Phonology, Morphology, Lexicon


Before the arrival of the Indo-European Greeks in the area around the Aegean Sea, a non-Indo-European language was spoken there which was eventually replaced by Greek. Although no written texts exist in this Pre-Greek language, Robert Beekes shows that we can reconstruct elements of its phonology and morphology on the basis of the substantial amount of Pre-Greek vocabulary which was absorbed by Greek. In addition to the general characteristics of Pre-Greek, Beekes provides a complete overview of the evidence, comprising over 1100 Greek etyma which are certainly of Pre-Greek origin. The book thus opens a window on the first Pre-Indo-European language of prehistoric Europe to have left a trace in history.

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Biographical Note

Robert S. P. Beekes (Ph.D. 1969) is Professor emeritus of Comparative Indo-European Linguistics at Leiden University. His publications include Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (1995) and the Etymological Dictionary of Greek (2010).


All interested in the history of the Greek language and the Pre-Indo-European languages of Europe, and anyone concerned with the prehistory of the ancient eastern Mediterranean.

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