Early Medieval Art and Archaeology in the Northern World brings together leading experts on the European early Middle Ages in a celebration of the life and work of internationally renowned scholar James Graham-Campbell. The geographical coverage of this volume reflects Graham-Campbell's interests and expertise which ranges from Ireland to Eastern Europe and from Scandinavia to Spain. The new perspectives and original studies offered represent a major contribution to the field of medieval studies, with papers on the art, archaeology, history and literature of European societies between the fifth and thirteenth centuries. Contributors are Noël Adams, Barry Ager, Marion M. Archibald, Birgit Arrhenius, Coleen Batey, Cormac Bourke, Stuart Brookes, Ewan Campbell, Helen Clarke, Martin Comey, Rosemary Cramp, Wendy Davies, Ben Edwards, Signe Horn Fuglesang, Richard Gem, David Griffiths, Mark A. Handley, Birgitta Hårdh, Negley Harte, David A. Hinton, Ingegerd Holand, Judith Jesch, Alan Lane, Mick Monk, Richard North, Raghnall Ó Floinn, Patrick Ottaway, Raymond I. Page, Caroline Paterson, Neil Price, Barry Raftery, Mark Redknap, Andrew Reynolds, Ian Riddler, Else Roesdahl, John Sheehan, Alison Stones, Gudrun Sveinbjarnardóttir, Gabor Thomas, Nicola Trzaska-Nartowski, Patrick F. Wallace, Leslie Webster, Naimh Whitfield, Gareth Williams, Sir David Wilson and Sue Youngs.
Andrew Reynolds is Professor of Medieval Archaeology at the UCL Institute of Archaeology, where he took his BA (1993) and PhD (1998). His recent books include
Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs (OUP, 2009) and (ed. with Julio Escalona)
Scale and Scale Change in the Early Middle Ages (Brepols, 2011).
Leslie Webster is former Keeper of the Department of Prehistory and Europe at the British Museum and an Honorary Visiting Pofessor at the UCL Institute of Archaeology. As Senior Curator of the Anglo-Saxon collections at the BM she also cocurated several major exhibitions on early medieval themes. Her most recent book is
Anglo-Saxon Art, a new History (British Museum Publications, 2012).
Table of contents
Foreword ... . xi David M. . Wilson Preface ... . xv List of Contributors ... . xvii List of Illustrations ... . xxi James Graham-Campbell: A Bibliography, Compiled by Martin Comey ... . xxxix OBJECTS Hanging Basins and the Wine-Coloured Sea: The Wider Context of Early Medieval Hanging Bowls ... . 3 . . Noël Adams The Wilton Cross Coin Pendant: Numismatic Aspects and Implications ... . 51 . . Marion M. . Archibald A Lost Pendant Cross from Near Catterick Bridge, Yorkshire ... . 73 . . Rosemary Cramp Gabatae Saxiscae: Saxon Bowls in the Churches of Rome during the Eighth and Ninth Centuries ... . 87 . . Richard Gem ‘All Shapes and Sizes’: Anglo-Saxon Knives c. . 700–1100 ... . 111 . . Patrick Ottaway A Remarkable Anglo-Saxon Gold Finger-Ring from Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire ... . 139 . . Leslie Webster An Anglo-Saxon Bone Acanthus-Leaf Mount from Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire ... . 153 . . David A. . Hinton Hybridity and Identity in Early Medieval Wales: An Enamelled Class G Brooch from Goodwick, Pembrokeshire ... . 163 . . Ewan Campbell Ring Rattle on Swift Steeds: Equestrian Equipment from Early Medieval Wales ... . 177 . . Mark Redknap Viking and Late Norse Ceramic Baking Plates in the Hebrides ... . 211 . . Alan Lane A Gold Finger-Ring Found Near Tipperary, Ireland ... . 231 . . Niamh Whitfield The Insular Comb ... . 259 . . Ian Riddler and Nicola Trzaska-Nartowski Two Ninth-Century Pails from Ireland ... . 275 . . Martin G. . Comey Weights and Weight Systems in Viking Age Ireland ... . 301 . . Patrick F. . Wallace A Medieval Sword and Scabbard from the River Bann ... . 317 . . Cormac Bourke Some Viking Weapons in Sigvatr’s Verse ... . 341 . . Judith Jesch An Anglo-Saxon Disc-Brooch From Sjorring, Jutland ... . 359 . . Raghnall Ó Floinn Two Viking Age Pendants from Iceland ... . 371 . . Guðrún Sveinbjarnardóttir Medieval Bronze Bowls from North Norway and Their Context: Sami or Norse? ... . 383 . . Ingegerd Holand An Important Late Merovingian or Early Carolingian Sword in the Yorkshire Museum ... . 409 . . Barry Ager HOARDS A Casket Fit for a West Saxon Courtier? The Plumpton Hoard and Its Place in the Minor Arts of Late Saxon England ... . 425 . . Gabor Thomas The ‘Northern Hoards’ Revisited: Hoards and Silver Economy in the Northern Danelaw in the Early Tenth Century ... . 459 . . Gareth Williams Cuerdale: An Update from North-West England ... . 487 . . B.J.N. . Edwards The Context of the 1858 Skaill Hoard ... . 501 . . David Griffiths The Silver Hoard from Skovvang, Bornholm ... . 527 . . Birgitta Hårdh Treasure—A View from the South ... . 541 . . Wendy Davies PLACES Anglo-Saxon Civil Defence in the Localities: A Case Study of the Avebury Region ... . 561 . . Andrew Reynolds and Stuart Brookes The Liberty of Sandwich, Kent, c. . 1300 and Its Implications for Earlier Topography ... . 607 . . Helen Clarke A Viking Burial at Balnakeil, Sutherland ... . 631 . . Colleen E. . Batey and Caroline Paterson Early Finds of Viking Graves in the Isle of Man ... . 663 . . David M. . Wilson Viking Age Agriculture in Ireland and Its Settlement Context ... . 685 . . Mick Monk The Reliability of the Alleged Early Lough Gara Iron ... . 719 . . Barry Raftery Viking Brittany: Revisiting the Colony that Failed ... . 731 . . Neil Price Saxons, Britons and Scots: Pilgrims, Travellers and Exiles on the Continent ... . 743 . . Mark A. . Handley STYLE, SYMBOL AND MEANING William Nicolson’s Drawing of the Main Text of the Bewcastle Cross ... . 781 . . R.I. . Page ‘Little Men’ and the Missing Link: Irish Anthropomorphic Vessel Mounts ... . 789 . . Susan Youngs Viking Raiding, Gift-Exchange and Insular Metalwork in Norway ... . 809 . . John Sheehan Copying and Creativity in Early Viking Ornament ... . 825 . . Signe Horn Fuglesang Finds of Treasure and Their Interpretation with Special Reference to Some Hoards Found in Birka and on Bjorko ... . 843 . . Birgit Arrhenius King Harald’s Rune-Stone in Jelling: Methods and Messages ... . 859 . . Else Roesdahl A Note on the Beard-Pulling Motif: A Meeting between East and West, or a Northern Import? ... . 877 . . Alison Stones Old English ‘Wopes Hring’ and the Old Norse Myth of Baldr ... . 893 . . Richard North END PIECES Endnote ... . 911 Negley Harte Index ... . 915 i-
The book will be of interest to anyone concerned with the European Early Middle Ages, and accessible to the educated layman and undergraduate as well as to specialists.