Anthropomorphism – the projection of the human form onto the every aspect of the world – closely relates to early modern notions of analogy and microcosm. What had been construed in Antiquity as a ready metaphor for the order of creation was reworked into a complex system relating the human body to the body of the world. Numerous books and images - cosmological diagrams, illustrated treatises of botany and zoology, maps, alphabets, collections of ornaments, architectural essays – are entirely constructed on the anthropomorphic analogy. Exploring the complexities inherent in such work, the interdisciplinary essays in this volume address how the anthropomorphic model is fraught with contradictions and tensions, between magical and rational, speculative and practical thought.
Contributors include Pamela Brekka, Anne-Laure van Bruaene, Ralph Dekoninck, Agnès Guiderdoni, Christopher P. Heuer, Sarah Kyle, Walter S. Melion, Christina Normore, Elizabeth Petcu, Bertrand Prevost, Bret Rothstein, Paul Smith, Miya Tokumitsu, Michel Weemans, and Elke Werner.
Michel Weemans, Ph.D. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, is Chercheur-Qualifie at the Ecole nationale superieure d'art de Bourges. His exhibition catalogues include
Le paysage extravagant (2009) and
Fables du paysage flamand: Bosch, Bles, Brueghel, Bril (2012). He is co-editor of
Paysage sacré/Sacred Landscape (2011).
Walter S. Melion, Ph.D. (1988) in Art History, University of California, Berkeley, is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History at Emory University. His books include
Karel van Mander's 'Schilder-Boeck': Shaping the Netherlandish Canon (1991) and
The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625 (2009), along with numerous edited volumes.
Bret Rothstein, Ph.D. University of California, Santa Barbara, is Associate Professor of the History of Art at Indiana University, Bloomington. He is the author of
Sight and Spirituality in Early Netherlandish Painting (Cambridge, 2005), as well as various articles on the history of visual culture.
A “scintillating collection” and a “generous
Kunstkammer of a book.”
Martha Hollander, Hofstra University. In:
Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 69, No. 1 (Spring 2016), pp. 255-256.
Table of contents
List of Illustrations Notes on the Editors Notes on the Contributors
Michel Weemans and Bertrand Prévost
ANTHROPOMORPHISM AND THE ORDER OF THINGS
Delineating the Boundaries of the Human
1 Revolting Beasts: Animal Satire and Animal Trials in the Dutch Revolt
Anne-Laure van Bruaene
2 Monkey in the Middle
3 Landscape and Body in Rabelais’s Gargantua and Pantagruel
Paul J. Smith
4 The Migrating Cannibal: Anthropophagy at Home and at the Edge of the World
Empathy and the Constitution of the Self
5 Picturing the Soul, Living and Departed
Nathalie de Brézé
6 Patience Grows: The First Roots of Joris Hoefnagel’s Emblematic Art
7 The ‘Album Αmicorum’ and the Kaleidoscope of the Self: Notes on the Friendship Book of Jacob Heyblocq
Visualizing the Body Politic
8 Picturing the ‘Living’ Tabernacle in the Antwerp Polyglot Bible
Pamela Merrill Brekka
9 A New Heraldry: Vision and Rhetoric in the ‘Carrara Herbal’
Sarah R. Kyle
10 Anthropomorphic Maps: On the Aesthetic Form and Political Function of Body Metaphors in the Early Modern Europe Discourse
Elke Anna Werner
FIGURATION AND SEMIOTIC POTENTIAL
Anthropomorphosis and Its Critics
11 Prodigies of Nature, Wonders of the Hand: Political Portents and Divine: Artifice in Haarlem ca. 1600
Walter S. Melion
12 Between Fiction and Reality: The Image Body in the Early Modern Theory of the Symbol
Anthropomorphosis and Its Conditions
13 Anthropomorphizing the Orders: ‘Terms’ of Architectural Eloquence in the Northern Renaissance
Elizabeth J. Petcu
14 Visage-paysage. Problème de peinture
Figuring the Impossible
15 Nobody’s Bruegel
Christopher P. Heuer
16 Morbid Fascination: Death by Bruegel
17 Jan van Hemessen’s Anatomy of Parody
Bret L. Rothstein
18 The Smoke of Sacrifice: Anthropomorphism and Figure in Karel van Mallery’s ‘Sacrifice of Cain and Abel’ for Louis Richeome’s ‘Tableaux Sacrez’ (1601)
Index Nominum List of Illustrations
All those interested in the cultural history of images, microcosmism, analogy, and problems of figuration in early modern Europe.