Regional Co-operation and Protection of the Marine Environment Under International Law

The Black Sea

Series:

In Regional Co-operation and Protection of the Marine Environment Under International Law: The Black Sea, Nilufer Oral examines the regional co-operation mechanism for protection and preservation of the Black Sea marine environment within the framework of international law, and subsequently identifies the necessary components for a robust regional regime based on best legal practices. The book provides a thorough review of the complex modern challenges related to the Black Sea, with particular emphasis on biodiversity, fisheries, land-based pollution and vessel-based sources of pollution. A history of regional co-operation in the Black Sea offers an enlightening comparison to the development of regional co-operation in international law, in particular, to Part IX of the 1982 United Nations (Montego Bay) Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Further comparative analyses, such as the existing regional regime of the Black Sea as established under the 1992 UNEP Regional Seas Programme, and selected regional seas programmes, including the acquis communautaire of the European Union, cohere into a firm foundation of present findings, upon which basis the author makes recommendations for the future.

All those interested in the Law of the Sea, international environmental law, and fisheries management will find a critical new text in Regional Co-operation and Protection of the Marine Environment Under International Law: The Black Sea.

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Biographical Note

Nilufer Oral is a member of the Faculty of Law at Istanbul Bilgi University and is Deputy Directory of the Istanbul Bilgi Marine Research Center for the Law of the Sea.She also serves as co‐chair of the IUCN Specialist Group on Oceans, Coasts and Coral Reefs for the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, Chair of the IUCN Academy on Environmental Law and is a member of the Board of Governors of the International Ocean Institute in Malta.

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ABBREVIATIONS

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL CO-OPERATION IN THE BLACK SEA 18

CHAPTER II
STATE OF THE BLACK SEA: THE MAKING AND UNMAKING OF A SEA

CHAPTER III
THE REGIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF THE BLACK SEA MARINE ENVIRONMENT

CHAPTER IV
MARINE BIODIVERSITY IN THE BLACK SEA

CHAPTER V
SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES GOVERNANCE AND REGIONAL CO-OPERATION FOR THE BLACK SEA

CHAPTER VI
LAND-BASED SOURCES OF POLLUTION: THE BLACK SEA AND BEYOND

CHAPTER VII
VESSEL SOURCE POLLUTION AND OFFSHORE ACTIVITIES IN THE BLACK SEA

CHAPTER VIII
GAPS, LESSONS LEARNED AND RECOMMENDATIONS