Salish Applicatives


This book offers a comprehensive view of the morphology, syntax, and semantics of applicatives in Salish, a language family of northwestern North America. Applicative constructions, found in many polysynthetic languages, cast a semantically peripheral noun phrase as direct object. Drawing upon primary and secondary data from twenty Salish languages, the authors catalog the relationship between the form and function of seventeen applicative suffixes. The semantic role of the associated noun phrase and the verb class of the base are crucial factors in differentiating applicatives. Salish languages have two types of applicatives: relationals are formed on intransitive bases and redirectives on transitive ones. The historical development and discourse function of Salish applicatives are elucidated and placed in typological perspective.
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Biographical Note

Kaoru Kiyosawa, Ph.D. (2007) in Linguistics, Simon Fraser University, has worked intensively on the comparative study in Salish languages. Her research includes the morphosyntactic analysis of verbal afffixes such as object agreement and transitive inflection.

Donna B. Gerdts, Ph.D. (1982) in Linguistics, University of California, San Diego, is Professor of Linguistics at Simon Fraser University. She has published extensively on the morphology, syntax, and semantics of Halkomelem Salish, based on over thirty years of fieldwork with elders in British Columbia.

Table of contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Chapter One Introduction
Chapter Two The Morphosyntax of Salish Applicatives
Chapter Three Relational Applicatives
Chapter Four Redirective Applicatives
Chapter Five Exceptional Applicative Suffixes
Chapter Six A Closer Look at Transitive Marking
Chapter Seven Combinatory Properties of Applicatives
Chapter Eight Discourse Functions of Salish Applicatives
Chapter Nine Cross-linguistic Perspectives
Chapter Ten Conclusion
Author Index
Language Index
Subject Index


All those interested in morphology, syntax, and semantics, indigenous languages of North America, historical linguistics, discourse analysis, and linguistic typology.


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