Envisioning Others: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and Latin America


Envisioning Others offers a multidisciplinary view of the relationship between race and visual culture in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world, from the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal to colonial Peru and Colombia, post-Independence Mexico, and the pre-Emancipation United States. Contributed by specialists in Latin American and Iberian art history, literature, history, and cultural studies, its ten chapters take a transnational view of what ‘race’ meant, and how visual culture supported and shaped this meaning, within the Ibero-American sphere from the late Middle Ages to the modern era. Case studies and regionally-focused essays are balanced by historiographical and theoretical offerings for a fresh perspective that challenges the reader to discern broad intersections of race, color, and the visual throughout the Iberian world.
Contributors are Beatriz Balanta, Charlene Villaseñor Black, Larissa Brewer-García, Ananda Cohen Suarez, Elisa Foster, Grace Harpster, Ilona Katzew, Matilde Mateo, Mey-Yen Moriuchi, and Erin Kathleen Rowe.
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Biographical Note

Pamela A. Patton (PhD 1994, Boston University) is Director of the Index of Christian Art at Princeton University and the author of two books and multiple articles on medieval Iberian art, including Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain (Penn State, 2012).

Review Quotes

"...All of which is to say that the parts I found especially interesting in Envisioning Others were those that delved into or at least made the reader aware of strange and surprising categories and concepts that attempted to name and control difference.”
Byron Ellsworth Hamann (Ohio State University) in The Medieval Review 16.11.31
"Quem se dedica à cultura visual religiosa e seu impacto no cotidiano, inclusive a relação entre a religião proposta e praticada e o sistema de racismo, vai beneficiar-se significativamente e, eventualmente, encontrar inspiração para novos projetos de pesquisa, inclusive, em relação à escolha da metodologia... Em sua totalidade, a obra é um convite ao/à cientista da religião para investigar não somente o aspecto religioso nas representações da cultura material e visual brasileira, mas também as relações entre imagem, religião e gênero ou imagem, religião e trabalho ou imagem, religião e política e outras.”
Helmut Renders in Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, v. 14, n. 42, p. 670-679, abr./jun. 2016

Table of contents

Acknowledgements vii
List of Illustrations viii
List of Contributors xii
Introduction: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and
Latin America 1
Pamela A. Patton
1 The Black Madonna of Montserrat: An Exception to Concepts of
Dark Skin in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia? 18
Elisa A. Foster
2 Visualizing Black Sanctity in Early Modern Spanish
Polychrome Sculpture 51
Erin Kathleen Rowe
3 The Color of Salvation: The Materiality of Blackness in Alonso de
Sandoval’s De instauranda Aethiopum salute 83
Grace Harpster
4 Imagined Transformations: Color, Beauty, and Black Christian
Conversion in Seventeenth-Century Spanish America 111
Larissa Brewer-García
5 White or Black? Albinism and Spotted Blacks in the
Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World 142
Ilona Katzew
6 Making Race Visible in the Colonial Andes 187
Ananda Cohen Suarez
7 From Casta to Costumbrismo: Representations of Racialized
Social Spaces 213
Mey-Yen Moriuchi
8 Tropical Dreams: Promoting Brazil in Nineteenth-Century us
Media 241
Beatriz E. Balanta
9 The Form of Race: Architecture, Epistemology, and National Identity
in Fernando Chueca Goitia’s Invariantes castizos de la arquitectura
española (1947) 266
Matilde Mateo
10 Race and the Historiography of Colonial Art 303
Charlene Villaseñor Black
Selected Bibliography 323
Index 362


Scholars and students interested in the art, history, and culture of Latin American and Iberia, colonialism, or the history and theory of race; academic and museum libraries.

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