Naples was one of the largest cities in early modern Europe, and for about two centuries the largest city in the global empire ruled by the kings of Spain. Its crowded and noisy streets, the height of its buildings, the number and wealth of its churches and palaces, the celebrated natural beauty of its location, the many antiquities scattered in its environs, the fiery volcano looming over it, the drama of its people’s devotions, the size and liveliness - to put it mildly - of its plebs, all made Naples renowned and at times notorious across Europe. The new essays in this volume aim to introduce this important, fascinating, and bewildering city to readers unfamiliar with its history.
Contributors are: Tommaso Astarita, John Marino, Giovanni Muto, Vladimiro Valerio, Gaetano Sabatini, Aurelio Musi, Giulio Sodano, Carlos José Hernando Sánchez, Elisa Novi Chavarria, Gabriel Guarino, Giovanni Romeo, Peter Mazur, Angelantonio Spagnoletti, J. Nicholas Napoli, Gaetana Cantone, Anthony DelDonna, Sean Cocco, Melissa Calaresu, Nancy Canepa, David Gentilcore, Diana Carrió-Invernizzi, and Anna Maria Rao.
The publisher, editor, and contributors mourn the passing of Gaetana Cantone, who died in April 2013.
Tommaso Astarita received his Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University in 1988 and is professor of History at Georgetown University: he has published two monographs on the early modern South of Italy, as well as an overview of the history of the South from antiquity to the present.
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List of Illustrations and Illustration Credits ... ix
Author Biographies ... xiii
Introduction: “Naples is the Whole World” ... 1 -
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PART ONE: THE CITY
1. Constructing the Past of Early Modern Naples: Sources and Historiography ... 11
John A. Marino
2. Urban Structures and Population ... 35
3. Representation and Self-Perception: Plans and Views of Naples in the Early Modern Period ... 63
PART TWO: ECONOMY AND POLITICS
4. Economy and Finance in Early Modern Naples ... 89
5. Governing the City ... 109
6. Political History ... 131
7. Nation and Ceremony: Political Uses of Urban Space in Viceregal Naples ... 153
Carlos José Hernando Sánchez
PART THREE: SOCIETY AND RELIGION
8. The Space of Women ... 177
Elisa Novi Chavarria
9. The Naples Elites between City and Kingdom ... 197
10. A Mediterranean Port in the Confessional Age: Religious Minorities in Early Modern Naples ... 215
Peter A. Mazur
11. Inquisition and Church in Early Modern Naples ... 235
12. Public Rituals and Festivals in Naples, 1503–1799 ... 257
13. Tempi sì calamitosi: Epidemic Disease and Public Health ... 281
PART FOUR: CULTURE, ART, AND INTELLECTUAL LIFE
14. The Visual Arts ... 309
J. Nicholas Napoli
15. The City’s Architecture ... 331
16. Neapolitan Musical Culture in the Early Modern Period ... 359
Anthony R. DelDonna
17. Royal and Viceregal Art Patronage in Naples (1500–1800) ... 383
18. The Enlightenment in Naples ... 405
19. Literary Culture in Naples, 1500–1800 ... 427
Nancy L. Canepa
20. Locating the Natural Sciences in Early Modern Naples ... 453
Conclusion: Why Naples’s History Matters ... 477
Anna Maria Rao
Glossary of Important Italian Terms Used in Several Essays ... 491
Kings, Viceroys, and Archbishops ... 493
Bibliography ... 497
Index ... 499
Scholars and graduate students working on early modern Europe, urban history, Italy, the Spanish empire, as well as the histories of early modern music, art, and science.