Near and Far Eastern History and Archaeology Carl Whiting Bishop Papers
Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942), born in Tokyo, Japan, on July 12, 1881, was an archaeologist, anthropologist, and specialist in Eastern Asian Studies. He began his career in archaeology as a member of the Peabody Museum Expedition to Central America. From 1914 to 1918 he was Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum. He was Assistant in Anthropology at Columbia University from 1921-1922, and became Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art in April 1922. Upon his return from China in 1934, he resumed his work at the Gallery as Associate in Archaeology, remaining there until his death on June 16, 1942. Bishop conducted archaeological reconnaissance and survey work in China, Korea, and Japan in 1915 and 1918. Between 1923 and 1934 he led the Freer Gallery’s first expedition to China, which lasted from February 1923 to August 1927. He headed a second expedition to China between 1929 and 1934.
Carl Whiting Bishop’s professional papers and official records, selected for this microfiche edition, document his research and archaeological activities over a 25-year period. They include his two-volume, unpublished manuscript, and nearly 4000 images of photographs taken between 1915 and 1934. The typescript manuscript, entitled
Archaeological Research in China 1923-1934 (completed after 1939), is a detailed field report chronicling his expeditions in northern and central China between 1923 and 1934. It includes background information on China’s geography, topography, climate, plant and mineral products, customs and legends, as well as the political situation at the time. The 4000 photographic images are a result of his archaeological reconnaissance and survey work in China, Korea, and Japan in 1915 and 1918. They depict a wide range of subjects, including archaeological sites and archaeological finds: bronzes, ceramics and sculptures, vernacular architecture, caves and temples, palaces, people, and scenes of social customs.
A finding aid, entitled
Register to the Papers of Carl Whiting Bishop in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, provides descriptions of the materials, a subject index, and a bibliography of works by Bishop. In the Register, Bishop’s original romanization of Chinese personal and place names has been retained except in certain cases where clarification or correction was necessary.