This focused collection of essays by international scholars first uncovers the roots of the study of ancient Jewish Christianity in the Enlightenment in early eighteenth-century England, then explores why and how this rediscovery of Jewish Christianity set off the entire modern historical debate over Christian origins. Finally, it examines in detail how this critical impulse made its way to Germany, eventually to flourish in the nineteenth century under F. C. Baur and the Tübingen School. Included is a facsimile reproduction of John Toland’s seminal Nazarenus (1718), which launched the modern study of Jewish Christianity.
F. Stanley Jones is Professor in the Department of Religious Studies and Director of the Institute for the Study of Judaeo-Christian Origins at California State University, Long Beach. He has published widely on the subject of Jewish Christianity including
An Ancient Jewish Christian Source on the History of Christianity: Pseudo-Clementine "Recognitions" 1.27–71 (Scholars Press/Society of Biblical Literature) and
Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies (Peeters).
Table of contents
Contents Series Editor’s Foreword Preface
F. Stanley Jones Abbreviations Part 1: Background “Christian Jews” and “Jewish Christians”: The Jewish Origins of Christianity in English Literature from Elizabeth I to Toland’s Nazarenus
Matti Myllykoski Part 2: John Toland and the Rediscovery of Jewish Christianity John Toland’s Nazarenus and the Original Plan of Christianity
Pierre Lurbe The Invention of Jewish Christianity in John Toland’s Nazarenus
Matt Jackson-McCabe The Genesis, Purpose, and Significance of John Toland’s Nazarenus
F. Stanley Jones Part 3: From Toland to Baur “Jewish Christianity” and “Christian Deism” in Thomas Morgan’s The Moral Philosopher
Matt Jackson-McCabe From Toland to Baur: Tracks of the History of Research into Jewish Christianity
F. Stanley Jones F. C. Baur’s Place in the Study of Jewish Christianity
David Lincicum Nazarenus: Or, Jewish, Gentile, and Mahometan Christianity
John Toland Letter I Contributors Index of Modern Authors