Islamic thought is the most beautiful result of a multicultural dialogue. Islamic culture became a bridge between antiquity, Iranian scholars, Syriac and Arabic Christians and the Latin Middle Ages. Its richness of ideas, its plurality of values can contribute to the requirements of modern plurality. The monograph aims at a historical and bibliographical survey of the qurʾānic and rational world-view of early Islam, of the period of translations from Greek into Syriac and Arabic, and of the impact of Islamic thought on the Latin Middle Ages. Critical reflexions of Muslim scholars stimulated new scientific ideas and make us aware of the contribution of Islam to humanity.
Hans Daiber, Ph. D. (1968) in Oriental Studies, University of Saarbrücken, was professor of Oriental Studies in Amsterdam (1977-1995) and Frankfurt (1995-2010). He has published on Greek-Syriac-Arabic-Latin translations, on Arabic manuscripts and literature, on Islamic philosophy, theology and history of sciences.
Table of contents
1. The Qurʾānic Background of Rationalism in Early Islam
2. Theocracy Versus Individuality: The Dispute on Man’s Free Will and its Impact on a New Rational World-View in the 8th/9th Century
3. The Encounter of Islamic Rationalism with Greek Culture: The Translation Period and its Role in the Development of Islamic Philosophy
4. The Autonomy of Philosophy in Islam
5. The Encounter of Islamic Philosophy with European Thought: Latin Translations and Translators of Arabic Philosophical Texts and their Importance for Medieval European Philosophy. Survey and State of the Art
6. Assimilation of Islamic Philosophical Thought and Dissociation in the Latin Middle Ages: The Medieval European View of Islamic Philosophy as an Example of Dialogue and Misunderstanding
7. Islamic Roots of Knowledge in Europe
8. Manifestations of Islamic Thought in an Intertwined World: past and future tasks of their study
Index of Persons
Index of Themes and Topics
Index of Terms
Index of Modern Authors
Institutes, academic libraries, public libraries, specialists, students, educated laymen, etc. - A reference book for those interested in intellectual history, the history of Late Antiquity, classical philologists, theologians, Syrologists, Arabists and specialists of medieval philosophy.