Imago Exegetica

Visual Images as Exegetical Instruments, 1400-1700

Series: 

This volume consists of essays that pose fundamental questions about the relation between verbal and visual hermeneutics, especially as relates to biblical culture. Exegesis, as theologians and historians of art, religion, and literature, have come increasingly to acknowledge, was neither solely textual nor aniconic; on the contrary, following from Scripture itself, which is replete with verbal images and rhetorical figures, exegesis has traditionally utilized visual devices of all kinds. In turn, visual exegesis, since it concerns the most authoritative of texts, supplied a template for the interpretation of other kinds of significant text by means of images. Seen in this light, exegetical images prove crucial to understanding how meaning was constituted visually, not only in the sacred sphere but also in the secular.

Contributors include Giovanni Careri, Joseph Chorpenning, James Clifton, Nathalie de Brézé, Maria Deiters, Ralph Dekoninck, Arthur diFuria, Caroline van Eck, Dagmar Eichberger, Ingrid Falque, Wim François, Merel Groentjes, Agnès Guiderdoni, Barbara Haeger, Alexander Linke, Walter Melion, Jürgen Müller, Birgit Ulrike Münch, Colette Nativel, Wolfgang Neuber, Shelley Perlove, Leopoldine Prosperetti, Todd Richardson, Bret Rothstein, Tatiana Senkevitch, Larry Silver, Jamie Smith, Trudelien van 't Hof, Michel Weemans, and Elliott Wise


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Walter S. Melion, Ph.D. (1988) in Art History, University of California, Berkeley, is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History at Emory University. His books include Karel van Mander's 'Schilder-Boeck': Shaping the Netherlandish Canon (1991) and The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625 (2009), along with numerous edited volumes.

James Clifton, Ph.D. (1987) in Art History, Princeton University, is Director of the Sarah Campbell Blaffer Foundation and Curator in Renaissance and Baroque Painting at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. He has co-curating numerous exhibitions and co-authored numerous monographic catalogues, including A Portrait of the Artist, 1525-1825 (2005) and The Plains of Mars: European War Prints, 1500-1825 (2009).

Michel Weemans, Ph.D. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, is Chercheur-Qualifie at the Ecole nationale superieure d'art de Bourges. His exhibition catalogues include Le paysage extravagant (2009) and Fables du paysage flamand: Bosch, Bles, Brueghel, Bril (2012). He is co-editor of Paysage sacré/Sacred Landscape (2011).
“This book is an encyclopedic treasury of insights from explorations of visual exegesis in relation to biblical interpretation … The richness, fullness, and insights from this book cannot be overestimated, both for specialists and for those who want to get acquainted with visual hermeneutics for the first time.”
Donald K. McKim, Germantown, Tennessee. In: Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2 (2015), pp. 442-444.
Acknowledgements, Notes on the Editors, Notes on Contributors, List of Illustrations

Introduction: Visual Exegesis
WALTER S. MELION


I. VISUAL TYPOLOGIES


Jan van Eyck’s Typology of Spiritual Knighthood in the Van der Paele Madonna
JAMIE L. SMITH

Typology at its Limits: Visual Exegesis and Eschatology in the Sistine Chapel
GIOVANNI CARERI

Typology—Back with a Vengeance! Texts, Images, and Marginal Glosses in Vorsterman’s 1534 Dutch Bible
WIM FRANÇOIS

L’Épitaphe de Jan Michielsen et Maria Maes de Rubens. Rhétorique et Exégèse Visuelle
COLETTE NATIVEL

A New Interpretation of Vermeer’s Allegory of Faith: Vividness and Figural Interpretation
CAROLINE VAN ECK


II. VISUAL ANALOGY AS AN EXEGETICAL INSTRUMENT


Empathy as a Type of Early Netherlandish Visual Wit
BRET L. ROTHSTEIN

Meditative Exegesis and the Trope of Conversion in Dirk Vellert’s Calling of Peter and Andrew of 1523
WALTER S. MELION

The Preaching of John the Baptist: Herri met de Bles’s Visual Exegesis and Expanded Typology
MICHEL WEEMANS

Early Modern Hands: Gesture in the Work of Jan van Hemessen
TODD M. RICHARDSON

Becoming Elijah: The Sleep of Elijah by Philippe de Champaigne from the Convent of the Val-de-Grâce
TATIANA SENKEVITCH


III. EXEGETICAL IMAGERY OF SPIRITUAL CONFORMATION


‘See the Bridegroom Cometh; Go Out and Meet Him’: On Spiritual Progress and Mystical Union in Early Netherlandish Painting
INGRID FALQUE

Rogier van der Weyden and Jan van Ruusbroec: Reading, Rending, and Re-Fashioning the ‘Twice-Dyed’ Veil of Blood in the Escorial Crucifixion
ELLIOTT D. WISE

Helenus and Dorotheos: Marten de Vos and the Desert Fathers
LEOPOLDINE VAN HOGENDORP PROSPERETTI

Lectio Divina and Francis de Sales’s Picturing of the Interconnection of Divine and Human Hearts
JOSEPH F. CHORPENNING


IV. READING THE BIBLE THROUGH IMAGES


Illumination of Images and Illumination through the Image—Functions and Concepts of Gospel Illustrations in the Bible of the Nuremberg Patrician Martin Pfinzing
MARIA DEITERS

Clades Judaeae Gentis: Patterns of Destruction
MEREL GROENTJES

Modes of Scriptural Illustration: The Beatitudes in the Late Sixteenth Century
JAMES CLIFTON

Framing Devices and Exegetical Strategies in Northern Illustrated Spiritual Literature

RALPH DEKONINCK AND AGNÈS GUIDERDONI

‘The Glory of the Last House’ (Haggai 2: 9): Rembrandt and the Prophets Malachi and Haggai
SHELLEY PERLOVE


V. VISUAL INFLECTIONS OF TEXTUAL AUTHORITY


Saints amidst the Inferno: Humanism in Wittenberg’s Pre-Reformatory Art: A New Exegesis of Dürer’s Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand
BIRGIT ULRIKE MÜNCH

Visual Exegesis and Social History: Hieronymus Beck von Leopoldsdorf (1525-1596) and His Strategies of Self-Aggrandisement
WOLFGANG NEUBER

Gideon, an Old Testament Hero in Action: Burgundian Symbolism and the Visual Language of Protestant Flanders
DAGMAR EICHBERGER

Maerten van Heemskerck’s Heliodorus Driven from the Temple: Translatio and the Interrogative Print
ARTHUR J. DIFURIA

Of Churches, Heretics, and Other Guides of the Blind: The Fall of the Blind Leading the Blind by Pieter Bruegel the Elder and the Esthetics of Subversion
JÜRGEN MÜLLER

Bruegel's Biblical Kings
LARRY SILVER


VI. EMBLEMATIC IMAGES AND THE DISCERNMENT OF RELIGIOUS TRUTH


From Putti to Angels: The Celestial Creatures in Otto Vaenius’ Paintings and Emblems
NATHALIE DE BRÉZÉ

Exegetical Immersion: The Festivities on the Occasion of Francis de Sales’s Canonization (1665-1667)
AGNÈS GUIDERDONI

Old Emblems, New Meaning: A Critical Visual Account of the Reformation in De Hooghe’s Hieroglyphica
TRUDELIEN VAN ’T HOF


VII. PREFIGURATION AND TRANSFIGURATION


Vasari and The Transfiguration of Christ: Converging the Testaments and Competing with Predecessors
ALEXANDER LINKE

Rubens’s Christ Triumphant over Sin and Death: Unveiling the Glory of God
BARBARA HAEGER

Index Nominum
All those interested in scriptural imagery, biblical hermeneutics, and the complex relation between 'imago' and 'verbum' (word and image) in the early modern period.