Art Periodical Culture in Late Imperial Russia (1898-1917)

Print Modernism in Transition

Series:

Art Periodical Culture in Late Imperial Russia (1898-1917). Print Modernism in Transition offers a detailed exploration of the major Modernist art periodicals in late imperial Russia, the World of Art ( Mir Iskusstva, 1899-1904), The Golden Fleece ( Zolotoe runo, 1906-1909) and Apollo ( Apollon, 1909-1917). By exploring the role of art reproduction in the nineteenth century and the emergence of these innovative art journals in the turn of the century, Hanna Chuchvaha proves that these Modernist periodicals advanced the Russian graphic arts and reinforced the development of reproduction technologies and the art of printing. Offering a detailed examination of the “inaugural” issues, which included editorial positions expressed in words and images, Hanna Chuchvaha analyses the periodicals’ ideologies and explores journals as art objects appearing in their unique socio-historical context in imperial Russia.
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Biographical Note

Hanna Chuchvaha, PhD (2012), University of Alberta, Canada, is contract academic staff member at that university and teaches history of art, design and visual culture. She has published articles on Russian painting, Ukrainian textiles and Belarusian dress, book reviews and translations.

Review Quotes

“Art Periodical Culture examines the three journals at once as technological and sociological artifacts of a European print revival and the subsequent awakening of a Russian response to this movement. Chuchvaha also ably demonstrates that the content and form of the journals was the product of both individual and collective human struggle. Chuchvaha offers a useful volume for those wishing to study either Russia’s emergent literary culture at the end of the nineteenth century or the growth of Russian artistic theory and its broader cultural impact prior to the 1917 Revolution.” John Ellison, Slavic and East European Journal 61/2 (2017): 366-367.

“What places her work apart, however, is the primacy which she affords to the physical peculiarities of each publication, and the nature of the intermedial relations between their visual and literary texts. Taking her cue from developments in book and periodical studies, especially Gérard Genette’s insistence on the importance of paratexts, Chuchvaha attends to such critical but neglected aspects as the binding, cover, logo, and font to shed light on the materiality and agency of these remarkably creative vehicles of Modernist thought.” Rosalind Blakesley, The Russian Review, January 2017, Volume 76, Issue 11, pp. 145-146.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
List of Figures

Introduction
The Materiality of the Book and Gérard Genette’s Thresholds
Word-Image Intermediality
Art Journals in the Cultural Context and Structure of the Book

Chapter I: When Russia Learned to Reproduce Art: Graphic Design, Materials and Printing Techniques in Nineteenth-Century Imperial Russia
Early Russian Periodical Design
The Popular Illustrated Press in the Nineteenth Century
Art Periodicals in Imperial Russia
The “Age of Mechanical Reproduction” in Russia: Reproduction Techniques in Historical Perspective
The Periodical Personalised: Cover Pages and Binding
The Periodical Press and Censorship
Conclusion

Chapter II: World of Art and the Origins of the Print Revival in Late Imperial Russia
The World of Art in Scholarship
Emergence of the World of Art in the Cultural-Historical Context
The Art Periodical Press before the World of Art: Art and Art Industry
Abramtsevo and Talashkino, the Arts and Crafts Movement
The Modern Style
The “Circle” of Art-Lovers and the Emergence of the World of Art
Vladimir Stasov vs. Sergei Diaghilev
Editorial Board: Sergei Diaghilev vs. Alexandre Benois and Other Participants of the World of Art
The Patrons of the World of Art and the Journal’s Closure
The Editorial Mission Statement
The World of Art and its Paratextual Qualities: Materiality and the Visual in the Context of the Editorial Mission Statement and Other Texts
A European Type Journal
The Title and Logo
The Cover Page
Graphic Design and Art Reproduction: Abramtsevo and Viktor Vasnetsov in the World of Art
Toward Europeanism
Viewing vs. Reading: Word-Image Intermediality
Conclusion

Chapter III: The Golden Fleece or Russia’s "Très Riches Heures"
The Golden Fleece in Scholarship
The Golden Fleece: The Art-Historical Context
The Russian Art Periodical Press after the World of Art
Nikolai Riabushinskii: Publisher, Editor-in-chief and Art Patron
Main Contributors
The Bilingual Presentation of Russian Cosmopolitanism
The Editorial Statement
Reception of the Journal by Contemporaries
The Golden Fleece: the Paratextual Dimension
Extravagance in the ‘Time of Troubles’: From ‘Materialism’ to Materiality’
The Title: Meaning and Sources
The Cover Page: Visual Sources and Symbolism
The Art Reproductions
The World of Art in The Golden Fleece: Graphic Design and Illustration
Symbolist Illustration
Conclusion

Chapter IV: Apollo: Between “Archaism” and Modernism
Apollo in Scholarship
Contextual Preconditions for Apollo: Classical Revival Tendencies and the New Paradigm for Book Art
Classical Revival: the Term
Sergei Makovskii and the Birth of Apollo
Apollo’s Contributors: Creating a Group Identity
Apollonian / Dionysian
“In Expectation of the Hymn to Apollo”
Dance: the Apollonian Gesamtkunstwerk
Art as Theurgy
Apollonian Satire: "The Bees and Wasps of Apollo"
Articulating a Paradigm for Book Art: Alexandre Benois’s “The Objectives of Graphic Art”
Apollo and its Textual and Paratextual Standards: Materiality, Archeology of the Visual and Apollonianism
Materiality, the Title and the Cover Page
The Title Page: Connecting Greek Archaism with Modernism
The Russian Cretan Quest and the Origins of Archaism
The “Archeological” Meaning of the Title Page
Art Reproductions
Apollo’s Graphic Design and its “Architectural” Meaning
Illustrations in the Literary Almanac
Conclusion

Conclusion
Bibliography
Primary Sources
List of Selected Illustrated Magazines and Art Periodicals published in the Nineteenth Century
List of Selected Art Periodicals published in the Twentieth Century
Secondary Sources
Glossary of Terms
Index

Readership

All interested in Russian Modernism in literature and visual arts, periodical and book studies. Anyone who is concerned with the World of Art ( Mir Iskusstva, 1899-1904), The Golden Fleece ( Zolotoe runo, 1906-1909) and Apollo ( Apollon, 1909-1917), their publishing histories and visual identities.