Alliance of Adversaries: The Congress of the Toilers of the Far East


In 1920 Lenin called on the Communist International to open a second front against the imperialist powers by fighting alongside nationalist and peasant movements in the colonies. Eighteen months later, leaders of fledgling East Asian communist parties and other revolutionaries gathered in Moscow to plan the way forward. The Congress of the Toilers of the Far East profoundly influenced the strategy of Communist Parties throughout the colonial world. But alliances with other parties were fragile and risky. East Asian Communist Parties suffered serious defeats in the years following the Congress until WWII revived their fortunes. This edited and annotated edition of the Congress minutes will be of interest to scholars and general readers alike.

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Biographical Note
John Sexton is an independent researcher and translator.
Table of contents
Acknowledgements Illustrations Note on Texts and Sources
Preface to the 1970 Hammersmith Reprint
Opening Session: 21 January 1922, Moscow
Second Session: Morning of 23 January 1922, Moscow
Third Session: Evening of 23 January 1922, Moscow
Fourth Session: Morning of 24 January 1922, Moscow
Fifth Session: Evening of 24 January 1922, Moscow
Sixth Session: Morning of 25 January 1922, Moscow
Seventh Session: Evening of 25 January 1922, Moscow
Eighth Session: Morning of 26 January 1922, Moscow
Ninth Session: Morning of 27 January 1922, Moscow
Tenth Session: Evening of 27 January 1922, Moscow
Eleventh Session: Evening of 30 January, Moscow
The Results of the Washington Conference and the Situation in the Far East
Final Session: Evening of 2 February 1922, Petrograd
Manifesto of the Congress
Greetings to the President of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee M.I. Kalinin
Report of the Credentials Committee
Classification of Delegates
Appendix 1: Organisations Represented at the Congress Appendix 2: Timeline of Events Appendix 3: Congress Delegates Bibliography Index Illustration Section
Those interested in the role of the Communist International in the anti-colonial struggle, and the history of labour and peasant movements in East Asia.
Index Card
Collection Information