Mass Atrocities, Risk and Resilience

Rethinking Prevention

Mass Atrocities, Risk and Resilience examines the relationship between risk and resilience in the prevention of genocide and other mass atrocities and explores two broad areas of neglect. In terms of prevention, there is very little research that analyzes how local and national actors manage the risk associated with mass atrocities. In the field of comparative genocide studies, to date there has been very little interest in examining negative cases. Although much is known about why mass atrocities occur, much less is established about why they do not occur. The contributions in this book address this neglect in two important ways. First, they challenge commonly-accepted approaches to prevention. Second, they explore negative cases in order to better understand how local and national actors have mitigated risk over time.

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Stephen McLoughlin is a Research Fellow at the Griffith Asia Institute and Centre for Governance and Public Policy, at Griffith University. His research interests include mass atrocities early warning, structural prevention of mass atrocities, ethnic conflict in post-communist states, and the responsibility to protect. His current research is focused on understanding local and national sources of resilience, and how these play a protective role in states at risk of future atrocities. He is the author of the recent book The Structural Prevention of Mass Atrocities: Understanding Risk and Resilience.
List of Tables
Acknowledgements

1. Introduction – Exploring Risk and Resilience: Implications for comparative genocide studies, and mass atrocity prevention
Stephen McLoughlin

PART I: CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTION

2. The Next ‘Spring’ is Certain to Come – and Certain to be Missed: Deficits in conflict prevention and research
Witold Mucha

3. ‘Who is the subject of atrocities prevention?’
Bridget Conley-Zilkic

4. Rethinking the Structural Prevention of Mass Atrocities
Stephen McLoughlin

PART II: INVESTIGATING THE NON-OCCURRENCE OF GENOCIDE AND OTHER MASS ATROCITIES

5. International Affinity and the Prevention of Genocide: Implications for R2P
Manus I. Midlarsky

6. Rethinking Approaches to Prevention under the Responsibility to Protect: Agency and Empowerment within Vulnerable Populations
Deborah Mayersen

7. Indigenous State-building: 'Local' actors in Somaliland's stabilization
Michael Walls

8. Iran 1998-2008: Insight on the containment of risk
Sara E. Davies

9.Azerbaijan 1998-2008: Ceasefire, stalemate and simmering tensions
Stephen McLoughlin

Bibliography
About the Authors
Index
• Scholars – political scientists, particularly those specializing in civil war, genocide and mass political violence
• Policy makers/practitioners – especially those working in the field of conflict/mass atrocities prevention and conflict resolution in the United Nations, and international NGOs, such as International Crisis Group, Oxfam and the Carter Center.
• Students of political science, particularly in the areas of comparative genocide studies and peace and conflict studies.