National, Nordic or European?

Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees and Nordic Cooperation

Series:

Whereas nineteenth-century university jubilees traditionally led to the writing of histories that celebrated an individual university, in this volume they have inspired instead a stimulating comparative approach that studies jubilees themselves across Northern Europe. Starting from the bicentenary of Helsinki University in 1840 and finishing with the opening of the University of Iceland in 1911, this book focuses on the importance of these jubilees for the development of Scandinavist ideas and increasing cultural and scientific cooperation between the Nordic countries. Can these jubilees be regarded as the driving force of increasing Nordic cooperation? The analysis here shows that university and political authorities have always sought the right balance between the national, regional (in casu Nordic) and international character of their celebration.
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Biographical Note

Pieter Dhondt, Ph.D. (2005) in History, K.U.Leuven, is Professor in the History of Education at Ghent University (Belgium). His current research focuses on the history of university celebrations and on medical history, including the process of medicalisation in pre-school and primary education.”

Table of contents

List of List of Figures, Tables and Graph
Notes on Contributors

Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees as the Driving Force of Increasing Nordic Cooperation Pieter Dhondt


PART I NON-NORDIC JUBILEES IN A NORDIC CONTEXT


The Bicentenary of Helsinki University in 1840. The Jubilee of a Russian University in a Nordic Context Pieter Dhondt
The Bicentenary as a National Event
The Difficult Search For the Right Foreign Representatives
The Jubilee of a Finnish University in a Russian Context
Finns, Russians and Swedes as Honorary Doctors and in Cultural Meetings
Criticism From Within the Own Academic Community
Conclusion

The University of Dorpat as a(n) (Inter)National Institution at its 50th Anniversary in 1852 Pieter Dhondt and Sirje Tamul
The Theory of Official Nationalism
The Impact of Uvarov's Reforms on the University of Dorpat
Craffström's Discordant Relations with Teaching Staff
The Exceptional Position of Dorpat as an International University Within the Russian Empire
Searching for a Balance in the Celebration of the 50th Anniversary
Conclusion: An Increasingly Local and Regional Orientation of an International Institution


PART II A DIFFERENT IMPACT OF THE GERMAN UNIFICATION WARS IN NORWAY, SWEDEN AND DENMARK



The Christiana University's 50 Years Celebration in 1861. National Pride and Scandinavian Solidarity John Peter Collett
The University and the State – and the Nation
The University and the Scandinavian Brotherhood
Conclusion

The Bicentenary of the University of Lund in 1868. A Low Point in Scandinavian Cooperation – Or a Rebirth? Fredrik Tersmeden and Pieter Dhondt (as contributor)
The Unfinished Castle
Lund, Copenhagen and the Scandinavian Movement
The Meeting of 1862
A Dead Idea – Or Rather the Contrary?
Gustaf Ljunggren – A Key Actor
Weibull's Celebrated Jubilee History
The Medal Debate
Prominent and less Prominent Invitees
The Festivities
The Scandinavist Character of the Promotions and Rhetoric
The Aftermath
Conclusion

The Echo of the Quartercentenary of Uppsala University in 1877 Within the Nordic Countries Pieter Dhondt
Difficult Decisions About Who to Invite
The Jubilee as a Nordic Event
The Crucial Role of the Students in Enhancing the Nordic Character of the
Jubilee
Limited Impact of the Event Within the Nordic Community
The Jubilee as Primarily a National Celebration
Conclusion

Once Again, a Celebration in Uppsala. The European Dimension of the Anniversary of the Death of Carl Linnaeus in 1878 Carl Frängsmyr
The Linnean Revival of the 1870s
Celebrations in Uppsala and Elsewhere
Follow-up of the Jubilee
Conclusion

The Quartercentenary of the University of Copenhagen in 1879. Denmark Between Europe and the Nordic Countries
Ejvind Slottved
Preliminary Planning
A Major International Occasion
The Shadow of 1864
The 400th Anniversary in the Shadow of the Treaty of Prague
An improvised Nordic Celebration
Conclusion
Appendix 1: The Final Programme of Events
Appendix 2: Anniversary Festschriften 1879


PART III A METHODOLOGICAL-COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE


"Three the Nordic countries are, the Nordic maid but one". A different Perspective on Nineteenth-Century University Festivities Hanna Enefalk
Aims and Methods
The Scandinavist Student Meeting in 1856: Sharing Women
The Scandinavian Student Meeting in 1875: Emancipation Accepted?
The Quartercentenary of 1877: Celebrating the Alma Mater
Conclusion

University Centenary Ceremonies in Scotland 1884–1911Robert D. ANDERSON
The Civic Element
The Financial Context
Tradition and Identity at Aberdeen
Nationalism and Internationalism
Conclusion


PART IV THE END OF SCANDINAVISM?


Science, Populist Democracy and Honour. The 1911 Centenary Celebration of the Royal Fredriks University in Kristiania Robert Marc Friedman
Planning a Jubilee to Impress the Nation
Rekindling the Peoples' Affection for Their University
A New Assembly Hall as Evidence of the People's Allegiance


University of Iceland. A citizen of the Respublica Scientiarum or a Nursery for the Nation? Guðmundur Hálfdanarson
University Education in Iceland: The Historical Background
The University of Iceland in Alþingi
The University of Iceland and the Nordic World
Conclusion: The University of Iceland. A National or Nationalist University?

Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees as (Rhetorical)Attempts at Increasing Nordic Cooperation Pieter Dhondt


Indices
Names of People
Place Names

Readership

Paying attention to role of the university within the society, this book is intended for all those interested in university history, political history, intellectual and cultural history, as well as in political and social sciences.

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