Learning to Write Effectively: Current Trends in European Research


This book provides a detailed overview of current or recent research exploring a wide range of ideas, theories, and practices around written text production. European researchers from a broad range of disciplines brought together under the European Research Network on Learning to Write Effectively were instructed to contribute short papers summarising their current activity. The papers are grouped around the four main themes. The first deals with issues around the development of basic ("low-level") writing skills, mainly in the early years of education. The second section focuses directly on issues around the teaching and learning of writing. This is divided into five parts that describe: evaluations of different forms of writing instruction, research exploring the processes by which writers learn, methods of text assessment in educational contexts, research exploring the effects of various learner and teacher variables on the development of writing skill, and conceptions of and variation in educational text genres. The third section reports research exploring effective document design. The final section has a main focus on tools for exploring the writing process.
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Review Quote

"Learning to write effectively contributes to our fundamental knowledge of how we learn to write in many
different contexts and how this is changing with the advent of new technology. The book adds to our knowledge, and it does so from an unusual—European—perspective. Researchers in the field will find it a useful resource for finding out what is going on and for making contact with European colleagues." James Hartley, British Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 70-71.

Table of contents

Foreword: Writing as a Societal Question in Europe
Introduction: Why We Need Writing Research

1.00.01. Introduction: Writing Development
Liliana Tolchinsky

1.00.02. Early Development of Handwriting Motor Skills
Olga Soler Vilageliu, Sonia Kandel and Melina Aparici Aznar

1.00.03. Effects of Orthographic Consistency on Children’s Spelling Development
Marie-Claire Hazard, Bruno De Cara and Lucile Chanquoy

1.00.04. Acquisition of Spelling Skills with Regard to the Norwegian Language
Astrid Skaathun and Per Henning Uppstad

1.00.05. The Impact of Open and Closed Vowels on the Evolution of Pre-School Children’s Writing
Cristina Silva and Margarida Alves

1.00.06. Copying Ability in Primary School: A Working Memory Approach
Christian Weinzierl, Joachim Grabowski and Markus Schmitt

1.00.07. Acquisition of Linearization in Writing, from Grades 5 to 9
Lucie Beauvais, Monik Favart, Jean-Michel Passerault and Thierry Olive

1.00.08. Construct-Relevant or Construct-Irrelevant Variance in Measures of Reading?
Oddny Judith Solheim and Per Henning Uppstad

1.00.09. Studying Written Language Development in Different Contexts, Languages and Writing Systems
Liliana Tolchinsky and Joan Perera

1.00.10. The Impact of Oral Language Skills on Children’s Production of Written Text
Julie Dockrell, Vincent Connelly, Geoff Lindsay and Clare Mackie

1.00.11. The Development of Written Language in Children with Language Impairment
Judy Reilly, Jun O’Hara, Darin Woolpert, Nayme´ Salas, Beverly Wulfeck and Liliana Tolchinsky

1.00.12. Improving Anaphoric Cohesion in Deaf Students’ Writing
Barbara Arfe´, Pietro Boscolo and Silvia Sacilotto

2.00.01. Introduction: Teaching and Learning Writing
Montserrat Castello´ and Otto Kruse

Subsection 2.01: Writing Instruction
2.01.01. Implementation of Self-Regulated Writing Strategies in Elementary Classes
Sandra Budde

2.01.02. Evaluating Cognitive Self-Regulation Instruction for Developing
Students’ Writing Competence
Raquel Fidalgo, Mark Torrance, Patricia Robledo and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.03. Are Help Levels Effective in Textual Revision?
Olga Arias-Gundı´n and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.04. A Spanish Research Line Focused on the Improvement of
Writing Composition in Students With and Without LD
Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a and Esther Garcı´a-Martı´n

2.01.05. Results of Writing Products After a Motivational Intervention Programme According to Students’ Motivational Levels
Ana M. de Caso and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.06. Can Different Instructional Programmes Achieve Different Results on Students’ Writing Attitudes and Writing
Ana M. de Caso and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.07. Enhancing Writing Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Students With Learning Disabilities Improves Their Writing Processes and Writing Products
Ana M. de Caso and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.08. Comparative Studies of Strategy and Self-Regulated Interventions in Students With Learning Disabilities
Raquel Fidalgo and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.09. Instructional and Developmental Online Approaches of Writing Composition in Students With and Without
Learning Disabilities
Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a, Marı´a-Lourdes A ´ lvarez, Carmen Dı´ez and Patricia Robledo

2.01.10. Effective Characteristics of Intervention Programmes Focused on Writing and Agenda
Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a and Esther Garcı´a-Martı´n

2.01.11. Improving Struggling Writers via Digital Recordings
Margunn Mossige and Per Henning Uppstad

2.01.12. Non-Fiction Writing in Lower Secondary School
Anne Ha˚land

2.01.13. Observational Learning in Argumentative Writing
Martine Braaksma, Gert Rijlaarsdam and Huub van den Bergh

2.01.14. Hypertext Writing: Learning and Transfer Effects
Martine Braaksma, Gert Rijlaarsdam and Huub van den Bergh

2.01.15. Effective Instructional Strategies in Collaborative Revision in EFL: Two Empirical Studies
Elke Van Steendam, Gert Rijlaarsdam, Lies Sercu and Huub van den Bergh

2.01.16. Tutoring the End-of-Studies Dissertation: Helping Psychology Students Find Their Personal Voice When Revising Academic Texts
Montserrat Castello´, Anna In˜esta, Marta Pardo, Eva Liesa and Reinaldo Martı´nez-Ferna´ndez

2.01.17. Learning Philosophy by Writing in a Community of Learning
Mariona Corcelles and Montserrat Castello´

2.01.18. Improving Students’ Academic Writing: The Results of Two Empirical Projects
Helmut Gruber, Birgit Huemer and Markus Rheindorf

2.01.19. Classroom Teaching of Writing Throughout Schooling
Luı´sa A ´ lvares Pereira, Ineˆs Cardoso and M. Jose´ Loureiro

2.01.20. Teaching Reading and Writing to Learn in Primary Education
Isabel Martı´nez, Elena Martı´n and Mar Mateos

2.01.21. Effects of Being a Reader and Observing Readers on Argumentative Writing
Noreen S. Moore and Charles A. MacArthur

2.01.22. Writing and Text Genre Acquisition Among 4- to 8-Year-Old Icelandic Children
Rannveig Oddsdo´ttir, Freyja Birgisdo´ttir and Hrafnhildur Ragnarsdo´ttir

2.01.23. Parental Intervention in Improving Children’s Writing and Their Achievement
Patricia Robledo and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

2.01.24. Supporting Children in Improving Their Presentation of School Reports
Hans van der Meij

Subsection 2.02: Learners’ Writing Processes
2.02.01. Explaining Knowledge Change Through Writing
Veerle Baaijen, David Galbraith and Kees de Glopper

2.02.02. Patterns of Meta-Cognitive Processing During Writing: Variation According to Reported Writing Profile
Marion Tillema, Huub van den Bergh, Gert Rijlaarsdam and Ted Sanders

2.02.03. Formulating Activities in L1 and L2 and Their Relation With Text Quality
Daphne van Weijen, Marion Tillema and Huub van den Bergh

2.02.04. Relationship Between Text Quality and Management of the Writing Processes
Caroline Beauvais, Thierry Olive and Jean-Michel Passerault

2.02.05. Spanish Children’s Use of Writing Strategies When Composing Texts in English as a Foreign Language
Jose´ Marı´a Campillo Ferrer, Sonia Lo´pez Serrano and Julio Roca de Larios

2.02.06. The Effects of Dyslexia on the Writing Processes of Students in Higher Education
David Galbraith, Veerle Baaijen, Jamie Smith-Spark and Mark Torrance

2.02.07. Subcomponents of Writing Literacy: Diagnosis and Didactical Support
Joachim Grabowski, Michael Becker-Mrotzek, Matthias Knopp, Nicole Nachtwei, Christian Weinzierl, Jo¨rg Jost and
Markus Schmitt

2.02.08. What Expert Writers Do When They Don’t Solve Problems? Literate Expertise Revisited
Atle Skaftun and Per Henning Uppstad

2.02.09. Effects of Creative Writing on Students’ Literary Response
Tanja Janssen

2.02.10. Writing Summaries and Syntheses to Learn in Secondary and Higher Education
Isabel Sole´, Mariana Miras, Marta Gra`cia, Nuria Castells, Sandra Espino, Mar Mateos, Elena Martı´n, Isabel Cuevas and Ruth Villalo´n

Subsection 2.03: Text Assessment
2.03.01. CEFLING: Combining Second Language Acquisition and Testing Approaches to Writing
Maisa Martin, Riikka Alanen, Ari Huhta, Paula Kalaja, Katja Ma¨ntyla¨, Mirja Tarnanen and A ˚ sa Palviainen

2.03.02. Designing and Assessing L2 Writing Tasks Across CEFR Proficiency Levels
Riikka Alanen, Ari Huhta, Maisa Martin, Mirja Tarnanen, Katja Ma¨ntyla¨, Paula Kalaja and A ˚ sa Palviainen

2.03.03. What Is ‘Improvement’ in L2 French Writing?
Cecilia Gunnarsson

2.03.04. DESI — Text Production
Astrid Neumann

2.03.05. Indicator Model of Students’ Writing Skills (IMOSS)
Astrid Neumann and Swantje Weinhold

2.03.06. Assessment of Written Proficiency: Finnish-Speaking University Students Writing in Swedish
A ˚sa Palviainen 239

2.03.07. Development of Written and Spoken Narratives and Expositories in Icelandic
Hrafnhildur Ragnarsdo´ttir

Subsection 2.04: Learner and Teacher Variables
2.04.01. What Do Portuguese University Students Say About Their Writing in Exams?
Jose´ Branda˜o Carvalho

2.04.02. The Impact of Educational Experiences on Writing Processes and Products
Florentina Nicola´s Conesa

2.04.03. Taking and Using Notes and Learning Approach in University Students
Sandra Espino and Mariana Miras

2.04.04. The Effect of Beliefs on Writing Synthesis from Multiple Texts
Mar Mateos, Isabel Cuevas, Elena Martı´n, Ana Martı´n, Maria Luna, Gerardo Echeita, Mariana Miras, Isabel Sole´,
Nuria Castells, Sandra Espino and Marta Minguela

2.04.05. The Dynamics of Writing Beliefs and Composing Strategies
Florentina Nicola´s Conesa

2.04.06. Does the Quality of Teaching Determine Students’ Achievement in Writing?
Deilis-Ivonne Pacheco-Sanz, Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a and Carmen Dı´ez

2.04.07. Perspective Taking: A Prerequisite of Communicative Writing
Markus Schmitt and Joachim Grabowski

2.04.08. Development of Fluency in First and Foreign Language Writing
Eva Lindgren, Kirk Sullivan and Kristyan Spelman Miller

2.04.09. Writing Counter to Personal Opinion: Can Advanced Communication Students Set Aside Their Own Understanding of a Field?
Denis Alamargot and Ce´line Beaudet

2.04.10. Peer Interaction in Students With/Without Learning Disabilities in Writing (LD, NLD and ADHD)
Carmen Dı´ez, Deilis-Ivonne Pacheco-Snaz and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

Subsection 2.05: Genre in Educational Contexts
2.05.01. Academic Genres in French Humanities
Isabelle Delcambre and Christiane Donahue

2.05.02. Comparing Genres of Academic Writing: Abstracts and Summaries
Cornelia Ilie

2.05.03. Writing Cultures and Student Mobility
Otto Kruse

2.05.04. Students’ Conceptions About Academic Writing
Ruth Villalo´n and Mar Mateos

3.00.01. Introduction: Design of Written Professional Documents
Franck Ganier

3.00.02. Four Characteristics of Procedural Texts
Franck Ganier

3.00.03. The Anatomy of Procedural Instructions
Michae¨l Steehouder

3.00.04. Some Constraints on the Processing of Procedural Instructions
Franck Ganier

3.00.05. Textual Motivational Elements in Cell Phone User Instructions
Nicole Loorbach and Joyce Karreman

3.00.06. Enhancing the Design of Instructions for Use: A Contribution of Cognitive Psychology
Franck Ganier

3.00.07. Writing Easy-to-Read Documents for People With Intellectual Disabilities
R. Ignacio Madrid, Vicenta A ´ vila, Inmaculada Fajardo and Antonio Ferrer

3.00.08. Reading Strategies and Cognitive Load: Implications for the Design of Hypertext Documents
R. Ignacio Madrid, Jose´ J. Can˜as and Herre van Oostendorp

3.00.09. Designing Multimedia Documents for the Workplace
Patricia Wright

3.00.10. Ide´e Suisse: Language Policy and Writing Practice of Public Service Media Journalists
Daniel Perrin, Marcel Burger, Mathias Fu¨rer, Aleksandra Gnach, Michael Schanne and Vinzenz Wyss

4.00.01. Introduction: Tools for Studying and Supporting Writing: Technological Advances in Writing Research
Luuk Van Waes and Anne Mangen

4.00.02. Eye and Pen: A Device to Assess the Temporal Course of Writing Production — Three Studies
Denis Alamargot

4.00.03. EyeWrite — A Tool for Recording Writers’ Eye Movements
Mark Torrance

4.00.04. Reading During Text Production
Roger Johansson, Victoria Johansson, A ˚ sa Wengelin and Kenneth Holmqvist

4.00.05. Inputlog 4.0: Keystroke Logging in Writing Research
Marie¨lle Leijten and Luuk Van Waes

4.00.06. Fluency in Second-Language and in Mother-Tongue Writing Processes
Maarit Mutta

4.00.07. Handwriting versus Typewriting: Behavioural and Cerebral Consequences in Letter Recognition
Jean-Luc Velay and Marieke Longcamp

4.00.08. Text Production in Handwriting versus Computer Typing
Roger Johansson, Victoria Johansson and A ˚ sa Wengelin

4.00.09. The Visual Writer
Gunn Helen Ofstad Oxborough

4.00.10. Computer Capture of Writing Under Keyboard and Handwriting Conditions
Kristyan Spelman Miller

4.00.11. Memory for Word Location: Studies in Writing
Nathalie Le Bigot, Jean-Michel Passerault and Thierry Olive

4.00.12. Writing with PowerPoint
Gisella Paoletti

4.00.13. Modelling Writing Phases
Daniel Perrin and Marc Wildi

4.00.14. Design of an Open Corpus and Computer Tool for Writing Development and Instruction among 8 to 16 Years Old Students With and Without Learning Disabilities
Esther Garcı´a-Martı´n and Jesu´s-Nicasio Garcı´a

4.00.15. Developing Writing Through Observation of Writing Processes Using Keystroke Logging
Eva Lindgren and Kirk Sullivan

4.00.16. The Haptics of Writing: Cross-Disciplinary Explorations of the Impact of Writing Technologies on the Cognitive-Sensorimotor Processes Involved in Writing
Anne Mangen and Jean-Luc Velay

Author Index
Subject Index
List of Volumes


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