Culture and Society in Medieval Galicia

A Cultural Crossroads at the Edge of Europe

Editor: James D'Emilio
In Culture and Society in Medieval Galicia, twenty-three international authors examine Galicia’s changing place in Iberia, Europe, and the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds from late antiquity through the thirteenth century. With articles on art and architecture; religion and the church; law and society; politics and historiography; language and literature; and learning and textual culture, the authors introduce medieval Galicia and current research on the region to medievalists, Hispanists, and students of regional culture and society. The cult of St. James, Santiago Cathedral, and the pilgrimage to Compostela are highlighted and contextualized to show how Galicia’s remoteness became the basis for a paradoxical centrality in medieval art, culture, and religion.
Contributors are Jeffrey A. Bowman, Manuel Castiñeiras, James D'Emilio, Thomas Deswarte, Pablo C. Díaz, Emma Falque, Amélia P. Hutchinson, Amancio Isla, Henrik Karge, Melissa R. Katz, Michael Kulikowski, Fernando López Sánchez, Luis R. Menéndez Bueyes, William D. Paden, Francisco Javier Pérez Rodríguez, Ermelindo Portela, Rocío Sánchez Ameijeiras, Adeline Rucquoi, Ana Suárez González, Purificación Ubric, Ramón Villares, John Williams †, and Roger Wright.

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James D'Emilio, Ph.D. (1989), Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, is Associate Professor of Humanities at the University of South Florida. He has published on art, culture, and religion in medieval Galicia, and the Cistercians in Spain and Portugal.
Contents
Preface ix
Acknowledgments xxiv
List of Figures, Maps, and Tables XXVI
Abbreviations xxxii
List of Contributors xxxviii
Part 1: The Paradox of Galicia
A Cultural Crossroads at the Edge of Europe
1 The Paradox of Galicia
A Cultural Crossroads at the Edge of Europe 3
James D’Emilio
Part 2: The Suevic Kingdom
Between Roman Gallaecia and Modern Myth
Introduction to Part 2 126
2 The Suevi in Gallaecia
An Introduction 131
Michael Kulikowski
3 Gallaecia in Late Antiquity
The Suevic Kingdom and the Rise of Local Powers 146
P. C. Díaz and Luis R. Menéndez-Bueyes
4 The Suevic Kingdom
Why Gallaecia? 176
Fernando López Sánchez
5 The Church in the Suevic Kingdom (411–585 ad) 210
Purificación Ubric
Part 3: Early Medieval Galicia
Tradition and Change
Introduction to Part 3 246
6 The Aristocracy and the Monarchy in Northwest Iberia between
the Eighth and the Eleventh Century 251
Amancio Isla
7 The Charter of Theodenandus
Writing, Ecclesiastical Culture, and Monastic Reform in Tenth-
Century Galicia 281
James D’ Emilio
8 From Galicia to the Rhône
Legal Practice in Northern Spain around the Year 1000 343
Jeffrey A. Bowman
Part 4: Galicia in the Iberian Kingdoms
From Center to Periphery?
Introduction to Part 4 362
9 The Making of Galicia in Feudal Spain (1065–1157) 367
Ermelindo Portela
10 Galicia and the Galicians in the Latin Chronicles of the
Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries 400
Emma Falque
11 The Kingdom of Galicia and the Monarchy of Castile-León
in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries 429
Francisco Javier Pérez Rodríguez
Part 5: Compostela, Galicia, and Europe
Galician Culture in the Age of the Pilgrimage
Introduction to Part 5 464
12 St. James in Galicia (c. 500–1300)
Rivalries in Heaven and on Earth 477
Thomas Deswarte
13 Compostela
A Cultural Center from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century 512
Adeline Rucquoi
14 The Tomb of St. James
Coming to Terms with History and Tradition 543
John Williams †
15 The European Architecture of Church Reform in Galicia
The Romanesque Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela 573
Henrik Karge
16 The Topography of Images in Santiago Cathedral
Monks, Pilgrims, Bishops, and the Road to Paradise 631
Manuel Castiñeiras
17 Dreams of Kings and Buildings
Visual and Literary Culture in Galicia (1157–1230) 695
Rocío Sánchez Ameijeiras
18 Cistercian Scriptoria in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
A Starting Point 765
Ana Suárez González
19 A Convent for La Sabia
Violante of Aragón and the Clarisas of Allariz 812
Melissa R. Katz
Part 6: Language and Literary Culture
From Latin to Galician-Portuguese
Introduction to Part 6 838
20 Galician Before 1250 843
Roger Wright
21 On the Music of Galician-Portuguese Secular Lyric
Sources, Genres, Performance 862
William D. Paden
22 Making Poetry, Making Waves
The Galician-Portuguese Sea Lyric 894
Amélia P. Hutchinson
Part 7: Modern Galicia and the Middle Ages
Castros, Castles, and the Camino de Santiago
Introduction to Part 7 914
23 Castles vs. Castros
The Middle Ages in the Construction of Galician National
Identity 917
Ramón Villares
Part 8: Epilogue
Future Directions
Epilogue: Future Directions in the Study of Medieval Galicia 949
James D’Emilio
Index 963
The book addresses medievalists, Hispanists, and students of regional culture and society. It emphasizes late antiquity, medieval charters, monasteries, Romanesque art, St. James’s cult, Compostela, and vernacular language and literature.