Luwian Identities

Culture, Language and Religion Between Anatolia and the Aegean

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The Luwians inhabited Anatolia and Syria in late second through early first millennium BC. They are mainly known through their Indo-European language, preserved on cuneiform tablets and hieroglyphic stelae. However, where the Luwians lived or came from, how they coexisted with their Hittite and Greek neighbors, and the peculiarities of their religion and material culture, are all debatable matters. A conference convened in Reading in June 2011 in order to discuss the current state of the debate, summarize points of disagreement, and outline ways of addressing them in future research. The papers presented at this conference were collected in the present volume, whose goal is to bring into being a new interdisciplinary field, Luwian Studies.

"To conclude, the editors of this volume on Luwian identities and the authors of the individual papers are to be congratulatedwith a successful sequel to TheLuwians of 2003 edited by Melchert and with yet another substantial brick in the foundation of the incipient discipline of Luwian studies." Fred C. Woudhuizen

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Biographical Note

Alice Mouton (Ph.D. EPHE, Sorbonne, Paris and Leiden University, 2003) is a CNRS full time researcher in Hittitology since 2005. She teaches Hittite cuneiform writing and language at the Institut Catholique de Paris. She wrote two monographs; the first one on Hittite dream reports (Brill, 2007), the second one on South Anatolian birth rituals (De Boccard, 2008). She also edited a collective volume on nightmares in antiquity (De Boccard, 2010).

Ian Rutherford (DPhil Oxford 1986) is Professor of Greek at the University of Reading. In 2013-4 he is a visiting research scholar at the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World in New York. His main research interests are in the literature and religion of ancient Greece, Anatolia and Egypt. He was a joint editor of Anatolian Interfaces. Hittites, Greeks and Their Neighbours (Oxbow 2008). His most recent monograph is State Pilgrims and Sacred Observers. Study of Theoriai and Theoroi (Cambridge, 2013).

Ilya Yakubovich (Ph.D. University of Chicago, 2008) currently holds research positions at the Moscow State University and the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is an author of the monograph Sociolinguistics of the Luwian Language (Brill, 2010).

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION A. Mouton, I. Rutherford and I. Yakubovich
PART ONE. PRESENT STATE OF THE LUWIAN STUDIES
Luwian Hieroglyphs, “Luwians versus Hittites” J. David Hawkins
Peoples and Maps – Nomenclature and Definitions Stephen Durnford
PART TWO. LUWIAN COMMUNITIES OF CENTRAL ANATOLIA
Names on Seals, Names in Texts. Who Were These People? Mark Weeden
Anatolian Names in wiya- and the Structure of Empire Luwian Onomastics Ilya Yakubovich
Luwian Words in Hittite Festivals Susanne Görke
CTH 767.7 – The Birth Ritual of Pittei: Its Occasion and the Use of Luwianisms Mary Bachvarova
‘Luwian’ Religious Texts in the Archives of Hattusa Daliah Bawanypeck
The Luwian Cult of the Goddess Huwassanna vs. Her Position in the ‘Hittite State Cult’ Manfred Hutter
PART THREE. LUWIAN CULTURE IN SOUTH-EATHERN ANATOLIA
A Luwian Shrine? The Stele Building at Kilise Tepe Nicholas Postgate and Adam Stone
A New Luwian Rock Inscription from Kahramanmaraş Meltem and Metin Alparslan
Carchemish Before and After 1200 BC Sanna Aro
PART FOUR. LUWIAN AND LUWIC GROUPS OF WESTERN ANATOLIA
James Mellaart and the Luwians: A Culture-(Pre)history Christoph Bachhuber
The Cultural Development of Western Anatolia in the Third and Second Millennia BC and its Relationship with Migration Theories Deniz Sarı
Luwian Religion, a Research Project: The Case of ‘Hittite’ Augury Alice Mouton and Ian Rutherford
Hieroglyphic Inscriptions of Western Anatolia: Long Arm of the Empire or Vernacular Tradition(s)? Rostislav Oreschko
Greek (and our) Views on the Karians Alexander Herda
PART FIVE. CULTURAL CONTACTS BETWEEN LUWIAN OR LUWIC GROUPS AND THE AEGEAN
Divine Things: Ivories from the Artemision and the Luwian Identity of Ephesos Alan Greaves
Iyarri at the Interface: the Origins of Ares Alexander Millington
Singers of Lazpa: Reconstructing Identities on Bronze Age Lesbos Annette Teffeteller

Readership

Classicists, Hittitologists, Ancient Anatolian/Mediterranean historians and archaeologists, specialists in linguistic and cultural contacts in ancient society, all interested in forgotten civilizations.

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