This collection of essays provides an analysis of the dynamics of Civilizations. The processes of globalization and of world history are described from a comparative sociological point of view in a Weberian tradition. These essays were written between 1974 and 2002 by one of the most eminent sociologists of today.
Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Ph.D. (1947), Jerusalem, is Professor Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is member of many academies, recipient of honorary doctoral degrees of the Universities of Tel Aviv, Helsinki, Harvard, Duke and Hebrew Union College. Recipient of many prizes and awards, he is author of more than 50 books.
1. Introduction: Comparative Studies and Sociological Theory—From Comparative Studies to Civilizational Analysis: Autobiographical Notes I.
Theoretical Approach 2. The Civilizational Dimension in Sociological Analysis 3. Social division of labor, construction of centers and institutional dynamics: A reassessment of the structuralevolutionary perspective 4. Cultural Programs, the Construction of Collective Identities and the Continual Reconstruction of Primordiality 5. Some Observations on the Dynamics of Traditions 6. Comparative Liminality. Liminality and Dynamics of Civilizations II.
Axial Civilizations A. General Analysis 7. The Axial Age: The emergence of transcendental visions and the rise of clerics 8. Cultural traditions and political dynamics: the origins and modes of ideological politics 9. Transcendental vision, center formation and the role of intellectuals 10. Utopias and Dynamics of Civilizations: Some concluding observations
B. Analyses of Selected Axial Civilizations and of Japan 11. This-worldly transcendentalism and the structuring of the world: Weber’s “Religion of China” and the Format of Chinese History and Civilization 12. Some Observations on the transformation of Confucianism (and Buddhism) in Japan 13. A Short Comparative Excurse on the (Theravada) Buddhist Civilizational Format and Historical Experience 14. Cultural Traditions, Conceptions of Sovereignty and State Formations in India and Europe 15. The Crystallization of Christian Civilizations in Europe 16. The Jewish Historical Experience in the Framework of Comparative Universal History 17. Civil Society, Public Sphere, the Myth of Oriental Despotism and Political Dynamic in Islamic Societies 18. Japan and the multiplicity of cultural programmes of modernity 19. Some Comparative Indications about the Dynamics of Historical Axial and non-Axial Civilizations III.
Modernity as Civilization 20. The Civilizational Dimension of Modernity: Modernity as a Distinct Civilization 21. Multiple Modernities in an Age of Globalization 22. Multiple Modernities 23. Barbarism and Modernity: the Destructive Components of Modernity IV.
The Historical and Civilizational Framework of Western Modernity 24. Origins of the West. The origins of the West in recent Macrosociological Theory. The Protestant Ethic Reconsidered 25. Frameworks of the Great Revolutions: Culture, Social Structure, History and Human Agency 26. The Sectarian Origin of Modernity V.
Multiple Modernities A. The Classical Age of Modernity 27. The Breakdown and Transformation of Communist Regimes 28. The First Multiple Modernities: The civilization of the Americas 29. Mirror Image Modernities: Contrasting Religious Premises of Japanese and U.S. Modernity 30. Israeli Politics and the Jewish Political Tradition: Principled Political Anarchism and the Rule of the Court 31. The Puzzle of Indian Democracy 32. Center Formation and Protest Movements in Europe and the U.S.A.: Comparative Perspective 33. The Structuring of Social Protest in Modern Societies: The Limits and Direction of Convergence 34. Construction of Trust, Collective Identity and the Fragility and Continuity of Democratic Regimes
B. The Contemporary Scene 35. The Contemporary Scene: Beyond the Hegemony of the Nation and Revolutionary State Model 36. Globalization, civilizational traditions and multiple modernities 37. The Jacobin Component of Fundamentalist Movements 38. The Reconstruction of Religious Arenas in the Framework of Multiple Modernities S.N. Eisenstadt: List of Publications Index of Names Index of Subject