Incubation as a Type-Scene in the Aqhatu, Kirta, and Hannah Stories

A Form-Critical and Narratological Study of KTU 1.14 I-1.15 III, 1.17 I-II, and 1 Samuel 1:1-2:11

Series:

Prior studies of incubation have approached it from a history of religions perspective, with a view to historically reconstruct the actual practice of incubation in ancient Near East. However, this approach has proven unfruitful, not due to the dearth of relevant data, but because of the confusion with regard to the definition of the term incubation. Suggesting a way out of this impasse in previous scholarship, this book proposes to read the so-called “incubation” texts from the perspective of incubation as a literary device, namely, as a type-scene. It applies Nagler’s definition of a type-scene to a literary analysis of two Ugaritic mythical texts, the Aqhatu and Kirta stories, and one biblical story, the Hannah story.
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Biographical Note

Koowon Kim, Ph.D. (2010) in Hebrew Bible and ancient Near East, University of Chicago, is Assistant Professor at Reformed Theological Seminary in Seoul, South Korea. He is a contributor to Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings (IVP, 2008).

Table of contents

Chapter One: Introduction
1. Introduction
2. Statement of Problems
3. Statement of Purpose
4. Defining Method: Incubation as a Type-scene
5. Summary
Excursus 1: The Type-scene Study in Biblical Criticism
Excursus 2: The Communicative-Semiotic Understanding of a Type-scene or Gattung

Chapter Two: Incubation in the Ancient Near East
1. Incubation in Mesopotamia
2. Incubation in Hatti
3. Incubation in Egypt
4. Incubation in ancient Greece
5. Conclusion

Chapter Three: The Incubation Type-Scene: A Working Definition
1. Previous Studies
2. The Structure of an Incubation Type-Scene: Component Motifs
3. A Heuristic Definition of Incubation as a Literary Device: Some Proposals for the Recognition of the Incubation Type-scene
Excursus 3: Is There Any Difference?

Chapter Four: How Dānî’ilu Were Blessed With a Son?
1. Previous Studies
2. The Incubation Type-scene in KTU 1.17 I-II: Component Motifs
Excursus 4: The Divine Oath in KTU 1.17 I:36-38?
3. The Narratological Role of the Incubation Type-scene: Echoing and Foreshadowing
4. Conclusion

Chapter Five: How Kirta Were Blessed With a Son?
1. Previous Studies
2. The Incubation Type-scene in KTU 1.14 I-1.15 III: Component Motifs
3. The Narratological Role of the Incubation Type-scene: Foreshadowing and Reminiscing
4. Conclusion

Chapter Six: How Hannah Were Blessed With a Son?
1. Previous Studies
2. The Incubation Type-scene in 1 Samuel 1:1-2:11a: Component Motifs
3. The Narratological Role of the Incubation Type-scene in the Book of Samuel
4. Conclusion

Chapter Seven: Summary

Readership

All those interested in the comparative study of Hebrew Bible and ancient Near Eastern literature, as well as the type-scene theory and the practice of incubation in ancient Near East.

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