During the Chinese Cultural Revolution from 1967 to 1969, some 16,000 Mongolians died and over a quarter of a million suffered injury during the purge of what was claimed to be a separatist party in the Inner Mongolian region. This study looks at the purge through an analysis of the voices found in contemporary documents – those of Red Guard groups, local leaders felled during the campaign, and the new leaders put in place by the central government in Beijing. At the heart of this was the struggle for domination by a central government asserting national unity, opposed to any expression of local particularities in Inner Mongolia. The author examines the discourse strategies by which central government attempted to impose total control , asserting a dominant ideology and narrative based on Marxism-Leninism. The volume offers a unique insight into the relationship between language and culture of political power in modern China, at a time of crisis and violence.
Kerry Brown lived in Inner Mongolia from 1994 to 1996. He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1998, serving as First Secretary at the British Embassy in Beijing before working as the head of the Indonesia, Philippines and East Timor Team in London. He gained his Ph.D. at the University of Leeds in Modern Chinese politics and history, and has had review articles published in
China Review and
Critical Asian Studies.
Table of contents
Abbreviations Used in the Text; Note on the Text; Introduction; Dramatis Personae; 1. The Exercise of Power and its Relationship to Language: The Case of the Cultural Revolution in Inner Mongolia – 1967 to 1969; 2 ‘How to Handle the Problem of IMAR’: The Centre Speaks with the Region – 1967; 3 Nationality Versus Ethnicity: The Campaign Against the Local Party Leader Ulanfu – 1967 to 1968; 4 The New Order Speaks: The Voice of Comrade Teng Haiqing – 1967 to 1969 89; 5 The Politics of Saying Sorry: The Fall of Teng Haiqing – 1969; Conclusion; Appendix; Bibliography; Index