The Indian Army in the Two World Wars


Editor: Kaushik Roy
There is no single volume which covers the Indian Army’s experiences during the two World Wars. And this is what the present edited volume attempts to do. This collection of 17 essays analyze the army as an institution and also touch upon the cultural ethos of the army and related social issues. Thus, this edited volume is a cross between ‘traditional military history’ (study of campaigns, tactics, leadership) and ‘new military history’ (impact of warfare on society and culture). While some of the essays take a pan Indian perspective, a few essays also focus on those regions within India (like Punjab) which were intimately related with the army. A few contributors also turn the spotlight on the overseas theatres like Mesopotamia, France and Burma, where the Indian Army played a very important role.
Contributors are Alan Jeffreys, Andrew Syk, Daniel Marston, David Kenyon, Dennis Showalter, Gajendra Singh, Gavin Rand, James Kitchen, Nick Lloyd, Nikolas Gardner, Rajit K. Mazumder, Raymond Callahan, Rob Johnson, Ross Anderson, Tarak Barkawi and Tim Moreman.
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Biographical Note

Kaushik Roy, Ph.D. (2001) in History, Jawaharlal Nehru University, is Reader of History at Jadavpur University and Senior Researcher at the Centre for the Study of Civil War at Peace Research Institute Oslo. Kaushik Roy has written and edited fourteen books and forty-three essays in various peer reviewed journals and edited volumes.

Table of contents

List of Maps ... ix
Preface ... xi
List of Abbreviations ... xiii
Glossary ... xvii
Notes on Contributors ... xxi

Introduction: Warfare, Society and the Indian Army during the Two World Wars ... 1
Kaushik Roy

1. The Indian Cavalry Divisions in Somme: 1916 ... 33
David Kenyon
2. Command in the Indian Expeditionary Force D: Mesopotamia, 1915–16 ... 63
Andrew Syk
3. Logistics of the Indian Expeditionary Force D in Mesopotamia: 1914–18 ... 105
Ross Anderson
4. The Indianization of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, 1917–18: An Imperial Turning Point ... 145
Dennis Showalter
5. The Indianization of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force: Palestine 1918 ... 165
James Kitchen
6. Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War ... 191
Kaushik Roy
7. From the Desert Sands to the Burmese Jungle: The Indian Army and the Lessons of North Africa, September 1939–November 1942 ... 223
Tim Moreman
8. The War in Burma, 1942–1945: The 7/10th Baluch Experience ... 255
Daniel Marston
9. The Officer Corps and the Training of the Indian Army with Special Reference to Lieutenant-General Francis Tuker ... 285
Alan Jeffreys
10. The Prime Minister and the Indian Army’s Last War ... 311
Raymond Callahan

11. The Indian Army and Civil Disorder: 1919–22 ... 335
Nick Lloyd
12. The Indian Army and Internal Security: 1919–46 ... 359
Rob Johnson


All those interested in British imperial history, modern Indian history, and history of modern warfare, especially in the two World Wars.