The delicate balance between toleration and repulsion of the Jews, a tiny minority living within the Christian world, stands at the center of studies of religion and society. The development of this difficult relationship on many levels, theological, institutional, and individual, is a matter of continuing relevance in religious history from ancient to contemporary contexts. This volume, written by the leading scholars of Jewish-Christian engagement, seeks to revisit the question in light of new sources and re-readings of older sources. The old view of two implacable enemies battling for their version of truth, of Jews living as insular pariahs within a hostile world, the tale of persecution by the mighty of the weak, has given way to a much more nuanced understanding of areas of congruence, of cultural, economic, and social interchange. The volume examines changes in the Christian posture toward the Jews occurring in a time and place of tremendous cultural and religious creativity in Western European society. It seeks to understand how Jews integrated elements of Christian culture into their own. The volume spans some of the key turning points in the Jewish-Christian relationship and re-examines critical texts, religious disputations, and cultural interactions.
Elisheva Carlebach is Salo Baron Professor of Jewish History, Culture and Society at Columbia University.
Jacob J. Schacter is University Professor of Jewish History and Jewish Thought at Yeshiva University.
"...a book filled with valuable new contributions to the field of Jewish-Christian relations. It is recommended for all research collections in Judaica, as well as those in Jewish-Christian relations."
James P. Rosenbloom, Judaica Librarian, Brandeis University,
AJL Reviews September/October 2012
Table of contents
Elisheva Carlebach and Jacob J. Schacter Christian Triumphalism and Anti-Jewish Violence On the Authenticity of the Testimonium Flavianum Attributed to Josephus
Louis H. Feldman The Menorah and the Cross: Historiographical Reflections on a Recent Discovery from Laodicea on the Lycus
Steven Fine Judaizing the Passion: The Case of the Crown of Thorns in the Middle Ages
William Chester Jordan “Unless the Lord Watches Over the City . . .”: Joan of Aragon and His Jews, June–October 1391
Benjamin R. Gampel Christian Mission and Jewish Conversion Genesis 49:10 in Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing
Robert Chazan The Different Hebrew Versions of the “Talmud Trial” of 1240 in Paris
Judah Galinsky An Infant’s Missionary Sermon Addressed to the Jews of Rome in 1553
Robert Bonfil Rabbi Jonathan Eibeschuetz and the Alleged Jewish-Christian Sect in Eighteenth-Century Amsterdam
Sid Z. Leiman The Imprint of Christian Society on Internal Jewish Cultural Patterns Seeking Signs? Jews, Christians, and Proof by Fire in Medieval Germany and Northern France
Elisheva Baumgarten A Medieval Judeo-Spanish Poem on the Complementarity of Faith and Works and Its Intellectual Roots
Bernard Septimus “Because Our Wives Trade and Do Business with Our Goods”: Gender, Work, and Jewish-Christian Relations
Debra Kaplan Jewish Evaluations of Christianity Meiri and the Non-Jew: A Comparative Investigation
Yaakov Elman Changing Attitudes toward Apostates in Tosafist Literature, Late Twelfth–Early Thirteenth Centuries
Ephraim Kanarfogel The Portuguese Jews of Amsterdam and the Status of Christians
Miriam Bodian Rabbi Jacob Emden, Sabbatianism, and Frankism: Attitudes toward Christianity in the Eighteenth Century
Jacob J. Schacter Jewish Polemical Strategies in Light of Christianity and Islam Rashi’s Position on Prophecy among the Nations and the Jewish-Christian Polemic
Avraham Grossman Isaiah’s Suffering Servant and the Jews: From the Nineteenth Century to the Ninth
Elliott Horowitz Peshat or Polemics: The Case of Genesis 36
Martin I. Lockshin Maimonides’ Attitude toward Christian Biblical Hermeneutics in Light of Earlier Jewish Sources
Mordechai Z. Cohen Karaism and Christianity: An Evolving Relationship
Daniel J. Lasker Contemporary Jewish-Christian Relations Morality, Liberalism, and Interfaith Dialogue
David Shatz The Jewish People and Their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible, by the Pontifical Biblical Commission (Rome, 2001)
This book will be welcomed by students of medieval European history, religious studies, Jewish history, and Jewish-Christian relations.