Unwelcome Exiles. Mexico and the Jewish Refugees from Nazism, 1933–1945 reconstructs a largely unknown history: during the Second World War, the Mexican government closed its doors to Jewish refugees expelled by the Nazis. In this comprehensive investigation, based on archives in Mexico and the United States, Daniela Gleizer emphasizes the selectiveness and discretionary implementation of post-revolutionary Mexican immigration policy, which sought to preserve
mestizaje—the country’s blend of Spanish and Indigenous people and the ideological basis of national identity—by turning away foreigners considered “inassimilable” and therefore “undesirable.” Through her analysis of
Mexico’s role in the rescue of refugees in the 1930s and 40s, Gleizer challenges the country’s traditional image of itself as a nation that welcomes the persecuted.
This book is a revised and expanded translation of the Spanish
El exilio incómodo. México y los refugiados judíos, 1933-1945, which received an Honorable Mention in the LAJSA Book Prize Award 2013.
Daniela Gleizer, Ph.D. (1970), El Colegio de Mexico, is a research professor at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana in Mexico City. She has published several books and articles on Mexican immigration policy and the history of the Jewish community in Mexico.
Table of contents
Chaper 1: BACKGROUND
Chaper 2: JEWISH REFUGE: A EUROPEAN PROBLEM, 1933–1937
Chapter 3: THE KEY YEAR: 1938
Chapter 4: FROM PROJECTS FOR JEWISH COLONIZATION TO GREATER INFLEXIBILITY, 1939–1940
Chapter 5: SIGNS OF A THAW? THE EARLY YEARS OF MANUEL ÁVILA CAMACHO’S GOVERNMENT, 1941–1942
Chapter 6: THE URGENCY OF REFUGE: 1943–1945
Readers interested in post-revolutionary Mexican history and the role of Mexico as a country of asylum; readers interested in Holocaust history and the rescue of refugees during Nazism.