Europe and the Americas

Transatlantic Approaches to Human Rights

In Europe and the Americas: Transatlantic Approaches to Human Rights, leading scholars of different disciplines offer new insight into transatlantic approaches to human rights. At a time when global challenges (economic crises, poverty, terrorism, mass migration and climate change) have a profound impact on the universal development of human rights and democracy, a common transatlantic understanding of human rights may prove instrumental in meeting these challenges.

Through conceptual discussions, by analysing different human rights topics in different periods and regions (Europe, the United States and Latin America), and by focusing on a diverse range of actors, from policy makers and judicial institutions to academics and civil society, the authors identify key developments of human rights within a transatlantic framework.

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Erik André Andersen is a senior researcher at the Danish Institute for Human Rights. He is an expert in Eastern and Central Europe, Russia and the former Soviet Union. He holds a PhD in political science on Eastern Europe from the University of Copenhagen. Among other things, he is currently working on the history of international criminal courts, the economy and human rights as well as human rights indicators. During 2006-2014, he was a member of the Board of the Danish Institute for Human Rights.

Eva Maria Lassen is senior researcher at the Danish Institute for Human Rights, she holds a PhD in History and is an expert in religious freedom, the history of human rights, and human rights and religious traditions. In 2007-2012, she was the Research Director at the Danish Institute for Human Rights and she is currently a member of the Board of Administrators of the European Inter-University Centre of Human Rights and Democratization (EIUC), national director of the European Master’s Degree in Human Rights and Democratization (E.MA) and vice-chair of Humanity in Action, Denmark. She is currently participating in the research project “FRAME: Fostering Human Rights among European Policies”, funded under the EU’s Seventh Framework Program.
Introduction Erik André Andersen and Eva Maria Lassen
Part I. Negotiating concepts and definitions
The Beginning of the International Human Rights Era
1 When Peers are Pressing for Progress: The Clash between Hersch Lauterpacht and John Humphrey over the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Eva Maria Lassen
2 Race, Social Struggles and “Human” Rights: Contributions from the Global South Julia Suárez-Krabbe
3 The Latin-American influence on European Human Rights Law Jonas Christofffersen
4 The Jamaican Broker: UN Diplomacy and the Transformantion of International Human Rights, 1962-1968 Steven L. B. Jensen
5 The Past Discontinued: American and European Views on International Criminal Tribunals, 1918-1945 Erik André Andersen
Discourses Discussed
6 From “Rights Talk” to “Human Rights Talk”: Transatlantic Dialogues on Human Rights Helle Porsdam
7 Law as Identity – Diffferent Identities and Diffferent Human Rights Conceptions in Europe and the United States Sten Schaumburg-Müller
Part II. Erratic frontiers of human rights
Countries in Transition
8 Regime Change in a Transitional Society: The Case of Ukraine Srdjan Darmanovic
9 Human Rights in and around Cuba: Monolithic Discourse or Actual Alternatives? Jan Gustafsson
10 The Latin American Spring: New Constitutions, Rights and Obligations? Annali Kristiansen
Human Rights Borders Under Pressure
11 Torture: Europe and the Americas Manfred Nowak and Karolina Miriam Januszewski
12 The Loaded Gun: The Obama Administration and the Legacy of George W. Bush’s “War on Terror” Niels Bjerre-Poulsen
13 The Extraterritorial Use of Armed Drones and International Human Rights Law: Diffferent Views on Legality in the US and Europe? Peter Vedel Kessing
14 Losing the Right to Have Rights: EU Externalization of Border Control Martin Lemberg-Pedersen
Students, scholars, policy makers and other interested in transatlantic approaches to human rights in a historical and contemporary context and from a multidisciplinary perspective.