New investigations on the content, impact, and criticism of Aristotelianism in Antiquity, the Late Middle Ages, and modern ethics show that Aristotelianism is not an obsolete monolithic doctrine but a living and evolving tradition within philosophy. Modern philosophy and science are sometimes understood as anti-Aristotelian, and Early Modern philosophers often conceived their philosophical project as opposing medieval Aristotelianism.
New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics brings to light the inner complexity of these simplified oppositions by analysing Aristotle’s philosophy, the Aristotelian tradition, and criticism towards it within three topics – knowledge, rights, and the good life – in ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy. It explores the resources of Aristotle’s philosophy for breaking through some central impasses and simplified dichotomies of the philosophy of our time.
Contributors are: John Drummond, Sabine Föllinger, Hallvard Fossheim, Sara Heinämaa, Roberto Lambertini, Virpi Mäkinen, Fred D. Miller, Diana Quarantotto, and Miira Tuominen
Miira Tuominen, PhD (2002) is University Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, currently working as Academy Research Fellow. She has published monographs, edited works, and articles on a vast range of subjects in ancient philosophy, especially ancient philosophy of science and philosophical psychology.
Sara Heinämaa is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Jyväskylä and the leader of the research community Subjectivity, Historicity, Communality at the University of Helsinki. Heinämaa is well-known for her work on embodiment, intersubjectivity, and generativity. She has published widely on phenomenology and the history of philosophy.
Virpi Mäkinen D.Theol. (1999) is Senior Lecturer in Systematic Theology, currently acting as Professor of Philosophy of Religion at the University of Helsinki. Mäkinen has published monographs, edited volumes, and articles on medieval and early modern politics and history of ideas.
Table of contents
Introduction: Aristotelian Challenges to Contemporary Philosophy – Nature, Knowledge, and the Good
I SCIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE
1. Aristotle’s Natural Teleology Seen from Above: A ‘Cosmogony’ of the Means-Goal Relation,
Diana Quarantotto 2. Discursivity in Aristotle’s Biological Writings,
Sabine Föllinger 3. Naturalised versus Normative Epistemology: An Aristotelian Alternative,
II JUSTICE AND NATURAL RIGHTS
4. Did Plato and Aristotle Recognize Human Rights?,
Fred Miller 5. The Debate about Natural Rights in the Middle Ages: The Issue of Franciscan Poverty,
Roberto Lambertini 6. The Impact of Ancient Legal and Philosophical Ideas on the Late Medieval Rights Discourse,
III MORALITY AND THE GOOD LIFE
7. The Fortunes of Virtue Ethics,
Hallvard Fossheim 8. Husserl’s Phenomenological Axiology and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics,
John Drummond 9. Husserl’s Ethics of Renewal: A Personalistic Approach,
All interested in the history of philosophy, especially ancient and medieval philosophy, and phenomenology and anyone concerned with epistemology, ethics, as well as moral and political philosophy, and theology.