John Buridan Quaestiones super libros De generatione et corruptione Aristotelis

A Critical Edition with an Introduction

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John Buridan (d. 1361) was one of the most talented and influential philosophers of the late Middle Ages. His fame extended far into the seventeenth century and underwent a revival in the twentieth century, when the French physicist Pierre Duhem rediscovered his manuscripts and wrote studies about them. So far, very few of Buridan's works have been edited. Two different questions commentaries on Aristotle's De generatione et corruptione by Buridan have been preserved. They originated in his classroom. Neither of them has ever been edited. This book presents a critical edition of the question commentary that survived in the greater number of manuscripts, and which was particularly popular at Central European universities.

Medieval and Early Modern Science, 14
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Biographical Note

Michiel Streijger, Ph.D. (2008) in Philosophy, Radboud University Nijmegen, studied Classics and Philosophy. At present he is teacher in classics at the Gymnasium Juvenaat in Bergen op Zoom.

Paul J.J.M. Bakker is professor of Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy at Radboud University Nijmegen. His research focuses on the tradition of commentaries on Aristotle’s De anima from the late Middle Ages until the seventeenth century.

Johannes M.M.H. Thijssen is professor of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy at Radboud University Nijmegen. His research interests are in the history of philosophy and science.

Review Quotes

...Buridan’s text at long last available to a larger population of historians of medieval philosophy and science.
Peter G. Sobol, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 50:1 january 2012, pp. 140-141

Table of contents

Preface
Introduction

1. Life and works
2. John Buridan’scommentaries on Aristotle’s De generatione et corruption
2.1.1 The Expositio ofAristotle’s De generatione et corruption
2.2 The Quaestiones super libros De generatione et corruptione.
2.2.1 Version A
2.2.2 Version B
2.2.2.1 Description of the manuscripts
2.2.2.2 The manuscript tradition
3. The edition
4. Bibliography

QUAESTIONES SUPER LIBROS
DE GENERATIONE ET CORRUPTIONE ARISTOTELIS

LIBER I
1. Utrum de generabilibus et corruptibilibus sit scientia
2. Utrum ad corruptionem rerum corruptibilium corrumpatur scientia de eis
3. Utrum vox significet idem re existente et corrupta
4. Utrum si impossibile est elementa generari, impossibile est ea alterari 5. Utrum corpus sit divisibile secundum quodlibet signum eius et secundum quemlibet punctum eius
6. Utrum possible est aliquid simpliciter generari
7. Utrum omnis generatio unius sit corruption alterius
8. Utrum inanimate sit alia forma substantialis ab anima
9. Utrum omnis generatio differt ab alteratione
10. Utrum illa descriptio generationis est bona in qua dicitur ‘generatio est transmutatio totius in totum non manente aliquo sensibili’
11. Utrum rarefactio sit proprie augmentatio
12. Utrum in augmentatione viventis cibus augetur vel corpus animatum
13. Utrum id quodaugetur manet simpliciter idem ante et post
14. Utrum eius quod augetur quaelibet pars augeatur
15. Utrum augmentatio fiat secundum partes formales et non secundum partes materiales
16. Utrum augmentatio sit motus proprie, distinctus a motu locali, abalteratione et a generatione substantiali
17. Utrum omne animatum quamdiu vivit nutritur, sednon quamdiu vivit augetur
18. Utrum omne agens in aliquod passum tangat illud passum
19. Utrum omne agens agendo repatiatur et omne passum patiendo reagat
20. Utrum possibile est esse actionem abaequalitate vel etiam a proportione minoris inaequalitatis
21. Utrum formae substantiales elementorum suscipiunt magis et minus 22. Utrum formae substantiales elementorum maneant in mixto
23. Utrum mixtio sit possibilis
24. Utrum quod est simpliciter corruptum possit reverti idem in numero

LIBER II
1. Utrum tantum sint quattuor primae qualitates
2. Utrum quattuor primarum qualitatum duae sunt activae, scilicet calidum et frigidum, et duae passivae, scilicet humidum et siccum
3. Utrum sint quattuor elementa et non plura
4. Utrum ignis sit contraries aquae et aer terrae
5. Utrum aqua sit primo frigida
6. Utrum caliditas aeris et caliditas ignis sunt eiusdem rationis sive eiusdem speciei, differentes solum secundum intensius et remissius
7. Utrum qualitas symbola maneat eadem in generato quae fuit in corrupto
8. Utrum elementa habentia symbolum facilius et citius transmutentur ad invicem quam non habentia
9. Utrum quaelibet duo elementa non habentia symbolum possent transmutari inquodlibet tertium elementum et quod habentia symbolum non possent sic transmutari ad tertium
10. Utrum omne mixtum quod est circa medium locum sit compositum ex omnibus simplicibus
11. Utrum possible sit esse aliquod mixtum simpliciter et perfecte temperatum
12. Utrum calidum, frigidum, humidum et siccum, id est quattuor primae qualitates, sint principalia agentia in generatione mixtorum
13. Utrum sint generations et corruptions perpetuae
14. Utrum possint perpetuari in hoc mundo generations et corruptiones, si non essent plures motus caelestes

Index Nominum
Index Locorum

Readership

All those interested in the history of (medieval) philosophy and science who wish to study the original source texts.

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