National, Nordic or European?

Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees and Nordic Cooperation


Whereas nineteenth-century university jubilees traditionally led to the writing of histories that celebrated an individual university, in this volume they have inspired instead a stimulating comparative approach that studies jubilees themselves across Northern Europe. Starting from the bicentenary of Helsinki University in 1840 and finishing with the opening of the University of Iceland in 1911, this book focuses on the importance of these jubilees for the development of Scandinavist ideas and increasing cultural and scientific cooperation between the Nordic countries. Can these jubilees be regarded as the driving force of increasing Nordic cooperation? The analysis here shows that university and political authorities have always sought the right balance between the national, regional (in casu Nordic) and international character of their celebration.
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Biographical Note

Pieter Dhondt, Ph.D. (2005) in History, K.U.Leuven, is Professor in the History of Education at Ghent University (Belgium). His current research focuses on the history of university celebrations and on medical history, including the process of medicalisation in pre-school and primary education.”

Table of contents

List of List of Figures, Tables and Graph Notes on Contributors Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees as the Driving Force of Increasing Nordic Cooperation Pieter Dhondt PART I NON-NORDIC JUBILEES IN A NORDIC CONTEXT The Bicentenary of Helsinki University in 1840. The Jubilee of a Russian University in a Nordic Context Pieter Dhondt The Bicentenary as a National Event The Difficult Search For the Right Foreign Representatives The Jubilee of a Finnish University in a Russian Context Finns, Russians and Swedes as Honorary Doctors and in Cultural Meetings Criticism From Within the Own Academic Community Conclusion The University of Dorpat as a(n) (Inter)National Institution at its 50th Anniversary in 1852 Pieter Dhondt and Sirje Tamul The Theory of Official Nationalism The Impact of Uvarov's Reforms on the University of Dorpat Craffström's Discordant Relations with Teaching Staff The Exceptional Position of Dorpat as an International University Within the Russian Empire Searching for a Balance in the Celebration of the 50th Anniversary Conclusion: An Increasingly Local and Regional Orientation of an International Institution PART II A DIFFERENT IMPACT OF THE GERMAN UNIFICATION WARS IN NORWAY, SWEDEN AND DENMARK The Christiana University's 50 Years Celebration in 1861. National Pride and Scandinavian Solidarity John Peter Collett The University and the State – and the Nation The University and the Scandinavian Brotherhood Conclusion The Bicentenary of the University of Lund in 1868. A Low Point in Scandinavian Cooperation – Or a Rebirth? Fredrik Tersmeden and Pieter Dhondt (as contributor) The Unfinished Castle Lund, Copenhagen and the Scandinavian Movement The Meeting of 1862 A Dead Idea – Or Rather the Contrary? Gustaf Ljunggren – A Key Actor Weibull's Celebrated Jubilee History The Medal Debate Prominent and less Prominent Invitees The Festivities The Scandinavist Character of the Promotions and Rhetoric The Aftermath Conclusion The Echo of the Quartercentenary of Uppsala University in 1877 Within the Nordic Countries Pieter Dhondt Difficult Decisions About Who to Invite The Jubilee as a Nordic Event The Crucial Role of the Students in Enhancing the Nordic Character of the Jubilee Limited Impact of the Event Within the Nordic Community The Jubilee as Primarily a National Celebration Conclusion Once Again, a Celebration in Uppsala. The European Dimension of the Anniversary of the Death of Carl Linnaeus in 1878 Carl Frängsmyr The Linnean Revival of the 1870s Celebrations in Uppsala and Elsewhere Follow-up of the Jubilee Conclusion The Quartercentenary of the University of Copenhagen in 1879. Denmark Between Europe and the Nordic Countries Ejvind Slottved Preliminary Planning A Major International Occasion The Shadow of 1864 The 400th Anniversary in the Shadow of the Treaty of Prague An improvised Nordic Celebration Conclusion Appendix 1: The Final Programme of Events Appendix 2: Anniversary Festschriften 1879 PART III A METHODOLOGICAL-COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE "Three the Nordic countries are, the Nordic maid but one". A different Perspective on Nineteenth-Century University Festivities Hanna Enefalk Aims and Methods The Scandinavist Student Meeting in 1856: Sharing Women The Scandinavian Student Meeting in 1875: Emancipation Accepted? The Quartercentenary of 1877: Celebrating the Alma Mater Conclusion University Centenary Ceremonies in Scotland 1884–1911Robert D. ANDERSON The Civic Element The Financial Context Tradition and Identity at Aberdeen Nationalism and Internationalism Conclusion PART IV THE END OF SCANDINAVISM? Science, Populist Democracy and Honour. The 1911 Centenary Celebration of the Royal Fredriks University in Kristiania Robert Marc Friedman Planning a Jubilee to Impress the Nation Rekindling the Peoples' Affection for Their University A New Assembly Hall as Evidence of the People's Allegiance University of Iceland. A citizen of the Respublica Scientiarum or a Nursery for the Nation? Guðmundur Hálfdanarson University Education in Iceland: The Historical Background The University of Iceland in Alþingi The University of Iceland and the Nordic World Conclusion: The University of Iceland. A National or Nationalist University? Nineteenth-Century University Jubilees as (Rhetorical)Attempts at Increasing Nordic Cooperation Pieter Dhondt Indices Names of People Place Names


Paying attention to role of the university within the society, this book is intended for all those interested in university history, political history, intellectual and cultural history, as well as in political and social sciences.