Navigating Straits

Challenges for International Law

The importance of straits, particularly those used in international navigation, has been long recognized in international law. One of the important debates during the Third United Nations Law of the Sea Conference concerned the regime of passage through straits used in international navigation. The result was the creation of a multi-tiered legal framework of passage that included the entirely a new “transit passage” regime. Although over thirty years have passed since the adoption of the 1982 United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea, the vital role played by straits in the global communications network continues to be surrounded by conflicts between the interests of coastal states and shipping. Challenges still exist to achieving the simultaneous global goals of secure passage of vessels and protection of the marine environment.

In Navigating Straits: Challenges for International Law, internationally recognized international law scholars provide in-depth analysis of the legal challenges in straits concerning security, piracy, safety and environmental protection. All readers interested in international and law of the sea will find this seminal volume of interest.
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Biographical Note

Professor David Caron is Dean of The Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London. He relocated to London in May 2013 from California, where he was the C. William Maxeiner Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California at Berkeley and Co-Director of the Law of the Sea Institute. He currently serves, among other things, as a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Rule of Law, member of the U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Public International Law, and as a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law.

Nilufer Oral is a member of the Faculty of Law at Istanbul Bilgi University and is Deputy Directory of the Istanbul Bilgi Research Center for the Law of the Sea. She also serves as co‐chair of the IUCN Specialist Group on Oceans, Coasts and Coral Reefs for the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law, and is Chair of the IUCN Academy on Environmental Law. She is a Distinguished Senior Visiting Scholar at Law of the Sea Institute, UC Berkeley School of Law (2011-2014).

Table of contents

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION BY EDITORS

PART I
The Straits Regime in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention

CHAPTER 1
THE GREAT STRAITS DEBATE: THE CONFLICT, DEBATE, AND COMPROMISE THAT SHAPED THE STRAITS ARTICLES OF THE 1982 UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA.
by Dean David D. Caron

CHAPTER 2
RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF STRAIT STATES
by Jon M. Van Dyke

PART II
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT

CHAPTER 3
MAKING OR BREAKING THE INTERNATIONAL LAW OF TRANSIT PASSAGE? MEETING ENVIRONMENTAL AND SAFETY CHALLENGES IN THE TORRES STRAIT WITH COMPULSORY PILOTAGE
by Donald K. Anton

CHAPTER 4
CANADA AND THE GOVERNANCE OF THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE: ROUGH WATERS, COOPERATIVE CURRENTS, SEA OF CHALLENGES
by David L. VanderZwaag

PART III
SPECIAL REGIMES

CHAPTER 5
THE BALTIC STRAITS
by Said Mahmoudi

CHAPTER 6
THE STRAIT OF MESSINA AND THE PRESENT REGIME OF INTERNATIONAL STRAITS
by Tullio Scovazzi

CHAPTER 7
PROTECTION OF THE SEA LANES IN THE JEJU WATERS AND MARITIME COOPERATION IN NORTHEAST ASIA
by Boo-Chan Kim and Seokwoo Lee

CHAPTER 8
ARTICLE 35(C) STRAITS OF THE UN LAW OF THE SEA CONVENTION
by Dolunay Özbek

CHAPTER 9
THE TURKISH STRAITS AND THE THE LEGAL REGIME OF PASSAGE
by Yüksel Inan

CHAPTER 10
THE SEA OF AZOV AND THE KERCH STRAITS
by Alexander Skaridov

PART IV
SECURITY, PIRACY AND TERRORISM

CHAPTER 11
IMO POLICIES AND ACTIONS REGARDING PIRACY
by Captain J. Ashley Roach, JAGC, USN (retired)

CHAPTER 12
SECURING THE WORLD'S MOST DANGEROUS STRAIT? THE BAB-AL MANDEB AND GULF OF ADEN
by Clive Schofield

CHAPTER 13
SECURITY, PIRACY AND TERRORISM IN THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE
by Mary George

CHAPTER 14
SAFETY AND SECURITY ISSUES IN THE TAIWAN STRAIT – SOME REFLECTIONS
Kuen-chen FU

CHAPTER 15
COOPERATION IN THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE
Takashi Ichioka

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