This book conceptualizes integration and conflict as interrelated dimensions of social interaction, social relationships and alliances, identifications and identity constructions within society at large. In order to reach an in-depth understanding of integrative and violent forms of interaction in the region of the Upper Guinea Coast, authors take into account the impact and repercussions of specific historical experiences as well as the continuities and changes of social patterns affected by the interaction of local and globalized values, institutions, and models of social organization. Rather than providing an(other) analysis of wars and violence as such, contributors aim at a better understanding of the social mechanisms that affect both the processes of integration and conflict at the local, national and regional levels.
Jacqueline Knörr (PhD 1994, Bayreuth; Habilitation 2006, Halle/Saale) is an anthropologist and head of the research group “Integration and Conflict along the Upper Guinea Coast” at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, Germany. She has done extensive field research in West Africa, Indonesia and Germany and has published widely on identity in postcolonial contexts, creolization and creoleness, childhood and migration, initiation and identity, and on expatriate communities. Regionally her research focusses on West Africa, Indonesia and Germany
Wilson Trajano Filho (PhD 1998, University of Pennsylvania) is Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology at the University of Brasilia in Brasil. His research concentrates on processes of creolization, the role of creole groups in nation-building, the history of (Portuguese) colonialism and popular culture in Africa and Brazil. He has published widely on these themes and has conducted extensive field research in Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and Sao Tome.
In: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.) 18:2, 466-510
'.......The chapters (by anthropologists David Berliner, James Fairhead, Christian Højbjerg, William Murphy, Krijn Peters, Ramon Sarró, Susan Shepler, and Elizabeth Tonkin, and historians Stephen Ellis, Bruce Mouser, Peter Mark, and Jodi Tomàs, plus the editors) are individually strong. Important new insights are frequent. Among the highlights on the anthropological side is a splendid essay by Ramon Sarró showing that identity among the
Baga of the coast of Guinea is at any one point in time the product of temporally and spatially variable processes of social incorporation and exclusion. This should be mandatory reading for any manipulator of a ‘large N’ conflict data set inclined to code ‘ethnicity’ as a single variable.
Excellent contributions by the historians include an especially significant chapter by Stephen Ellis on Liberian politics, since it expands and modifies his widely discussed earlier arguments about violence and the occult.
Space excludes further discussion of admirable contributions by Wilson Trajano Filho, Bruce Mouser, Krin Peters, and others, but it is safe to say that no anthropologist or historian interested in modern Africa or armed conflict and violence will want to be without this collection'......
Paul Richards Wageningen University and Research Centre,
Table of contents
List of Maps
List of Contributors
Introduction Jacqueline Knörr & Wilson Trajano Filho
Patrimonial Logic of Centrifugal Forces in the Political History of the Upper Guinea Coast William P. Murphy
Insurrection as Socioeconomic Change: Three Rebellions in Guinea/Sierra Leone in the Eighteenth Century
Kouankan and the Guinea-Liberian Border
A Saucy Town? Regional Histories of Conflict, Collusion, and Commerce in the Making of a Southeastern
‘Traditional’ Jola Peacemaking: From the Perspectives of an Historian and an Anthropologist
Peter Mark & Jordi Tomàs
REVISITING THE POLITICS OF ELITE CULTURE
The Creole Idea of Nation and its Predicaments: The Case of Guinea-Bissau
Wilson Trajano Filho
The Mutual Assimilation of Elites: The Development of Secret Societies in Twentieth Century Liberian Politics
Out of Hiding? Strategies of Empowering the Past in the Reconstruction of Krio Identity
THE POWER AND POLITICS OF MEMORIES
Map and Territory: The Politics of Place and Autochthony among Baga Sitem (and their Neighbours)
The Invention of Bulongic Identity (Guinea-Conakry)
Victims and Heroes: Manding Historical Imagination in a Conflict-ridden Border Region (Liberia-Guinea)
Christian K. Højbjerg
CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN INTERGENERATIONAL AND GENDER RELATIONS
Are ‘Child Soldiers’ in Sierra Leone a New Phenomenon?
Generating Rebels and Soldiers: On the Socio-Economic Crisis of Rural Youth in Sierra Leone before the War
All those interested in processes of integration and conflict, the anthropology and history of Africa, postcolonial societies, and political anthropology.