The Constancy and Development in the Christology of Theodoret of Cyrrhus

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In The Constancy and Development of the Christology of Theodoret of Cyrrhus Vasilije Vranic offers an assessment of the involvement of Theodoret of Cyrrhus in the Nestorian and Miaphysite controversies of the fifth century.
Theodoret’s Christological language and concepts are examined in their historical contexts. The study is based on the comparison between the early period of Theodoret’s Christological output ( Expositio rectae fidei and Refutation of the Twelve Anathemas) and his mature period ( Eranistes). Theodoret’s Christology is ultimately vindicated and his position as a credible theologian who anticipated the definition of the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451) is assured, while proposing that challenges to the consistency of his Christology ought to be reconsidered.
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Biographical Note

Vasilije Vranic, Ph.D. (2012), Marquette University, is Assistant Professor at St. Sava School of Theology. He has published several articles in the history of religious and political thought of the Christian East, mainly of the Patristic period.

Review Quotes

As a whole, Vranic's work stands as an important contribution to the study of not only Theodoret's thought, but of the Antiochene theological tradition in general.
Emmanuel Fiano, The Journal of Ecclesiastical history, 2017

Table of contents

1.0. Introduction
PART I: The Historical Background
2.0. Theodoret and the Nestorian Controversy (before AD 431)
2.1. The Origin of the Nestorian Controversy
2.2. Rome and the Nestorian Controversy
2.3. Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas and the Escalation of the Controversy
2.4. The Council of Ephesus (AD 431 AD)
2.5. Reactions to the Decision of the Council of Ephesus
2.6. The Aftermath of the Council of Ephesus (AD 431)
2.7. The Tomos of Reunion
2.8. Hostility Continues: The Christological Debate from AD 434 to 444
2.9. The Miaphysite Controversy
2.10. Conclusion
PART II: The Early Christology of Theodoret of Cyrrhus
3.0. Expositio rectae fidei
3.1. Authorship
3.2. Date of Composition
3.3. Outline of the Content
3.4. The Theology of the Expositio rectae fidei
3.5. Theodoret, Theodore and the Cappadocian Lexicon in the Expositio rectae fidei
3.6. The Mode of Union of the Logos and Humanity in Christ
3.7. The Logos as theios sporos: The Christology of the Expositio rectae fidei
4.0. Theodoret’s Christology at the Dawn of the Nestorian Controversy: Refutation of the Twelve Anathemas of Cyril of Alexandria
4.1. The Twelve Anathemas of Cyril of Alexandria
4.2. The Christological Content of the Twelve Anathemas
4.3. Theodoret’s Refutation of the Twelve Anathemas of Cyril
4.4. The Nature of the Christological debate in Theodoret’s Refutation of Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas
4.5. The Exegetical Foundation for the “Immutable,” “Unmixed,” and “Impassible”
4.6. “Immutable” in the Refutation of Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas
4.7. Communicatio idiomatum and the “Immutable”
4.8. “Unmixed” in the Refutation of Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas
4.9. The title “Theotokos” and the “Unmixed”
4.10. The hypostatic union and the “Unmixed”
4.11. “Impassible” in the Refutation of Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas
4.12. Conclusion
PART III: Theodoret’s Mature Christology
5.0. Eranistes
5.1. The Date and Context of the Eranistes
5.2. The Content of the Eranistes
5.3. Conclusion
6.0. The Mature Christology of Theodoret of Cyrrhus: The Evidence of the Eranistes
6.1. The Christological Lexicon of the Eranistes
6.2. The Christological phraseology of the Eranistes
6.3. The Christology of the Eranistes
6.4. The Human Nature of Christ after the Resurrection: Communicatio idiomatum or theosis
6.5. Iconic Theophanies: An Echo of the Anthropomorphite controversy?
6.6. Conclusion
7.0. General Conclusions: The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrrhus - Development or Continuity?
Bibliography

Readership

All interested in Patristics, Church History, Christology, heresy and orthodoxy, and history of councils and Christian doctrine.

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