This study assembles and examines all available documentation on the first and second sangas of Šamaš of the Ebabbar temple in Old Babylonian Sippar as well as on those in the Edikuda temple in neighbouring Sippar-Amnānum. Their succession, family links and the length of their careers are discussed and newly completed drawings of their seals are provided, described and analyzed. The author addresses the evolving patterns of sealing and the changes in the seal legends, which yield information on the growing influence of the Marduk circles and thus of the kings of Babylon. The seal stones have been reconstructed from the impressions and conclusions are drawn concerning the choice of seal scenes by the different sangas as well as the use of family seals.
Michel R.R. Tanret, Ph.D. (1981) in Oriental Languages, Ghent University, is Professor of Assyriology and History of the Ancient Near East at the University of Ghent. He has published on the Old Babylonian period, especially on an archive of Chief Dirge Singers.
Table of contents
I. THE TEXTS AND THE SEALS
II. THE SEALS AND THE TEXTS
All those interested in (art) history of Mesopotamia, the study of ancient seals, the history of religious institutions, and the link between art and society.