The Yearbook of Polar Law, is based at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at the University of Akureyri in Iceland and the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (Arctic Centre/University of Lapland) in Finland and covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. These include:
- human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-government vs. self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources and cultural rights and cultural heritage, indigenous traditional knowledge,
- local, national, regional and international governance issues,
- environmental law, climate change, security and environment implications of climate change, protected areas and species,
- regulatory, governance and management agreements and arrangements for marine environments, marine mammals, fisheries conservation and other biological/mineral/oil resources,
- law of the sea, the retreating sea ice, continental shelf claims,
- territorial claims and border disputes on both land and at sea,
- peace and security, dispute settlement,
- jurisdictional and other issues re the exploration, exploitation and shipping of oil, gas and minerals, bio prospecting,
- trade law, potential shipping lines through the northwest and northeast passages, maritime law and transportation law, and
- the roles and actual involvement of international organizations in the Polar Regions, such as the Arctic Council, the Antarctic Treaty System, the European Union, the International Whaling Commission, the Nordic Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the United Nations, as well as NGOs.
This is the fourth volume of
The Yearbook of Polar Law. Much of its contents is derived from the presentations made at the Fourth Akureyri Symposium on Polar Law that was held in Nuuk in Greenland 9-11 September 2011. The themes of the Fourth Symposium covered the whole gamut of polar governance related topics.
General Part Editorial
Timo Koivurova, Gudmundur Alfredsson and Waliul Hasanat; A Speech by the President of Iceland
H.E. Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson; Perspectives of the Arctic Council
Anton Vasiliev; Thoughts on a Greenlandic Constitution
Mininnguaq Kleist; Articles What Could the Arctic Council Learn from the Council of Baltic Sea States in Promoting Arctic Governance?
Matti Niemivuo; The Arctic Council – from Knowledge Production to Influencing Arctic Policy Making
Paula Kankaanpää; The Arctic Council: Promoting Co-operation in the Circumpolar World
Terry Fenge; A Proposal for an Arctic Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone
Thomas S Axworthy; Arctic Governance: Human Rights, Good Governance and Democracy
Gudmundur Alfredsson; Inuit Governance and Contemporary Challenges: New Questions for Arctic Governance
Cécile Pelaudeix; The Inuit Declaration on Sovereignty in the Arctic: Between the Right to Self-Determination and a New Concept of Sovereignty?
Fiammeta Borgia; International Protection Mechanism of Indigenous Peoples
Anatoly Kovler; Tensions Between States and Indigenous People over Natural Resources in light of the 1989 ILO Convention No. 169 Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries and the 2007 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (including relevant national legislation and case-law)
Malgosia Fitzmaurice; Legal Protection of Coastal Sámi Culture and Livelihood in Norway
Øyvind Ravna; Recognition and Enforcement of Indigenous Peoples’ Land Rights in Alaska, the Northern Regions of Canada, Greenland, and Siberia and the Russian Far East
Katja Göcke; Polar Diplomacy in an Age of Climate Change and Energy Dependence – the Role of Greenland in Dealing with China in the Arctic
Damien Degeorges; Human Rights approach to the Protection of Traditional Knowledge: An Appraisal of the Draft Nordic Saami Convention
Kamrul Hossain; The Faroe Islands between Parliamentary Sovereignty and Sub-National Constitutionalism and between Statutory Positivism and Pragmatic Reasoning
Bárður Larsen and Dr Kári á Rógvi; A Critical Analysis of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine of the ECtHR, with Special Attention to Rights of a Traditional Way of Life and a Healthy Environment: A Call for an Alternative Model of International Supervision
Kristin Henrard; The Right to Be a Part of Nature: Greening Human Rights via Strengthening Indigenous Peoples
Leena Heinämäki; Offshore Oil and Gas Regulation in the Arctic: Room for Harmonization?
Betsy Baker; The Barents Sea 2010 Norway-Russia border: The Triumph of the Negotiation Principle at the Expense of the Median- and Sector Line Pretentions
Peter Ørebech; Problem-Solving Capabilities, Goal-Attainment and Effectiveness of the Barents Environmental Cooperation
Nikolas Sellheim; Development of an Environmental Chapter in the Polar Code: Introducing a New Player – Black Carbon
Laura Boone; The Role of International Governance Systems in Protecting the Arctic Environment: Examining Climate Change Policy
Md Waliul Hasanat; Which Canary in the Coalmine? The Arctic in the International Climate Change Regime
Sébastien Duyck; European Interests as regards Resource Exploitation in the Arctic: How Sustainable are European Efforts in this regard?
Antje Neumann; Marine Protected Areas: the Chagos Case and the Need to Marry International Environmental Law with Indigenous Rights
Achinthi Vithanage; Mining and Pollution: Arctic Environmental Law in Greenland and the Mining Industry
Bent Ole Gram Mortensen; Material Talk: The Arctic Continental Shelf in the Law of the Sea Convention Discussion of the United States
Sami Torssonen; The Antarctic Treaty System: What’s on the Horizon?
Dr Julia Jabour; Book Reviews Dwight Newman, 2011.
Community and Collective Rights: A Theoretical Framework for Rights Held by Groups. By
Christina Allard; Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne, 2010.
Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Approaches. By Kati Kulovesi; Eds. Ian Havercroft, Richard Macrory and Richard B Stewart, 2011. Carbon Capture and Storage; Emerging Legal and Regulatory Issues. By Nigel Bankes Ed. Clive R. Symmons, 2011. Selected Contemporary Issues in the Law of the Sea. By Ted L. McDorman; Ken S. Coates et al., 2008. Arctic Front Defending Canada in the Far North; & Shelagh D. Grant, 2010. Polar Imperative A History of Arctic Sovereignty in North America. By Terry Fenge; Eds. Manfred Sapper, Volker Weichsel, Christoph Humrich, 2011. Logbuch Arktis: Der Raum, die Interessen und das Recht. By Ian Kattein;