Over the past thirty years, religion has increasingly played a relevant role, both on a national level and in international affairs. The attempt made by politicians to reframe the policy of social cohesion in a neo-nationalist light (one land, one language, one religion = one political community), demising any kind of multiculturalism, facilitating instead a return to assimilation shaped by fear of the other (culture, religion, language, and so on), is very often associated with a restoration of the primacy of religious discourse in the public sphere. It is not just a return of religion in the public sphere, but the exploitation of religion by politics to reconstruct a social cohesion in the absence of ideological resources.
Patrick Michel, sociologist and political scientist, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and a Professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris. Former deputy scientific director of the Department of Human and Social Sciences at CNRS, he is the director of the Centre Maurice Halbwachs.
Enzo Pace is Professor of Sociology and Sociology of Religion at the University of Padova (Italy), where he chairs the Department of Sociology. He is Visiting Professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris) and Past-President of the International Society for the Sociology of Religion (ISSR/SISR).
Contributors include: Peter Achterberg, Lubna Al-Kazi, Stef Aupers, Edward Bailey, Peter Beyer, Shun-hing Chan, Franco Garelli, Alessandra L. González, Zhaohui George Hong, Dick Houtman, Christophe Jaffrelot, Willem de Koster, Mohammed Maarouf, Marion Maddox, Ricardo Mariano, Peter Mascini, Patrick Michel, Ari Pedro Oro, Enzo Pace, Johan Roeland, Jörg Stolz, Elena Zapponi, and Jeroen van der Waal.
Table of contents
Preface: Religion and Politics - Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace
PART I - THE RECOMPOSITION OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN RELIGION AND POLITICS, AND THE NEW FEATURES OF THE GLOBAL RELIGIOUS SYSTEM
Religious Pluralization and Intimations of a Post-Westphalian Condition in a Global Society - Peter Beyer
Resurgent Religion in Politics: The Martyr, the Convert and the Black Knight of Apocalypse - Enzo Pace
Religious, Political and Global - Patrick Michel
Complicating the “Clash of Civilizations”: Gender and Politics in Contemporary Kuwait - Alessandra L. González and Lubna Al-Kazi
The “Social Integration” of Religious Groups in Society: A Social Mechanism Approach - Jörg Stolz
PART II - RELIGION BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC, STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY
Christian Religion in the West: Privatization or Public Revitalization? - John Roeland, Peter Achterberg, Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, Willem de Koster, Peter Mascini, and Jeroen van der Waal
The Cultural Foundations of Islamist Leadership in Morocco - Mohammed Maarouf
The Protestant House Church and Its Poverty of Rights in China - Zhaohui Hong
Rethinking the Role of the Catholic Church in Building Civil Society in Contemporary China: The Case of Wenzhou Diocese - Shun-hing Chan
PART III- RELIGION AND POLITICS BETWEEN COMMUNITARIANISM AND POLICY OF IDENTITY
India: The Politics of (Re)conversion to Hinduism of Christian Aboriginals - Christophe Jaffrelot
Religion and Politics: The Italian Case - Franco Garelli
The Reciprocal Instrumentalization of Religion and Politics in Brazil - Ricardo Mariano and Ari Pedro Oro
The Reinvention of Cuban Santería and the Politics of Identity - Elena Zapponi
A Secular Cancellation of the Secularist Truce: Religion and Political Legitimation in Australia - Marion Maddox
The Concept of Implicit Religion: What, When, How, and Why? - Edward Bailey
List of Contributors
All those interested in the relationship between religion and politics, sociology of religion, religious studies.