written by a number of international scholars, offer a discussion of a range of subjects, including: logistics, the air-land battle, coalition operations, doctrine and training, command, control and communications, and airborne and special forces.
Contributors are Matthew C. Ford, Simon Godfrey, John Greenacre, Andrew L. Hargreaves, James Hudson, Alan Jeffreys, Kevin Jones, Paul Lemaire, Ross Mahoney, Christopher Mann, Cesar Campiani Maximiano, Patrick J. Rose, and Grant T. Weller.

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Andrew L. Hargreaves is an independent military historian and researcher. He was awarded a Ph.D. from King's College London in 2009. His most recent publication is Special Operations in World War II – British and American Irregular Warfare (Oklahoma University Press, 2013).
Patrick J. Rose received a Ph.D. from King’s College London in 2009 for a study of command culture in the British Army between 1919 and 1945. He is co-editor and co-author of The Indian Army 1939-1947 – Experience and Development (Ashgate, 2012).
Matthew C. Ford, Ph.D. (2008), King's College London, is currently a Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Sussex. He has published in the Journal of Strategic Studies, Small Wars and Insurgencies, War in History, and Parameters.
Notes on Contributors…vii

Introduction …1
Andrew Hargreaves, Patrick Rose and Matthew Ford

1 Coalition Air-Land Doctrine in the North African Campaign: Moving Towards a Single Concept of Operations, June 1942 – March 1943 …13
James Hudson
2 A Blueprint for Success: Army-Air Force Co-operation and the Battle for the Mareth Line, 19–29 March 1943 …31
Ross Mahoney
3 The Fusion of the North African armée de l’air and the FAFL after Operation TORCH, November 1942 – May 1944 …53
Paul Lemaire
4 “When Opportunity Arises”: British Airborne Operations in the Mediterranean 1941–1944 …67
John Greenacre
5 Rearguard Action: Eighth Army’s Tactical Response to the German Evacuation of Sicily, July – August 1943 …85
Kevin Jones
6 Indian Army Training for the Italian Campaign and Lessons Learnt …103
Alan Jefffreys
7 Learning on the Job: Training the Brazilians for Combat in the Gothic Line …120
Cesar Campiani Maximiano
8 The Quartermaster Corps in the Mediterranean: A Motorized Logistics System …148
Grant T. Weller
9 British Army Communications in North Africa and Italy from Operation TORCH to the Capture of Rome …170
Simon Godfrey
10 Failures in Command and Control: The Experience of 4th Indian Division at the Second Battle of Cassino, February 1944 …188
Christopher Mann
11 Reassessing British Army Command: XIII British Corps in the Fourth Battle of Cassino, May – July 1944 …206
Patrick Rose
12 Learning to Exploit Depth: The Application, Evolution and Value of Allied Special Forces in Sicily and Italy, 1943–1945 …224
Andrew Hargreaves

Conclusion …248
Andrew Hargreaves, Patrick Rose and Matthew Ford

Index …253
All military historians and scholars interested in the history of the Second World War, particularly in the Mediterranean theatre of operations.