Medicine in the Enlightenment

Series:

Editor: Roy Porter
The interpretation of eighteenth-century medicine has been much contested. Some have view it as a wilderness of rationalism and arid theories between the Scientific Revolution and the astonishing changes of the nineteenth-century. Other scholars have emphasized the close and fruitful links between medicine and the Enlightenment, suggesting that medical advance was the very embodiment of the philosphes’ ideal of a practical science that would improve mankind’s lot and foster human happiness.
In a series of essays covering Great Britain, France, Germany and other parts of Europe, noted historians debate these issues through detailed examinations of major aspects of eighteenth-century medicine and medical controversy, including such topics as the introduction of smallpox inoculation, the transformation of medical education, and the treatment of the insane. The essays as a whole suggest a positive reading of the transformations in eighteenth-century medicine, while stressing local diversity and uneven development.

Prices from (excl. VAT):

€151.00$189.00
”Porter’s collection offers a wealth of new information, forcing us to further refine and revise our picture of eighteenth-century medicine.” in: Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Vol. 72, Issue 2
Preface
Notes on Contributors
Introduction

1. The Politics of Committal to Early Modern Bethlem
Jonathan ANDREWS

Medical Reform, the Enlightenment and Physician-Power in Late Eighteenth-Century France
L.W.B. BROCKLISS

Whose Enlightenment? Medicine, Witchcraft, Melancholia and Pathology
Johanna GEYER-KORDESCH

Sarah Stone, Enlightenment Midwife
Isobel GRUNDY

Developing Medical Expertise: Medical Practitioners and the Suspected Murders of New-Born Children
Mark JACKSON

Reflections on Medical Reform: Cabanis' Coup d'Œuil
Ludmilla J. JORDANOVA

The Enlightenment Encountered: The German Physicus and His World, 1750-1820
Mary LINDEMANN

Conflicting Attitudes Towards Inoculation in Enlightenment Germany
Andreas-Holger MAEHLE

Honeyed Words: Bernard Mandeville and Medical Discourse
Francis MCKEE

Shaping Psychiatric Knowledge: The Role of the Asylum
Roy PORTER

Vitalism, Disease and Society
Roselyne REY

The Weight of Evidence and the Burden of Authority: Case Histories, Medical Statistics and Smallpox Inoculation
Andrea A. RUSNOCK

Methodism and Dr George Cheyne's 'More Enlightening Principles'
David E. SHUTTLETON

Anti-Lockean Enlightenment? Mind and Body in Early Eighteenth-Century English Medicine
Akihito SUZUKI

An Enlightenment Science? Surgery and the Royal Society
Philip WILSON

Index