Other Fronts, Other Wars? goes beyond the Western Front geographically and delves behind the trenches focusing on the social and cultural history of the First World War: it covers front experiences in the Ottoman and Russian Armies, captivity in Japan and Turkey, occupation at the Eastern war theatre, medical history (epidemics in Serbia, medical treatment in Germany) and war relief (disabled soldiers in Austria). It studies the home front from the aspect of gender (loosing manliness), transnational comparisons (provincial border towns) and culture (home front entertainments in European metropoles) and gives insight on how attitudes were shaped through intellectual wars of scientists and through commemoration in Serbia. Thus the volume offers a wide range of new approaches to the history of the First World War.
Contributors are Kate Arrioti, Altai Atlı, Gunda Barth-Scalmani, Joachim Bürgschwentner, Wolfram Dornik, Indira Durakovic, Matthias Egger, Maciej Górny, Andrea Griffante, Ke-chin Hsia, Rudolf Kučera, Eva Krivanec, Stephan Lehnstaedt, Bernhard Liemann, Tilman Lüdke, Andrea McKenzie, Mahon Murphy, Nicolas Patin, Livia Prüll, Philipp Rauh, Paul Simmons, Christian Steppan and Katarina Todić.
Joachim Bürgschwentner, Mag. phil., is assistant at the Department of History and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Innsbruck. His research and publications focus on cultural history, war relief, mobilisation and visual media of the First World War.
Matthias Egger, Mag. phil., is Ph.D. candidate in history at the University of Innsbruck. His research and publications focus on 1848, prisoners of war and war relief during the First World War.
Gunda Barth-Scalmani, Dr. phil., is assistant professor at the Department of History at the University of Innsbruck. Her research and publications deal with various topics of Austrian History from the late 18th century to the First World War.
"The overall purpose of this volume is to take the readers through a multitude of war theatres, not just in the geographical sense, away from the Western Front. The organizers first and the editors later certainly should be commended for their work, as this book represents a new approach and an exciting read... This is indeed a very interesting volume that includes cutting-edge research on the war... an excellent choice in order to get a better understanding of the First World War."
War in History 24.3 (2017)
Table of contents
List of Figures…xi
Notes on Contributors…xiii
Introduction: Approaching the Centenary 1914–2014…1
Matthias Egger, Joachim Bürgschwentner and Gunda Barth-Scalmani
Part 1: Diverging Front Experiences
1 Lethal Journey between Four Fronts: First World War Experiences of the Reichstag’s Deputies…19
2 Combating Desertion and Voluntary Surrender in the Russian Army During the First World War …41
3 Baptism by Snow: The Ottoman Experience of Winter Warfare During the First World War… 62
4 “Our common colonial voices”: Canadian Nurses, Patient Relations, and Nation on Lemnos …92
Part 2: Towards a Cultural History of Captivity
5 Brucken, Beethoven und Baumkuchen: German and Austro-Hungarian Prisoners of War and the Japanese Home Front …125
6 Australian Prisoners of the Turks: Negotiating Culture Clash in Captivity …146
7 The Camp Newspaper Nedelja as a Reflection of the Experience of Russian Prisoners of War in Austria-Hungary… 167
Part 3: Occupation on the Eastern War Theatre
8 Two Kinds of Occupation? German and Austro-Hungarian Economic Policy in Congress Poland, 1915–1918 …197
9 A School of Violence and Spatial Desires? Austro-Hungarian Experiences of War in Eastern Europe, 1914–1918 …218
10 We and Homeland: German Occupation, Lithuanian Discourse, and War Experience in Ober Ost …237
Part 4: Medical History and War Relief
11 Serbia as a Health Threat to Europe: The Wartime Typhus Epidemic, 1914–1915 …259
12 Other Fronts, Other Diseases? Comparisons of Front-specific Practices in Medical Treatment …280
Philipp Rauh and Livia Prüll
13 Who Provided Care for Wounded and Disabled Soldiers? Conceptualizing State-Civil Society Relationship in First World War Austria …303
Part 5: War at Home: Gender, Space and Entertainment
14 Losing Manliness: Bohemian Workers and the Experience of the Home Front …331
15 The Transformation of Local Public Spheres: German, Belgian and Dutch Border Towns during the First World War Compared …349
16 War on Stage. Home Front Entertainment in European Metropolises 1914–1918 …370
Part 6: The Shaping of Attitudes and Opinions
17 Strange Fronts, Strange Wars: Germany’s Battle for “Islam” in the Middle East during the First World War, and British Reactions …389
18 War between Allies: Polish and Ukrainian Intellectuals 1914–1923… 415
Part 7: Remembering the First World War
19 In the Name of Father and Son: Remembering the First World War in Serbia… 437
20 The Memory Landscape of the South-Western Front: Cultural Legacy, Promotion of Tourism, or European Heritage? …463
Index of Places …505
Index of Names …514
All interested in the history of the First World War (institutes, specialists, undergraduats, graduate students, educated laymen).