Brill's Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World (2 vols.)


CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014
Library Journal Best Print Reference Selection 2014

With its striking range and penetrating depth, Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World traces the enduring history and broad cultural influence of Neo-Latin, the form of Latin that originated in the Italian Renaissance and persists to the modern era. Featuring original contributions by a host of distinguished international scholars, this 800,000 word two-volume work explores every aspect of the civilized world from literature and law to philosophy and the sciences. An invaluable resource for both the advanced scholar and the graduate student.

The Encyclopaedia is also available ONLINE.

Contributors are: Monica Azzolini, Irena Backus, Jon Balserak, Ann Blair, Jan Bloemendal, David Butterfield, Isabelle Charmantier, John Considine, Alejandro Coroleu, Ricardo da Cunha Lima, Susanna de Beer, Erik De Bom, Jeanine De Landtsheer, Tom Deneire, Ingrid De Smet, Karl Enenkel, Charles Fantazzi, Mathieu Ferrand, Roger Fisher, Philip Ford, Raphaele Garrod, Guido Giglioni, Roger Green, Yasmin Haskell, Hans Helander, Lex Hermans, Louise Hill Curth, Leofranc Holford-Strevens, Brenda Hosington, Erika Jurikova, Craig Kallendorf, Jill Kraye, Andrew Laird, Han Lamers, Marc Laureys, Jeltine Ledegang-Keegstra, Jan Machielsen, Peter Mack, David Marsh, Dustin Mengelkoch, Milena Minkova, David Money, Jennifer Morrish Tunberg, Adam Mosley, Ann Moss, Monique Mund-Dopchie, Colette Nativel, Lodi Nauta, Henk Nellen, Gideon Nisbet, Richard Oosterhoff, Marianne Pade, Jan Papy, David Porter, Johann Ramminger, Jennifer Rampling, Rudolf Rasch, Karen Reeds, Valery Rees, Bettina Reitz-Joosse, Stella Revard, Dirk Sacré, Gerald Sandy, Minna Skafte Jensen, Carl Springer, Gorana Stepanić, Harry Stevenson, Jane Stevenson, Andrew Taylor, Nikolaus Thurn, Johannes Trapman, Terence Tunberg, Piotr Urbański, Wiep van Bunge, Harm-Jan van Dam, Demmy Verbeke, Zweder von Martels, Maia Wellington Gahtan, and Paul White.


EUR €436.00USD $505.00

Biographical Note

Philip Ford, Ph.D. (1977), University of Cambridge, was Professor of French and Neo-Latin Literature at Clare College. He published five monographs, two critical editions, and numerous articles; he was also the editor or co-editor of a staggering fourteen collective volumes, including the Cambridge French Colloquia series. His last monograph is The Judgment of Palaemon: The Contest between Neo-Latin and Vernacular Poetry in Renaissance France (Brill, 2013). From 2006 to 2009, he served as President of the International Association for Neo-Latin Studies. He died on 8 April 2013. Jan Bloemendal, Ph.D. (1997) in Classics, Utrecht University studied Classics, Dutch literature and theology. He is a Senior Researcher at the Huygens Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, The Hague. He has published on Neo-Latin and Dutch drama, classical reception, poetics, emblems, and Erasmus. Recently he edited, with Howard B. Norland, Neo-Latin Drama and Theatre in Early Modern Europe (Brill, 2013). Charles Fantazzi, Ph.D. (1964) in Comparative Literature, Harvard University, is Thomas Harriot Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Classics, East Carolina University. He has published several critical editions and translations of Juan Luis Vives and is translator and editor for the Toronto Collected Works of Erasmus.

Review Quote

“The 1,240 pages of Brill’s Encyclopaedia have entries, by nearly eighty contributors, for almost all conceivable aspects of Neo-Latin language, literature and culture. … It will be an indispensable starting point for future students and scholars, at a time when the vast and largely unexplored continent of early modern Neo-Latin is becoming increasingly accessible.” Philip Hardie, University of Cambridge. In: The Times Literary Supplement, 13 February 2015. “The longer essays provide excellent overviews of major topics; the short entries offer basic reference information. Both include bibliographies for further reading. Anyone interested in the Latin language, early modern history and literature, classical studies, book history, theology, or legal history will find this an indispensable reference work. Summing up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty.” Fred W. Jenkins, University of Dayton, Ohio. In: CHOICE, Vol. 52, No. 2 (October 2014). “ Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is a marvel. A collaborative reference work featuring contributions from seventy-nine different scholars, it manages both to provide an overview of the complex (and to our minds, frequently alien) world of Latin culture and scholarship from the Renaissance down to the present day, and to create a repository of historical, contextual, and literary research that will shape the direction of international Neo-Latin studies for the foreseeable future. […] What has been created by the editors is nothing short of the defining work of a field in rude health, and a marker that will direct the future of the discipline.” Steven J. Reid, University of Glasgow. In: Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 2 (Summer 2015), pp. 625-627. “ Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World represents a substantial and substantive publication. Those new to the vibrant and vital world of neo-Latin culture will find it an encouraging and accessible starting point for an array of subjects. For more hardened scholars, it will serve as a ready and practical source of reference.” Patrick J. Murray, University of Glasgow. In: Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2 (2015), pp. 444-446. “ Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is a splendid resource and will be of enormous benefit to everyone working in this field, as well as—perhaps even more so—to many students and scholars of the Renaissance and early modern period who do not consider themselves Neo-Latinists. Immediately upon publication it has become the inevitable starting-point for any fresh project, and an essential purchase for research libraries.” Victoria Moul, King’s College, London. In: Neo-Latin News, Vol. 63, Nos. 3 & 4 (Fall-Winter 2015), pp. 199-203. “The amount of information brought together here on a vast breadth of subjects over long periods of history is prodigious. […] what is presented here is information and scholarship of a very high value across a very wide range of disciplines”. Stuart James, formerly University Librarian, University of Paisley, UK. In: Reference Reviews, Vol. 29, No. 2 (2015), pp. 25-26. “The Brill Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is a heavyweight contender […]. It is judiciously arranged, opening with clear discussions on the grammatical and linguistic character of neo-Latin, devoting a section to issues of transmission and editing in early print culture, and then progressing by discipline and genre. Space is also given to the spread of neo-Latin beyond Europe.” David Rundle, University of Oxford. In: Renaissance Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (February 2017), pp. 146-148. First published online 7 September 2015. “a monumental achievement … In an age of numerous handbooks and encyclopedias of questionable value, this contribution to the field of Neo-Latin is an outstanding resource for both students and scholars.“ John T. Slotemaker, Fairfield University. In: Religious Studies Review, Vol. 41, No. 2 (June 2015), pp. 86-87. “one cannot but praise the enthusiasm and expertise of the many scholars involved [...]. The Encyclopaedia is a great work“. Reinhold F. Glei, Ruhr-Universität Bochum. In: Medievalia et Humanistica, New Series, No. 42 (2017), pp. 94-97. “In 1973 the late Jozef IJsewijn met with a group of like-minded scholars in Louvain and founded the International Association of Neo-Latin Studies. He also edited the first Companion to Neo-Latin Studies, which was published in 1977 and revised in 1990 and 1998. This new reference builds on that tradition and with 800,000 words is almost double the size of the last revision. ... Influenced by the rediscovery of ancient texts, especially Cicero’s letters, Neo-Latin was an attempt to write Latin as it was written by the 'best authors of antiquity.' It began to lose its position as a universal language at the end of the 17th century, although it continued to be used in the Catholic Church until 1962.” Brian E. Coutts & Cynthia Etkin, in: Library Journal, February 25, 2015. “Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is an essential reference work for anyone interested in discovering how the Latin language continued to be an important medium for intellectual treatises, creative writing, and cultural transmission throughout Europe and beyond in the centuries since Petrarch. Sixty-six large survey articles offer fresh perspectives on a wide range of topics, including conversational Latin, women’s education, and Latin law. More than twice as many shorter entries focus on diverse subjects such as major writers, Latin literature written in various countries, centers of printing and publishing, and the pioneering work done by modern scholars in what was then the emerging field of Neo-Latin Studies. The encyclopaedia continues the Neo-Latin tradition of international collaboration, scholarship, and publishing.” Anne-Marie Lewis, York University, Canada. President, American Association for Neo-Latin Studies. “ Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World is both an excellent guide for further research and an imposing statement of what has so far been achieved.” Per Pippin Aspaas, The Arctic University of Norway. In: Sjuttonhundratal: Nordic Yearbook for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 12 (2015), pp. 257-259. “Ein monumentales Unternehmen […]. Die Vielfalt der präsentierten Ansätze [ist] beeindruckend, der ambitionierte Versuch, in Quer- und Längsschnitten die Welt des Neu-Lateins möglichst vollständig zu erfassen, ist rundum geglückt. Viele Themenbereiche laden ein zum Nachschlagen, Staunen und Schmökern, sie machen neugierig auf bislang wenig erforschte oder gar neu zu entdeckende Wissenskontinente. Studierenden, Forschern und wißbegierigen Lesern aller Arten bieten die kürzeren, essayistischen Texte ebenso wie die umfangreichen Abhandlungen konkrete Fakten, präzise Entwürfe und reichlich Gedankenfutter.” Elisabeth Stein, Bergische Universität Wuppertal. In: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, Jg. 45 (2016), pp. 28-29.

Table of contents

Preface Jan Bloemendal, Charles Fantazzi, Craig Kallendorf About the Authors List of Illustrations MACROPAEDIA Part I Language and Education 1 From Mediaeval Latin to Neo-Latin Marianne Pade 2 Neo-Latin: Character and Development Johann Ramminger 3 On Neologisms in Neo-Latin Hans Helander 4 Neo-Latin and Renaissance Schools Peter Mack 5 Neo-Latin Prosody and Versification Philip J. Ford 6 Conversational Latin to 1650 Terence Tunberg 7 Conversational Latin: 1650 to the Present Milena Minkova 8 Women’s Education Jane Stevenson 9 Revival of Classical Texts Charles Fantazzi 10 Hellenism Gerald Sandy 11 Translation and Neo-Latin Brenda M. Hosington 12 Imitation, Emulation, Ciceronianism, Anti-Ciceronianism Charles Fantazzi 13 Neo-Latin Prose Style (from Petrarch to c. 1650) Terence Tunberg 14 Pronunciation of Latin Dirk Sacré Part II Latin and Printing 15 Humanist Printers Paul White 16 Philology: Editions and Editorial Practices in the Early Modern Period Jan Bloemendal and Henk J.M. Nellen 17 The Neo-Latin Commentary Karl A. E. Enenkel 18 Textual Transaction and Transformation in the Renaissance Printed Book Andrew Taylor 19 Commonplace Books Ann Moss 20 Encyclopaedias and Dictionaries John Considine 21 Fifteenth-Century Humanist Manuscript Production Dustin Mengelkoch Part III Latin and the Vernacular 22 Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Prose Tom Deneire 23 Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Poetry Nikolaus Thurn Part IV Neo-Latin Literature 24 Neo-Latin Literary Genres and the Classical Tradition: Adaptation and Inventions Jan Bloemendal Prose 25 Neo-Latin Fiction Jennifer Morrish Tunberg 26 Neo-Latin Prose Satire David A. Porter 27 Letters Jeanine De Landtsheer 28 Neo-Latin ‘Essays’: An Absent Genre that is Omnipresent Jan Papy 29 The Theory and Practice of History in Neo-Latin Literature Marc Laureys Poetry 30 Epigrams—The Classical Tradition Gideon Nisbet 31 Elegiac Poetry Susanna de Beer 32 Neo-Latin Lyric Poetry in the Renaissance Stella P. Revard 33 Satire David Marsh 34 Pastoral David Marsh 35 The Classification of Neo-Latin Didactic Poetry from the Fifteenth to Nineteenth Centuries Yasmin Haskell 36 The Neo-Latin Epic Craig Kallendorf 37 Poetic Psalm Paraphrases Roger P. H. Green Drama 38 Neo-Latin Drama Jan Bloemendal Erotic Literature 39 Neo-Latin Erotic and Pornographic Literature (c. 1400-c. 1700) Karl A. E. Enenkel Part V Latin and the Arts 40 Classicising the Unclassical: The Challenge of Music Theory Leofranc Holford-Strevens 41 Latin Words to Music Rudolf Rasch 42 Neo-Latin and the Visual Arts in Italy Maia Wellington Gahtan 43 Neo-Latin and the Plastic Arts in Northern Europe Colette Nativel 44 Architecture Lex Hermans Part VI Latin and Philosophy 45 Aristotelianism and Scholasticism Raphaele Garrod 46 Ficino and Neo-Platonism Valery Rees 47 Epicureanism and the Other Hellenistic Philosophies Jill Kraye 48 Political Philosophy Erik De Bom 49 Early Modern Philosophical Systems Wiep van Bunge Part VII Latin and the Sciences 50 Astronomy and Astrology Monica Azzolini and Adam Mosley 51 Medicine Guido Giglioni 52 Neo-Latin Mathematics Richard J. Oosterhoff 53 From Alchemy to Chemistry Jennifer M. Rampling Part VIII Latin and the Church 54 Theological Discourse Jon Balserak 55 Patristics Irena Backus 56 The Reformation Carl P. E. Springer 57 Counter-Reformation Jan Machielsen 58 The Passion(s) of Jesuit Latin Yasmin Haskell Part IX Latin and Law 59 Law Latin and English Law Roger S. Fisher Part X Latin and the New World 60 Cosmography and Exploration Monique Mund-Dopchie 61 Latin in Latin America Andrew Laird 62 Neo-Latin in North America Ann Blair 63 Asia Zweder von Martels Part XI Neo-Latin: The Twilight Years 64 Neo-Latin Verse in the Twilight Years (1700-Present) David Money 65 Neo-Latin Prose in the Twilight Years (1700-Present) Dirk Sacré Part XII History of Neo-Latin Studies 66 History of Neo-Latin Studies Demmy Verbeke MICROPAEDIA Adversaria, Annotationes, Miscellanea Harm-Jan van Dam Alberti, Leon Battista Lex Hermans Architectural Theory and the Church Lex Hermans Bembo, Pietro Charles Fantazzi Beza, Theodorus Jeltine L. R. Ledegang-Keegstra Bibliothecae (Hispanic) Andrew Laird Book Hunting Dustin Mengelkoch Borrowings from Ancient Geography: Transmission or Treason Monique Mund-Dopchie Botany Karen Reeds and Isabelle Charmantier Bruni—De interpretatione recta Marianne Pade Bude, Guillaume Gerald Sandy Calvin, John Carl P. E. Springer Coins and Medals Dirk Sacre Commentaries on the Bible and Patristics Jon Balserak Commonplace Books: Major Items in Print Ann Moss Controversy of the Indies Andrew Laird The Curriculum of the College de Guyenne (1583) Raphaele Garrod Descartes, René Ann Blair Diplomacy and Court Culture Erik De Bom Editing Neo-Latin texts: Editorial Principles; Spelling and Punctuation Tom Deneire Education—Desiderius Erasmus Charles Fantazzi Education—Juan Luis Vives Charles Fantazzi Educational Treatises from Italy Craig Kallendorf Ekphrasis (and Art) Maia Wellington Gahtan Emblems Karl A. E. Enenkel Epigrams and Epitaphs (on Art and Artists) Maia Wellington Gahtan Erasmus—The Adagia, and the Assimilation of the Literary Culture of Classical Antiquity Andrew Taylor Erasmus—The Praise of Folly Johannes Trapman Erasmus—Theological Writings Carl P. E. Springer Ficino, Marsilio Valery Rees Gassendi, Pierre Irena Backus Gessner, Conrad Ann Blair Gradus ad Parnassum and Other Verse Composition Manuals David J. Butterfield The Greek Anthology Harry Stevenson The Greek Diaspora and Neo-Latin Literature (Fifteenth-Seventeenth Centuries) Han Lamers Humanist Centres—Leiden and Philology Harm-Jan van Dam Humanist Centres—Naples Han Lamers Humanistic Script Dustin Mengelkoch Indigenous American Latinists Andrew Laird Inscriptions Dirk Sacre Jesuit Georgic Poetry Yasmin Haskell The Jesuit Ratio studiorum (1599 Edition): Prescribed Texts: Grammar, the Humanities, Rhetoric, and Philosophy Raphaele Garrod The Jesuit Ratio studiorum and its Variants: Textbooks from the College of La Fleche for Classes of Grammar, Rhetoric, and the Humanities (1603-1702) Raphaele Garrod Lascaris, Janus Gerald Sandy Latin and the Social Media David J. Butterfield Latin and the Enlightenment Yasmin Haskell Latin Language and Style as an Instrument of Political and Cultural Ideology Marc Laureys Latin Translations from the Vernacular in Early Modern Science Ann Blair Latin Translations of Place Names Unknown in the Ancient World Monique Mund-Dopchie Latin Travel Journals and Guidebooks Monique Mund-Dopchie Latin Vocabulary for New World Phenomena Monique Mund-Dopchie Letter Collections Jeanine De Landtsheer Letters of Dedication Demmy Verbeke and Jeanine De Landtsheer Letter-Writing Manuals Jeanine De Landtsheer Lucretius—Editions and Commentaries Jill Kraye Luther, Martin Carl P. E. Springer Lutheran Latin Education Carl P. E. Springer Manuals on Note-Taking (ars excerpendi) Ann Blair Medical Didactic Poetry Yasmin Haskell Melanchthon, Philipp Carl P. E. Springer More, Thomas Andrew Taylor Neo-Latin and Vernacular Influences in Prose Writing Tom Deneire Neo-Latin Book Series Demmy Verbeke Neo-Latin Grammars—Guarino of Verona’s Regulae grammaticales Marianne Pade Neo-Latin Grammars—Niccolo Perotti’s Rudimenta grammatices Marianne Pade Neo-Latin Journals Demmy Verbeke Neo-Latin Literature—The Balkans (Croatia) Gorana Stepanić Neo-Latin Literature—Bohemia Erika Jurikova Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: The Long Sixteenth Century David A. Porter Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: Later Centuries David A. Porter Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Literature Mathieu Ferrand Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Contexts Jon Balserak Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Seventeenth and Later Centuries: Literature Ingrid A. R. De Smet Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Seventeenth and Later Centuries: Contexts Jon Balserak Neo-Latin Literature—The German Regions Nikolaus Thurn Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries Valery Rees Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Seventeenth Century and Beyond Valery Rees Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Age of Petrarch Craig Kallendorf Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Quattrocento Craig Kallendorf Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Cinquecento Charles Fantazzi Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: Fascism (1922-1943) Han Lamers, Bettina L. Reitz-Joosse, and Dirk Sacre Neo-Latin Literature—The Low Countries Tom Deneire Neo-Latin Literature—The Nordic Countries Minna Skafte Jensen Neo-Latin Literature—The Ottoman Empire Zweder von Martels Neo-Latin Literature—Poland Piotr Urbański Neo-Latin Literature—Portugal Ricardo da Cunha Lima Neo-Latin Literature—Slovakia Erika Jurikova Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Long Sixteenth Century Alejandro Coroleu Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Alejandro Coroleu Neo-Latin Online Demmy Verbeke Neo-Latin Societies Demmy Verbeke Neo-Latin Supplements to Classical Latin Works Craig Kallendorf New World: Epic Writing Andrew Laird Orders of Architecture Lex Hermans Orthography of Neo-Latin Milena Minkova Pasquinades David Marsh Patronage Susanna de Beer Perotti’s Cornu copiae Marianne Pade Petrarca, Francesco Karl A. E. Enenkel Philology—France Gerald Sandy Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Henry De Vocht Demmy Verbeke Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Jozef IJsewijn Demmy Verbeke Pioneers of Neo-Latin Studies—Paul Oskar Kristeller Demmy Verbeke Pliny (On Art) Maia Wellington Gahtan Poetic Genres—The Cento: Poetry Jane Stevenson Poetic Genres—The Cento: Theory Tom Deneire Poetic Genres—Epistles David A. Porter Poetic Genres—Heroides Paul White Poetic Genres—Occasional Poetry: Practice Susanna de Beer Poetic Genres—Occasional Poetry: Theory Ingrid A. R. De Smet Poetics—Scaliger, Vida, Pontanus, Vossius David A. Porter Praise and Blame Marc Laureys Print and Pedagogy Andrew Taylor Printing Centres—Basel: Johannes Frobenius, Johannes Amerbach, and Others Paul White Printing Centres—Estienne Family Paul White Printing Centres—Geneva: Henri II Estienne, Jean Crespin, and Others Paul White Printing Centres—The Officina Plantiniana Jeanine De Landtsheer Printing Centres—Paris: Jodocus Badius Ascensius, Robert I Estienne, and Others Paul White Printing Centres—Strasbourg Paul White Printing Centres—Venice: Aldus Manutius and the Aldine Press Andrew Taylor Psychiatry—Neo-Latin Sources for its History Yasmin Haskell Rhetoric in Architecture Lex Hermans Roman Law and bonae litterae Gerald Sandy School Colloquia Tom Deneire Scribes Dustin Mengelkoch Secundus, Joannes Jane Stevenson Seneca’s Philosophical Works—Editions and Commentaries Jill Kraye Sermons Jon Balserak Spinoza Guido Giglioni The Strasbourg Gymnasium (1543 Edition)—Prescribed Texts: Grammar, the Humanities, and Rhetoric Raphaele Garrod Swedenborg, Emanuel Hans Helander Terence as a School Text: Commentaries Jan Bloemendal Thou, Jacques Auguste de Ingrid A. R. De Smet Translation as a Source for Neologisms Marianne Pade Travel Journals and Guidebooks in Latin Monique Mund-Dopchie The Typography of Renaissance Humanism Andrew Taylor Valla, Lorenzo Lodi Nauta Valla’s Elegantiae linguae Latinae Marianne Pade Virgilianism Craig Kallendorf Vitruvianism Lex Hermans Women in Renaissance England and Neo-Latin Translation Brenda M. Hosington Women Prodigies—Anna Maria van Schurman, Elena Piscopia, and Others Jane Stevenson Women Writers in the Elizabethan Period Jane Stevenson Women Writers in Italy: Martha Marchina and Others Jane Stevenson Women Writers’ Networks Jane Stevenson Zoology Louise Hill Curth Index of Names Index of Geographical Names


All those interested in Neo-Latin studies, humanism, the Renaissance, the Classical Tradition, classical philology, intellectual history, and art history.