Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East

Sites, Cultures, and Proveniences


Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East follows the evolution of the author’s scholarly work and interests and is divided into several categories of interrelated fields. The first part deals primarily with excavations and associated artifacts, issues in ancient geography and the identification of ancient sites in northwest Iran, the author’s research involving the culture and chronology of the Phrygian capital at Gordion in Anatolia, and the chronology and Iranian cultural relations of a site in the Emirate of Sharjah. Part two is wide-ranging and includes chapters on Aegean and ancient Near Eastern cultural and political interconnections, the role of fibulae in revealing cultural and chronological matters, and the gender-determined usage of parasols and their recognition in excavated contexts. There are also articles specifically concerned with “Plunder Culture” and the forgery of both objects and their alleged proveniences.

"At 1,088 pages, this volume provides a wonderful sample– chosen by Muscarella himself – of forty papers spanning the author’s career and many interests...This volume is so rich that it contains something for everyone." D.T. Potts, NYU, Bibliotheca Orientalis lxxIII n° 3-4, mei-augustus 2016

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Biographical Note

Oscar White Muscarella Ph.D. (1965), University of Pennsylvania, taught history at The City College of New York (1960-1964) and worked in the Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1964-2009). He has published over 175 books, articles, and reviews.

Table of contents

Part 1: Sites and Excavations
1. The Tumuli at Sé Girdan: A Preliminary Report
2. The Tumuli at Sé Girdan: Second Report
3. The Chronology and Culture of Sé Girdan: Phase III
4. Qalatgah: An Urartian Site in Northwestern Iran
5. Excavations at Agrab Tepe, Iran
6. The Iron Age at Dinkha Tepe, Iran
7. Warfare at Hasanlu in the Late 9th Century B.C.
8. The Hasanlu Lion Pins Again
9. The Excavation of Hasanlu: An Archaeological Evaluation
10. The Iranian Iron III Chronology at Muweilah in the Emirate of Sharjah
11. The Location of Ulhu and Uiše in Sargon II’s Eighth Campaign, 714 B.C.
12. Surkh Dum at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Mini-Report
13. Northwest Iran: Bronze Age to Iron Age
14. Jiroft and ‘Jiroft – Aratta’
15. Sargon II’s Eighth Campaign: An Introduction and Overview
16. King Midas’ Tumulus at Gordion
17. The Iron Age Background to the Formation of the Phrygian State
18. The Date of the Destruction of the Early Phrygian Period at Gordion
19. Again Gordion’s Early Phrygian Destruction Date: ca. 715 +/- B.C.
20. Urartian Metal Artifacts: An Archaeological Review
Part 2: Artifacts, Cultures, Forgeries, and Provenience
21. The Archaeological Evidence for Relations between Greece and Iran in the First Millennium B.C.
22. Urartian Bells and Samos
23. King Midas of Phrygia and the Greeks
24. Greek and Oriental Cauldron Attachments: A Review
25. Fibulae Represented on Sculpture
26. Phrygian or Lydian?
27. Fibulae and Chronology, Marlik and Assur
28. Parasols in the Ancient Near East
29. The Pope and the Bitter Fanatic
30. The Antiquities Trade and the Destruction of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures
31. The Fifth Column within the Archaeological Realm: The Great Divide
32. Bazaar Archaeology
33. Excavated in the Bazaar: Ashurbanipal’s Beaker
34. Von Bissing’s Memphis Stela: A Product of Cultural Transfer?
35. Gudea or Not Gudea in New York and Detroit: Ancient or Modern?
36 The Veracity of ‘Scientific’ Testing by Conservators
37. ‘Ziwiye’ and Ziwiye: The Forgery of a Provenience
38. Median Art and Medizing Scholarship
39. Modern Constructions of the Oxus Treasures: Forgeries of Provenience and Ancient Culture
40. Excavated and Unexcavated Achaemenian Art

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