Protecting Humanity

Essays in International Law and Policy in Honour of Navanethem Pillay

Navi Pillay is a modern icon in the world’s efforts to protect humanity through international law and policy. She played a leading role in the multi-national operation to clean up the humanitarian dross left on the essence of modern civilization by the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. Her contributions in that effort were in virtue of her role as a judge—and, eventually, as the President—of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. From there, she went on to serve as one of the first appeal judges at the newly established International Criminal Court—another international endeavour aimed at protecting humanity through law. In time, she was fittingly appointed the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, just ahead of a call to honour her with a book of essays in international law and policy, for the contributions that she had already made in the international enterprise of protecting humanity.

Inspired by Pillay, some of the modern legends and experts in international law and policy have, in this volume, shared their experiences and thoughts on how better to protect humanity in our time. In the book, we read the wise words of Nobel laureates and other envoys of peace, renowned international judges and famous scholars, as well as those of energetic younger minds with great promise.

Some chapters are in French.
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Biographical Note

Chile Eboe-Osuji is an international lawyer. He is a member of the legal profession in Nigeria and Canada, and has practised as a barrister in both countries. He has served as a senior prosecutor at both the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the Special Court for Sierra Leone, as well as in a senior legal advisory capacity at the ICTR. He has taught international criminal law at the University of Ottawa. He has written widely in international law, with particular reference to criminal law, humanitarian law, and human rights law. He is married with three children.

Review Quotes

"... Eboe-Osuji skillfully illuminates many of the weaknesses in the present jurisprudence surrounding sexual violence, while also recognizing the significant advances made by international criminal tribunals in this area since the 1990s. The book will likely be of significant use not only to prosecutors, judges, and defense counsel who practice in the trenches of international criminal law, but also to scholars who stand to benefit from an insider's account of the various procedural, evidentiary, and doctrinal challenges that tribunals face in enforcing laws against sexual violence during armed conflict."
Jide Nzelibe, American Journal of International Law 31 (2013), p. 55-57.

Table of contents

Foreword; Acknowledgments; Contributors;
Part I. Navi Pillay
1. Navi Pillay in Her Age ( Chile Eboe-Osuji);
2. Navi Pillay: Overcoming the Odds ( Vinodh Jaichand);
3. On the Bench with Navi ( Erik Møse);
4. Navanethem Pillay: A Short Biography ( Sugan Naidoo);
5. Navi Pillay: Up Close and Personal ( Jessica Neuwirth);
Part II. International Policy in the Modern Age
6. Can the International Community Meet the Challenges Ahead of Us? ( Marti Ahtisaari);
7. Hate Speech and the Rwanda Genocide: ICTR jurisprudence and its implications ( Dennis C M Byron);
8. The Future of Global Governance and the Role of Multilateral Organizations ( Jan Egeland);
9. Sixty Years of the Declaration of Human Rights: Theory and Reality in the Pursuit of the United Nations Agenda ( Ibrahim Gambari);
10. Do the Principles and Practice of Red Cross Neutrality Meet the Necessities of Today’s Humanitarian Action? ( Sven Mollekleiv);
11. Les droits de l’homme dans le processus de la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs ( Mutoy Mubiala);
Part III. Women and Children in International Criminal Justice
12. Lessons Learned in Prosecuting Gender Crimes under International Law: Experiences from the ICTY ( Serge Brammertz and Michelle Jarvis);
13. Guerres, femmes et droit: Les crimes de guerre, crimes d’agression, crimes de génocide et crimes contre l’humanité ( Fatoumata Diarra);
14. Rape and Superior Responsibility: International Criminal Law in Need of Adjustment ( Chile Eboe-Osuji);
15. The Genocide Convention’s Protected Groups: a Place for Gender? ( Kate Grady);
16. Prosecuting Sexual Violence at the ICTR ( Alice Leroy-Hajee);
17. The Nairobi Declaration: A Gendered Paradigm for Post-Conflict Reparations ( Amy Senier);
18. Prosecuting Gender Based and Sexual Crimes against Women: The Role of the International Courts and Criminal Tribunals ( Inés Weinberg de Roca)
19. Why a Child is Not a Soldier ( Simon O’Connor)
Part IV. Administration of International Justice
20. Continuing or Recommencing Proceedings before the ICTR in the Absence of a Judge: Overviews of Comparison with ICTY, SCSL and ICC ( Koffi Kumelio A Afande);
21. A critique of the East African Court of Justice as a Human Rights Court ( Solomy Balungi Bossa);
22. The Challenge of ‘Firsts’ in International Criminal Justice: First Courts, First Judges, and Issues of First Impression ( Linda E Carter);
23. The Development of International Criminal Law ( Roger S Clark);
24. The ‘Other’ Milošević Case: The Prosecutor versus Serbia and Montenegro in re Production of Documents in Prosecutor v. Slobodan Milošević ( Grant Dawson);
25. Anatomie des juridictions internationales ( Adama Dieng);
26. The Trusted Cause: A Reflective Legal Comment on the Development of International Legal Procedural Law in International Criminal Tribunals ( Frederik Harhoff);
27. Confronting Myths about the International Criminal Court and its Work in Africa ( Max du Plessis);
28. The International Criminal Court on Trial ( Charles Chenor Jalloh);
29. The Right to a Fair Trial in International Criminal Law ( Segun Jegede);
30. The Challenges of Relocating Persons Acquitted by the ICTR ( Mame Mandiaye Niang and Chiara Biagioni);
31. Development and Interpretation of Principles of Reparation: The Case Law of the IACHR and its Possible Contributions to the Jurisprudence of the ICC ( Elizabeth Odion Benito);
32. Reflections on the Independence and Impartiality of International Judges ( Fausto Pocar);
33. Judicial Independence and the Rule of Law ( Patrick Robinson);
34. International Justice after Closure of the Ad Hoc Tribunals ( Stephen J Rapp);
35. Trial in Absentia at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ( Peter Robinson);
36. L’outrage au Tribunal devant les deux Tribunaux ad hoc, le Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda et le Tribunal pénal international pour l’ex-Yougoslavie ( Aurélie Vernichon);
37. Gravity and the International Criminal Court ( William A Schabas);
38. Human Rights in Proceedings before the International Criminal Tribunals ( Wolfgang Schomburg and Matthias Schuster);
Part V. Criminal Responsibility in International Law
39. The Immunity of Heads of State and Government in International Criminal Law ( Antoine Kesia-Mbe Mindua);
40. Which Immunity for Human Rights Atrocities? ( Jo Stigen);
41. Collateral Damage: A Dangerous Omission in the Law of Armed Conflicts (Alex Obote-Odora);
42. An Examination of Superior Responsibility in the Statute of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon ( Alison McFarlane);
43. Command Responsibility and the Principle of Individual Criminal Responsibility: a Critical Analysis of International Jurisprudence ( Nicholas Tsagourias);
44. Nigeria’s Jurisdiction to Prosecute Johnny Paul Koroma for War Crimes Committed in Sierra Leone ( Chile Eboe-Osuji and Angela Nworgu);

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