Church and State in Old and New Worlds


Church-state relations have always been important but the need for an historical re-evaluation has been heightened by recent developments in the relations between governments and religious bodies. Drawing on a wide range of historical case-studies this book focuses particularly on the way in which the traditional European Old World fusion of church and state was reshaped in the New World of European settler colonies of the United States, Australia and New Zealand. Its analysis illuminates both the historical dynamics of such changes and the way in which such developments continue to influence the conduct of church-state relations in both the Old and the New Worlds.
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Biographical Note

Hilary M. Carey is a professor of history at the University of Newcastle, NSW, Life Fellow of Clare Hall, Cambridge and former Keith Cameron Professor of Australian History at University College Dublin. Her most recent books are God’s Empire: Religion and Colonialism in the British World (Cambridge University Press, 2010), and the edited collection God’s Empire (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008). She also conducts research on this history of medieval astrology.

John Gascoigne took his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 1981 and is a professor of history at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. He is a former editor of the Journal of Religious History and his publications have dealt with the relations between science, religion and the Enlightenment. His most recent book, Captain Cook: Voyager between Worlds (Continuum, 2007), reflects his increasing interest in the history of exploration and culture contact in the age of the Enlightenment.

Contributors include John Gascoigne, Jared van Duinen, David Garrioch, John Moses, Stewart Jay Brown, David Cahill, Hilary Carey, Rowan Strong, Frank Lambert, John Stenhouse, John Murphy and Bruce Kaye.

Review Quotes

“A powerful and essential foundation for anyone wishing to understand the emergence of post-colonial churches … thoughtful and erudite.”
Philip Jenkins, Baylor University. In: Church History, Vol. 81, No. 3 (September 2012), p. 696.

“This volume […] is a mature and confident expression of the new historiography that takes religion and the Churches seriously both on their own terms and in their relations with the State.”
Peter Doll, Norwich Cathedral. In: The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 64, No. 4 (October 2013), p. 836.

Table of contents

Notes on contributors
Introduction:The rise and fall of Christendom
John Gascoigne and Hilary M. Carey

Part I: Old Worlds

The ironies of English Erastianism: Puritanism and the outbreak of the English Civil Wars
Jared van Duinen
The Protestant problem and church–state relations in Old Regime France
David Garrioch
Church and state in post-Reformation Germany, 1530-1914
John A. Moses
The broad church movement, national culture, and the established Churches of Great Britain, c. 1850-c. 1900
Stewart J. Brown

Part II: Imperial States
The crisis of ecclesiastical privilege in Spain and Spanish America: The question of insurgent clergy, 1780-1820
David Cahill
Gladstone, the colonial Church, and imperial state
Hilary M. Carey
The Church of England and the British imperial state: Anglican metropolitan sermons of the 1850s
Rowan Strong

Part III: New Worlds
Debating the US church–state boundary, then and now: Virginia as a case study
Frank Lambert
Church and state in New Zealand, 1835-1870: Religion, politics, and race
John Stenhouse
Church and state in the history of Australian welfare
John Murphy
From Anglican gaol to religious pluralism: Re-casting Anglican views of church and state in Australia
Bruce Kaye
Select Bibliography


All those interested in church-state relations, the history of religious institutions from the Middle Ages to the present and the consequences of European expansion and settlement in a global setting