Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim and Samaria between Antiochus III and Antiochus IV Epiphanes


The theme of the book stands on the intersection of epigraphy and historical research: the Aramaic and Hebrew inscriptions discovered in the vicinity of the Yahwistic sanctuary on Mt. Gerizim and their historical background. The study addresses the evidence from three perspectives: the paleography and dating of the inscriptions; the identity of the community who carved them and its institutions; and, finally, the larger historical and political context in which the inscriptions were produced. This book is particularly useful for historians of Palestine in the Second Temple period, for biblical scholars, and for those dealing with Aramaic and Hebrew paleography and epigraphy.

"Dušek’s book balances skilfully between epigraphy and historical research."
Alinda Damsma, University College London

"...this book largely succeeds in its aims, providing an impressively erudite, fascinatingly detailed reconstruction of the historical, economic, and social contexts of the inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim." Jeremy M. Hutton, University of Wisconsin – Madison
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EUR €110.00USD $148.00

Biographical Note

Jan Dušek, Ph.D. (2005) in History and Archaeology of Ancient Worlds, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, works as researcher at the Centre for Biblical Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the Charles University in Prague. He has published on the history of Samaria including Les manuscrits araméens du Wadi Daliyeh et la Samarie vers 450-332 av. J.-C. (Brill, 2007).

Table of contents

I. Scripts of the inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim
1. Temple-city on Mt. Gerizim
2. Scripts used on Mt. Gerizim
3. Aramaic cursive script
4. Aramaic monumental script
5. Mixed script
6. Spelling with dalet or zayin
7. Ruling of Aramaic inscriptions
8. Mistakes and unusual spelling
9. Paleo-Hebrew fragments
10. Conclusion
II. Identity
1. Samaria in the Hellenistic period
2. Identity of worshippers of Yahweh in Samaria
3. Religious institutions in Hellenistic Samaria
4. Texts used by the Samarian Yahwists: Pentateuch
5. Samarian Yahwists as foreigners in the Jewish society
6. Date and circumstances of the exclusion: the case of Sidonians in Shechem
7. Conclusion
III. Southern Levant between Antiochus III and Antiochus IV Epiphanes
1. Ant. 12.129-236: Seleucids, Ptolemies and Tobiads
2. Chronology of Josephus in Ant. 12.129-236
3. Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings in Ant. 12.129-236
4. The dotal agreement (Ant. 12.154-155)
5. The Tobiads
6. High-priests in Jerusalem
7. Conclusion
General Conclusion
Appendix I: Aramaic script from Mt. Gerizim
Appendix II
1. Aramaic cursive inscriptions from 3rd to 1st centuries BCE
2. Aramaic inscriptions in monumental style


All those interested in the history of Palestine in the Hellenistic period, Aramaic and Hebrew epigraphy, Hebrew Bible and the history of religions.


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